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W. E. B. Du Bois (1868–1963)

Författare till The Souls of Black Folk

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Om författaren

Civil rights leader and author, William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts on February 23, 1868. He earned a B.A. from both Harvard and Fisk universities, an M.A. and Ph.D. from Harvard, and studied at the University of Berlin. He taught briefly at Wilberforce visa mer University before he came professor of history and economics at Atlanta University in Ohio (1896-1910). There, he wrote The Souls of Black Folk (1903), in which he pointed out that it was up to whites and blacks jointly to solve the problems created by the denial of civil rights to blacks. In 1905, Du Bois became a major figure in the Niagara Movement, a crusading effort to end discrimination. The organization collapsed, but it prepared the way for the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), in which Du Bois played a major role. In 1910, he became editor of the NAACP magazine, a position he held for more than 20 years. Du Bois returned to Atlanta University in 1932 and tried to implement a plan to make the Negro Land Grant Colleges centers of black power. Atlanta approved of his idea, but later retracted its support. When Du Bois tried to return to NAACP, it rejected him too. Active in several Pan-African Congresses, Du Bois came to know Fwame Nkrumah, the first president of Ghana, and Jono Kenyatta the president of Kenya. In 1961, the same year Du Bois joined the Communist party, Nkrumah invited him to Ghana as a director of an Encyclopedia Africana project. He died there on August 27, 1963, after becoming a citizen of that country. (Bowker Author Biography) visa färre


Verk av W. E. B. Du Bois

The Souls of Black Folk (1903) 5,057 exemplar
Three Negro Classics (1901) 435 exemplar
John Brown (1962) 282 exemplar
W. E. B. Du Bois: A Reader (1970) 137 exemplar
The World and Africa (1947) 133 exemplar
The Quest of the Silver Fleece (1911) 108 exemplar
The Negro (1915) 107 exemplar
Dark Princess (1975) 76 exemplar
Of the Dawn of Freedom (2009) 34 exemplar
Prayers for Dark People (1980) 16 exemplar
The Wisdom of W. E. B. Du Bois (2003) 15 exemplar
The Comet (2001) 14 exemplar
Du Bois on Religion (2000) 12 exemplar
The Conservation of Races (2008) 11 exemplar
The Talented Tenth (2015) 9 exemplar
The Seventh Son: Volume One Only (1986) — Författare — 6 exemplar
The Seventh Son (v. 2) (1986) — Författare — 6 exemplar
Behold the Land 3 exemplar
黒人のたましい (1992) — Författare — 2 exemplar
Black Voices on Britain: Selected Writings (2022) — Bidragsgivare — 2 exemplar
Crisis 2 exemplar
De ziel van zwart Amerika (2022) 1 exemplar
Memorabilia 1 exemplar
The Negro Problem 1 exemplar
Selections from Phylon (1980) 1 exemplar
Selected Poems (1965) 1 exemplar
Sulla sociologia (2012) 1 exemplar
Newspaper columns (1986) 1 exemplar
Peace is dangerous 1 exemplar
黒人のたましい (2006) — Författare — 1 exemplar

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Allmänna fakta

Namn enligt folkbokföringen
Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt
USA (birth)
Ghana (naturalization)
Great Barrington, Massachusetts, USA
Accra, Ghana
Nashville, Tennessee, USA
Berlin, Germany
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Manhattan, New York, USA (visa alla 7)
Fisk University (BA|1888)
Harvard University (BA|History|1890)
Harvard University (MA|1891)
Harvard University (PhD|1896)
University of Berlin
playwright (visa alla 12)
travel writer
Du Bois, Shirley Graham (2nd wife)
Cullen, Countee (son-in-law)
Dunbar, Paul Laurence (friend)
Santayana, George (teacher)
James, William (teacher)
Schmoller, Gustav von (teacher) (visa alla 10)
Treitschke, Heinrich von (teacher)
Ovington, Mary White (friend)
Kelley, Florence (friend)
Bontemps, Arna (friend)
Wilberforce University
University of Pennsylvania
Atlanta University
American Negro Academy (president)
Niagara Movement (co-founder and general secretary)
Moon Illustrated Weekly (founder and editor) (visa alla 18)
The Horizon: A Journal of the Color Line (founder and editor)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (co-founder)
Crisis (co-founder editor)
The Brownies' Book (founder and editor)
National Guardian
Peace Information Center (chairman)
American Labor Party (candidate for U.S. Senate)
Pan-African Congress (organizer)
Council of African Affairs (vice chairman)
Encyclopedia of the Negro (editor-in-chief)
Encyclopaedia Africana (director)
Freedomways: A Quarterly Review of the Freedom Movement (cofounder)
Priser och utmärkelser
First black American to receive a doctorate from Harvard University
Fellowship, John F. Slater Fund for the Education of Freedmen
Coined the expression "Talented Tenth"
Published the first black American illustrated weekly
First black American invited by the American Historical Association
Spingarn Medal, NAACP (visa alla 16)
International Lenin Peace Prize, USSR
His house was declared a National Historic Landmark
United States Postal Service stamp
The Extra Mile medallion
Feast Day, Episcopal Church
Honorary Emeritus Professor, University of Pennsylvania
National Institute of Arts and Letters
Knight Commander of Liberian Humane Order of African Redemption
Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy Extraordinary, President Coolidge
Georgia Writers Hall of Fame



W.E.B. Du Bois? i Legacy Libraries (februari 2016)


A sometimes curious collection of writing from W.E.B. Du Bois, first published in 1920 and consisting of political essays, autobiographical content, allegorical poetry, and short stories, republished in 2022 by Flame Tree 451 rather oddly in their “Essential Gothic, Science Fiction & Dark Fantasy” series, complete with a useless glossary of Victorian terms. It’s at its best when Du Bois writes of his life and speaks such searing truth about racism, capitalistic excess, and world events, but it’s tortured and rather overwrought when he ventures into poetry and fiction. If I were to re-read it, or recommend it, I would say to simply skip this latter stuff.

Du Bois’ non-fiction essays were like a beacon at a time when America was mired in the nadir of race relations; this was a time of lynchings, massacres, segregation, sundown towns, and the President enthusiastically watching The Birth of a Nation in the White House. He is insightful and presages the rise of White Nationalism and Hitler in his brilliant chapter The Souls of White Folk. He points out America’s hypocrisy in making the “World Safe for Democracy” and condemning Germany for things like the Rape of Belgium in 1918 when it was committing its own atrocities all over the country. He criticizes colonialism and the teaching of world history in ways that are skewed towards white people and Western European nations. He speaks up for the working man against greedy businessmen, and points out the irony of white blue collar workers thinking their black counterparts were the enemy. He speaks up for women, and black women in particular. A great deal of it is still highly relevant today.

Du Bois was very well read and abreast of current events, which he often references without full explanation. A better modern edition would have included footnotes for the reader, but I didn’t mind pausing to look things up as I went. Reading The Shadow of Years had me referencing the lynching of Sam Hose in 1899, Of Work and Wealth spurs a reading on the massacres of black people in East St. Louis over May-July 1917, and The Second Coming the May 1918 lynchings and horrifying brutality in Valdosta Georgia (including to Mary Turner and her unborn baby).

On a lighter note, The Immortal Child had me sampling composer Samuel Coleridge-Taylor’s works. And in one of his more extraordinary moments, after describing a litany of ways everyday racism may be encountered in Of Beauty and Death, he points out that “we cannot forget that this world is beautiful,” which gave me goosebumps.

Just this quote, on the wealth gap:
“Thus the shadow of hunger, in a world which never needs to be hungry, drives us to war and murder and hate. But why does hunger shadow so vast a mass of men? Manifestly because in the great organizing of men for work a few of the participants come out with more wealth than they can possibly use, while a vast number emerge with less they can decently support life. In earlier economic stages we defended this as the reward of Thrift and Sacrifice, and the punishment of Ignorance and Crime. To this the answer is sharp: Sacrifice calls for no such reward and Ignorance deserves no such punishment.”
… (mer)
1 rösta
gbill | 2 andra recensioner | Sep 20, 2023 |
Hakim Adi's selection of writings about Britain (mainly England) by Black people of the late 18th to the early 20th century is carefully chosen to establish their presence in all strata of society at a date earlier than certain commentators would wish it known. There's a thread showing the development of abolitionism into emancipation into supremacism to justify the continued exploitation of Black Labour, and Adi's selections often strongly resonate with current issues, such as the Windrush scandal and the illegal Tory Rwanda deportation policy.

There's also many fascinating glimpses into Georgian and Victorian society and, while varying degrees of racism are noted, many of the impressions of visitors to the island are positive about their reception and of the culture in which they find themselves.

A nuanced and balanced selection of historical testimonies which I thoroughly enjoyed reading, not least the short section on John Ocansey's day trip from Liverpool to my home town of Southport 🏖️
… (mer)
Michael.Rimmer | Jul 12, 2023 |
While interesting to see what has changed (and sadly note what has not), I found that these essays didn't impact me the way [a:Zora Neale Hurston|15151|Zora Neale Hurston|]'s [b:Their Eyes Were Watching God|37415|Their Eyes Were Watching God|Zora Neale Hurston||1643555] or [a:Alice Walker|7380|Alice Walker|]'s [b:The Color Purple|11486|The Color Purple|Alice Walker||3300573] did. I guess I relate to the more intimate personal lives shown in novels than the same situation shown in aggregate form in nonfiction. The parts I liked best were the ones that dealt with individuals, such as 'Of the Coming of John'.… (mer)
leslie.98 | 66 andra recensioner | Jun 27, 2023 |



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Associerade författare

David Levering Lewis Editor, Introduction
Frederick Douglass Contributor
Herbert Aptheker Introduction
Sojourner Truth Contributor
Ellen Craft Contributor
Elizabeth Keckley Contributor
Josiah Henson Contributor
Ottobah Cugoano Contributor
Theodore Thomas Contributor
Peter Stanford Contributor
Mary Seacole Contributor
Ignatius Sancho Contributor
John Ocansey Contributor
Mary Prince Contributor
Olaudah Equiano Contributor
James Gronniosaw Contributor
Boston King Contributor
Harriet A. Jacobs Contributor
John Hope Franklin Introduction
Phil Zuckerman Editor, Introduction
Daniel Cady Introduction
Sandra L. Barnes Introduction
Aberjhani Introduction
Ibram X. Kendi Introduction
Saunders Redding Introduction
Alvin F. Poussaint Introduction
Nathan Hare Introduction
Donald B. Gibson Introduction
Stephen G. Hall Introduction
Jacqueline Francis Introduction
Kadir Nelson Cover artist
Isabel Eaton Contributor
Nicolas Martin-Breteau Traducteur et appareil critique
Werner Sollors Introduction
Brent Hayes Edwards Introduction
Irene Diggs Introduction
Romare Bearden Illustrator
Martin Luther King, Jr. Tribute to Dr. Du Bois
Arnell Powell Narrator
Wilson J. Moses Introduction
Emmanuel Akyeampong Introduction


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