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E. M. Forster (1879–1970)

Författare till En färd till Indien

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Om författaren

Edward Morgan Forster was born on January 1, 1879, in London, England. He never knew his father, who died when Forster was an infant. Forster graduated from King's College, Cambridge, with B.A. degrees in classics (1900) and history (1901), as well as an M.A. (1910). In the mid-1940s he returned to visa mer Cambridge as a professor, living quietly there until his death in 1970. Forster was named to the Order of Companions of Honor to the Queen in 1953. Forster's writing was extensively influenced by the traveling he did in the earlier part of his life. After graduating from Cambridge, he lived in both Greece and Italy, and used the latter as the setting for the novels Where Angels Fear to Tread (1905) and A Room with a View (1908). The Longest Journey was published in 1907. Howard's End was modeled on the house he lived in with his mother during his childhood. During World War I, he worked as a Red Cross Volunteer in Alexandria, aiding in the search for missing soldiers; he later wrote about these experiences in the nonfiction works Alexandria: A History and Guide and Pharos and Pharillon. His two journeys to India, in 1912 and 1922, resulted in A Passage to India (1924), which many consider to be Forster's best work; this title earned the James Tait Black Memorial Prize. Forster wrote only six novels, all prior to 1925 (although Maurice was not published until 1971, a year after Forster's death, probably because of its homosexual theme). For much of the rest of his life, he wrote literary criticism (Aspects of the Novel) and nonfiction, including biographies (Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson), histories, political pieces, and radio broadcasts. Howard's End, A Room with a View, and A Passage to India have all been made into successful films. (Bowker Author Biography) visa färre
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Verk av E. M. Forster

En färd till Indien (1924) 12,209 exemplar
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Two Cheers for Democracy (1938) 286 exemplar
Abinger Harvest (1936) 242 exemplar
A Room with a View [1985 film] (1985) — Novel — 239 exemplar
The Hill of Devi (1953) 195 exemplar
Howards End [1992 film] (1992) — Original novel — 133 exemplar
Original Letters from India (1986) — Redaktör — 123 exemplar
Pharos and Pharillon (1923) 106 exemplar
Commonplace Book (1978) 86 exemplar
Arctic Summer (1980) 84 exemplar
Great Novels of E.M. Forster (1992) 67 exemplar
100 Eternal Masterpieces of Literature - volume 1 (2017) — Bidragsgivare — 54 exemplar
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The Obelisk (2009) 40 exemplar
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Allmänna fakta

Namn enligt folkbokföringen
Forster, Edward Morgan
Canley Garden Cemetery and Crematorium, Canley, Warwickshire, England, UK
Land (för karta)
Marylebone, London, England, UK
Coventry, England, UK
London, England, UK
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, UK
Alexandria, Egypt
Dewas, Madhya Pradesh, India
Weybridge, Surrey, England, UK
Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England, UK
Cambridge University (King's College | BA | Classics, 1900 | History, 1901 | MA|1910)
Tonbridge School, Kent, England, UK
von Arnim, Elizabeth (employer)
Buckingham, Bob (friend)
Ackerley, Joe (friend)
Reid, Forrest (friend)
American Academy of Arts and Letters (Foreign Honorary ∙ Literature ∙ 1949)
Bloomsbury Group
Cambridge Apostles
International Red Cross
Priser och utmärkelser
Royal Society of Literature Benson Medal (1937)
Honorary Fellowship, King's College, Cambridge
Order of Merit (1969)
Royal Society of Literature Companion of Literature
Kort biografi
Edward Morgan Forster (1 January 1879 – 7 June 1970) was an English novelist, short story writer, essayist and librettist. Many of his novels examine class difference and hypocrisy, including A Room with a View (1908), Howards End (1910) and A Passage to India (1924). The last brought him his greatest success. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 16 different years.

Forster, born at 6 Melcombe Place, Dorset Square, London NW1, a building no longer standing, was the only child of the Anglo-Irish Alice Clara "Lily" (née Whichelo) and a Welsh architect, Edward Morgan Llewellyn Forster. He was registered as Henry Morgan Forster, but accidentally baptised Edward Morgan Forster. His father died of tuberculosis on 30 October 1880 before Morgan's second birthday. In 1883, he and his mother moved to Rooks Nest, near Stevenage, Hertfordshire until 1893. This served as a model for Howards End in his novel of that name. It is listed Grade I for historic interest and literary associations. He had fond memories of his childhood there.

Among Forster's ancestors were members of the Clapham Sect, a social reform group within the Church of England. Forster inherited £8,000 in trust (the equivalent of about £990,000 in 2017) from his paternal great-aunt Marianne Thornton (daughter of the abolitionist Henry Thornton), who died on 5 November 1887. The money was enough to live on and enabled him to become a writer. He attended as a day boy Tonbridge School in Kent, where the school theatre has been named in his honour, although he is known to have been unhappy there.

At King's College, Cambridge, between 1897 and 1901, he became a member of a discussion society known as the Apostles (formally named the Cambridge Conversazione Society). They met in secret, and discussed their work on philosophical and moral questions. Many of its members went on to constitute what came to be known as the Bloomsbury Group, of which Forster was a member in the 1910s and 1920s. There is a famous recreation of Forster's Cambridge at the beginning of The Longest Journey. The Schlegel sisters of Howards End are based to some degree on Vanessa and Virginia Stephen.

Forster was gay. In 1906 he fell in love with Syed Ross Masood, a 17-year-old Indian future Oxford student he tutored in Latin. Masood had a more romantic, poetic view of friendship, confusing Forster with avowals of love.

After leaving university, he travelled in continental Europe with his mother. They moved to Weybridge, Surrey, where he wrote all six of his novels. In 1914, he visited Egypt, Germany and India with the classicist Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson, by which time he had written all but one of his novels. As a conscientious objector in the First World War, Forster served as a Chief Searcher (for missing servicemen) for the British Red Cross in Alexandria, Egypt. Though conscious of his repressed desires, it was only at this time, while stationed in Egypt, that he "lost his R [respectability]" to a wounded soldier in 1917.

Forster spent a second spell in India in the early 1920s as private secretary to Tukojirao III, Maharajah of Dewas. The Hill of Devi is his non-fictional account of this period. After returning to London from India, he completed the last novel of his to be published in his lifetime, A Passage to India (1924), for which he won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction. He also edited the letters of Eliza Fay (1756–1816) from India, in an edition first published in 1925. In 2012, Tim Leggatt, who knew Forster for his last 15 years, wrote a memoir using unpublished correspondence with him dating from those years.



THE DEEP ONES: "The Story of a Panic" by E. M. Forster i The Weird Tradition (december 2021)
E. M. Forster i Legacy Libraries (juni 2016)
A Room with a View i Made into a Movie (januari 2016)
Rebel Read: Aspects of the Novel i Le Salon Littéraire du Peuple pour le Peuple (februari 2014)


En riktig fullpoängare. Språket helt underbart. Man kan se och känna att man befinner mitt i berättelsen. Den härliga miljön kring Howards End kommer till liv och blir så verklig att man tror det finns på riktigt.
Jag har inte sett filmen Howards End och jag är inte så säker att jag vill se den nu efter att ha läst boken. Jag skulle säkert bli besviken på att den inte alls är som den film som spelats upp i mitt huvud under dessa dagar då jag varit djupt försjunken i boken.
Jag vill varmt rekommendera denna bok.
… (mer)
pelo75 | 127 andra recensioner | Jan 3, 2017 |
Edward Morgan Forster är en författare av vad som med ett översättningslån kan kallas mindre klassiker: böcker som förvisso läses och uppskattas, men inte i sådan grad att en person som inte hört talas om dem i allmänhet kan beskyllas för okunnighet. De senaste åren har han upplevt en mindre renässans, baserad på flera filmer baserade på hans böcker. En av de bättre av dessa skall vara Ett rum med utsikt, en roman av typen mest tycks stå och stampa för att helt plötsligt explodera i en enda scen som kastar ett förklaringens ljus på allt som tidigare skett.

Huvudperson är den unga Lucy Honeychurch, som under det tidiga 1900-talet är på resa i Italien med hennes äldre, högljutt självuppoffrande kusin som förkläde. Trots dennas försök att hindra det hamnar dock Lucy flera gånger i sällskap med de märkliga herrarna Emerson, en far och son som uppträder avigt men i grunden förefaller godhjärtade. Efter återkomsten från Italien förlovar hon sig med den arrogante och lätt uppblåste Cecil Vyse, en annan ung man hon träffat därnere, men finner att hon hela tiden måste tumma på sanningen för att dölja att unge George Emerson en dag närmast råkade kyssa henne. Kyssen i sig var väl inte så mycket att hetsa upp sig över, men härvan av halvlögner och undanhållanden blir med tiden självgenererande och allt svårare att hålla sig undan .

Som sagt är det inte förrän det hela är över som man egentligen kan få en klar bild av vad som hänt, och fram till dess är det en ganska undanglidande och ibland svårförståelig historia (det italienska pensionatet är fyllt med engelska möer och präster som är tämligen svåra att greppa och hålla isär, och författaren måste ibland själv förklara deras personlighet för att det skall bli någon ordning på det hela). Det som får en att fortsätta läsa är inte heller så mycket gestalterna som de små ironiska kommentarer berättaren kommer med: över turister och deras guideböcker likväl som de fast boende utbölingarnas tro på att de blivit en del av samhället. Ibland vänder sig författaren direkt till läsaren och kommenterar skeendet och personerna på ett sätt som man önskar fler kunde kosta på sig.

Ett rum med utsikt är inte en stor klassiker, och kommer troligen aldrig bli det. Det var heller inte en bok jag fastnade i, utan att jag kan komma på något direkt att lasta den alltför hårt för. Inte ens hanteringen av dess svåremotsagda men ickebanala budskap kändes som det blev alltför predikande. Jag finner mig alltså helt ur stånd att ge någon som helst rekommendation gällande dess läsning: jag kan mycket väl tänka mig att det finns såväl de som finner den helt oläslig liksom de som kommer höja den till skyarna. Verkar den intressant så läs den för allt i världen, gör den inte det så undvik den i förvissning om att detta inte är någon enorm förlust.
… (mer)
1 rösta
andejons | 217 andra recensioner | Mar 25, 2010 |


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