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Henry Fielding (1707–1754)

Författare till Tom Jones : berättelsen om ett hittebarn

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Henry Fielding, 1707 - 1754 A succcessful playwright in his twenties, Henry Fielding turned to the study of law and then to journalism, fiction, and a judgeship after his Historical Register, a political satire on the Walpole government, contributed to the censorship of plays that put him out of visa mer business. As an impoverished member of the upper classes, he knew the country squires and the town nobility; as a successful young playwright, the London jet set; as a judge at the center of London, the city's thieves, swindlers, petty officials, shopkeepers, and vagabonds. As a political journalist (editor-author of The Champion, 1739-1741; The True Patriot, 1745-1746; The Jacobite's Journal, 1747-1748; The Covent-Garden Journal, 1752), he participated in argument and intrigue over everything from London elections to national policy. He knowledgeably attacked and defended a range of politicians, from ward heelers to the Prince of Wales. When Fielding undertook writing prose fiction to ridicule the simple morality of Pamela by Samuel Richardson, he first wrote the hilarious burlesque Shamela (1741). However, he soon found himself considering all the forces working on humans, and in Joseph Andrews (1742) (centering on his invented brother of Pamela), he played with the patterns of Homer, the Bible, and Cervantes to create what he called "a comic epic poem in prose." His preface describing this new art form is one of the major documents in literary criticism of the novel. Jonathan Wild, a fictional rogue biography of a year later, plays heavily with ironic techniques that leave unsettled Fielding's great and recurring theme: the difficulty of uniting goodness, or an outflowing love of others, with prudence in a world where corrupted institutions support divisive pride rather than harmony and self-fulfillment. In his masterpiece Tom Jones (1749), Fielding not only faces this issue persuasively but also shows for the first time the possibility of bringing a whole world into an artistic unity, as his model Homer had done in verse. Fielding develops a coherent and centered sequence of events-something Congreve had done casually on a small scale in Incognita 60 years before. In addition he also relates the plot organically to character and theme, by which he gives us a vision of the archetypal good person (Tom) on a journey toward understanding. Every act by every character in the book reflects the special and typical psychology of that character and the proper moral response. In Tom Jones, Fielding affirms the existence of an order under the surface of chaos. In his last novel, Amelia (1751), which realistically examines the misery of London, he can find nothing reliable except the prudent good heart, and that only if its possessor escapes into the country. Fielding based the title character on his second wife, with whom he was deeply in love. However, ill himself, still saddened by the deaths of his intensely loved first wife and daughter, and depressed by a London magistrate's endless toil against corruption, Fielding saw little hope for goodness in that novel or in his informal Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon (1755). Shortly after traveling to Lisbon for his health, Fielding died at the age of 47, having proved to his contemporaries and successors that the lowly novel was capable of the richest achievements of art. (Bowker Author Biography) visa färre
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Verk av Henry Fielding

Joseph Andrews (1742) 1,738 exemplar
Joseph Andrews and Shamela (1741) 1,477 exemplar
Jonathan Wild (1741) 514 exemplar
Amelia (1751) 372 exemplar
Anti-Pamela AND Shamela (1741) 99 exemplar
Shamela (1741) 92 exemplar
Pamela/Shamela (1980) 51 exemplar
Tom Jones [Penguin Readers] (1999) 34 exemplar
Joseph Andrews (1/2) (2006) 31 exemplar
Amelia (2/2) (1902) 23 exemplar
Joseph Andrews (2/2) (2007) 22 exemplar
Historical register for the year 1736 and Eurydice hissed (1967) — Författare — 20 exemplar
Tom Jones [abridged] (1948) 19 exemplar
The Grub-Street opera (1963) 18 exemplar
Amelia (1/2) (1968) 16 exemplar
[unidentified works] (2009) 8 exemplar
Miscellanies (1993) 6 exemplar
Henry Fielding : Romans (1964) 6 exemplar
The Female Husband (2010) 6 exemplar
The Lovers Assistant (2010) 4 exemplar
Amelia (3/3) (1903) 4 exemplar
Tom Jones (4/4) — Författare — 4 exemplar
Tom Jones (1/3) (1966) 3 exemplar
Amelia (1/3) (1903) 3 exemplar
Amelia (2/3) (1903) 3 exemplar
The Mock Doctor (2004) 3 exemplar
Tom Jones (3/4) — Författare — 3 exemplar
Pasquin 3 exemplar
Tom Jones (3/3) — Författare — 2 exemplar
Tom Jones (2/3) — Författare — 2 exemplar
Rape Upon Rape (2019) 2 exemplar
The wedding-day 2 exemplar
Farsy 2 exemplar
Tom Jones Vol II 1 exemplar
Hry, Jonathan Wild 1 exemplar
Tom Jones vol. 1 1 exemplar
Everyman's library 1 exemplar
Joseph Andrews 1 1 exemplar
The Grub Street Opera (1968) 1 exemplar
Tom Jones, Vol 2 1 exemplar
Tom Jones (2/4) — Författare — 1 exemplar
Tom Jones (1/4) — Författare — 1 exemplar
The Modern Husband (2004) 1 exemplar
Izbrannye sochineniia (1989) 1 exemplar
South Wind 1 exemplar
The Works (2016) 1 exemplar
Shamela Andrews 1 exemplar
The Intriguing Chambermaid (2019) 1 exemplar
Amelia. Vol I (2008) 1 exemplar
Miscellanies and poems (1872) 1 exemplar
Фарсы 1 exemplar

Associerade verk

Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books (1909) — Bidragsgivare — 511 exemplar
English Poetry, Volume II: From Collins to Fitzgerald (1910) — Bidragsgivare — 480 exemplar
Eighteenth-Century English Literature (1969) — Författare — 184 exemplar
Eighteenth-Century Plays (1952) — Bidragsgivare — 147 exemplar
The Adventures of David Simple (1744) — Preface, vissa utgåvor137 exemplar
British Dramatists from Dryden to Sheridan (1939) — Bidragsgivare, vissa utgåvor90 exemplar
Tom Jones [1963 film] (1963) — Original book — 63 exemplar
Eighteenth Century Plays (1928) — Bidragsgivare — 62 exemplar
Modern Arthurian Literature (1992) — Bidragsgivare — 30 exemplar
A Skeleton At the Helm (2008) — Bidragsgivare — 25 exemplar
Eighteenth Century Women: An Anthology (1984) — Bidragsgivare — 23 exemplar
Lock Up Your Daughters, Acting Edition (1967) — Original book — 15 exemplar
Law in Action: An Anthology of the Law in Literature (1947) — Bidragsgivare — 13 exemplar
Englische Essays aus drei Jahrhunderten (1980) — Bidragsgivare — 10 exemplar
Great Love Scenes from Famous Novels (1943) — Bidragsgivare — 5 exemplar
Famous stories of five centuries (1934) — Bidragsgivare — 4 exemplar
Joseph Andrews [1977 film] (2003) — Original book — 3 exemplar
Satire, burlesque, protest, and ridicule II (1974) — Bidragsgivare — 1 exemplar
Political operas I: Satire and allegory (1974) — Bidragsgivare — 1 exemplar
The medical and legal professions [ballad operas] (1974) — Bidragsgivare — 1 exemplar
Farce: amorous intrigue and deception I (1975) — Bidragsgivare — 1 exemplar


Allmänna fakta



Folio Archives 297: Tom Jones by Henry Fielding 2008 i Folio Society Devotees (november 2022)


Schon als ich das Buch zum ersten Mal las, fand ich es witzig, dass sich der Autor so oft an mich als Leserin wendet, und ich fragte mich, ob er sich wirklich eine Leserin wie mich, mehr als 200 Jahre nach dem Erscheinen des Buches, vorgestellt hatte. Das Buch ist sehr witzig geschrieben und hat einen sehr amüsanten Stil, der unter anderem deshalb so vergnüglich ist, weil der Autor immer wieder den Leser anspricht. Es ist ein dickes Buch über das Findelkind Tom Jones, dem wahrscheinlich alles passiert, was einem Menschen so passieren kann. Er wird als Baby im Bett eines reichen Adligen gefunden, was ich ein sehr seltsames Setting fand. An diesem Landsitz wird er wie ein Sohn aufgezogen, natürlich wird er zum Opfer von allerhand Intrigen, bis er am Ende glücklich wird. Es ist einer der ersten Romane, die es in der englischen Sprache gab. Und nach all den Jahren kann man ihn immer noch sehr gut lesen.… (mer)
Wassilissa | 95 andra recensioner | Oct 18, 2023 |
"It is much easier to make good men wise, than to make bad men good."

The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling, as the title suggest is about the life of Tom Jones, the main character, and in truth it is an early rom-com. As a baby, Tom Jones was left to the care of Squire Allworthy, a prominent and wealthy landowner in Somerset. Despite his inauspicious start in life Tom was raised by the Squire and his sister, Bridget, as though he was part of their family.

Meanwhile, Sergeant Blifil begins courting Bridget and eventually, they are married and have a son, William. The novel highlights the contrasting personas of Tom and William Blifil. On one hand, Tom is crude and unrefined but has a heart of gold, whereas Blifil is cultured but is greedy and calculating. Bilfil tries to discredit Tom's with the latter's love interest, Sophia Western and marry her himself but is only interested in the fortune that she would bring to any marriage.

The novel is also packed with minor characters who explore different human virtues: kindness and wickedness, greed and honesty, justice and injustice. There are the good Samaritans, bullies, shady characters, the greedy and the generous, loyal and disloyal, promiscuous women and gossip mongers. Throughout, there is Tom, who is both perfect and flawed at the same time. The novel also explores the position of women in 18th-century Britain and their general lack of power.

Despite its length it has a very straightforward plot. The novel is divided into 18 smaller books, with each book having an introductory chapter, as well as commentaries scattered throughout the book. Although the truth and mystery shrouding Tom's birth was promised early on in the novel it isn't revealed until its climax and it took me totally by surprise. The ending has the feel of fairy tale to it because “they all lived happily ever after.”

Overall, 'Tom Jones' is a lengthy but relatively light read. It is straightforward and easier to understand than some classics and made me smile at times. I particularly liked Squire Western's character whom I found rather comical however, I also found it a little repetitive at times, hence my rating, but I'm glad that I've finally read it.
… (mer)
PilgrimJess | 95 andra recensioner | Aug 30, 2023 |
Aivan uskomattoman hienoa kieltä, kirjailijalla ja suomentajalla on koko ajan pilke silmäkulmassa, mutta huumori on niin hienovaraista ja tyylikästä etten keksi toista yhtä hyvin tehtyä opusta. Juonikin on ihan hyvä, joten kirjasta tuli kyllä yksi kaikkien aikojen suosikeistani! Täydellistä!
KirjaJussi | 95 andra recensioner | Jul 21, 2023 |
Be tendious for me. I did like the style of writing, the story was boring.
vdt_melbourne | 95 andra recensioner | Jul 16, 2023 |


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Associerade författare

Janet McAlpin Retold by
Edward Gibbon Contributor
Joseph Butler Contributor
George Whitefield Contributor
David Hume Contributor
John Toland Contributor
Voltaire Contributor
Adam Smith Contributor
Samuel Johnson Contributor
François Quesnai Contributor
Kenneth Hopkins Introduction (Tom Jones), Introduction
Derrick Harris Illustrator (Joseph Andrews, Tom Jones)
Martin Horder Introduction (Amelia)
Frank Martin Illustrator (Jonathan Wild)
Simon Brett Cover Designer (all); Illustrator (Amelia)
Harry Diamond Illustrator
Justin Rainey Activities by
James Butler Adapted by
Claude Rawson Introduction
Tom Keymer Introduction, Editor
Ralph H. Singleton Introduction
Pina Sergi Translator
Siegfried Lang Translator
Louis Kronenberger Introduction
Frank Kermode Afterword
Marja Alopaeus Translator
Edward Gorey Cover designer
T. M. Cleland Illustrator
Warren Chappell Illustrator
Fritz Göttler Afterword
Rufus Sewell Narrator
Maynard Mack Introduction
J H Plumb Foreword
Hugh Amory Editor
Daniela Fink Translator
George Cruikshank Cover artist
A. R. Humphreys Introduction
John M. Bullitt Introduction


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