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André Gide (1869–1951)

Författare till Den omoraliske

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Om författaren

Gide, the reflective rebel against bourgeois morality and one of the most important and controversial figures in modern European literature, published his first book anonymously at the age of 18. Gide was born in Paris, the only child of a law professor and a strict Calvinist mother. As a young visa mer man, he was an ardent member of the symbolist group, but the style of his later work is more in the tradition of classicism. Much of his work is autobiographical, and the story of his youth and early adult years and the discovery of his own sexual tendencies is related in Si le grain ne meurt (If it die . . .) (1926). Corydon (1923) deals with the question of homosexuality openly. Gide's reflections on life and literature are contained in his Journals (1954), which span the years 1889--1949. He was a founder of the influential Nouvelle Revue Francaise, in which the works of many prominent modern European authors appeared, and he remained a director until 1941. He resigned when the journal passed into the hands of the collaborationists. Gide's sympathies with communism prompted him to travel to Russia, where he found the realities of Soviet life less attractive than he had imagined. His accounts of his disillusionment were published as Return from the U.S.S.R. (1937) and Afterthoughts from the U.S.S.R. (1938). Always preoccupied with freedom, a champion of the oppressed and a skeptic, he remained an incredibly youthful spirit. Gide himself classified his fiction into three categories: satirical tales with elements of farce like Les Caves du Vatican (Lafcadio's Adventures) (1914), which he termed soties; ironic stories narrated in the first person like The Immoralist (1902) and Strait Is the Gate (1909), which he called recits; and a more complex narrative related from a multifaceted point of view, which he called a roman (novel). The only example of the last category that he published was The Counterfeiters (1926). Throughout his career, Gide maintained an extensive correspondence with such noted figures as Valery, Claudel, Rilke, and others. In 1947, he received the Nobel Prize for Literature. (Bowker Author Biography) visa färre


Verk av André Gide

Den omoraliske (1902) 3,319 exemplar
Falskmyntarna (1925) 1,383 exemplar
Vatikanens källare (1914) 1,369 exemplar
Den trånga porten : roman (1924) 1,361 exemplar
Pastoralsymfonien (1919) 1,061 exemplar
The Counterfeiters / Journal of The Counterfeiters (1925) — Författare — 858 exemplar
Om icke vetekornet dör (1920) — Författare — 513 exemplar
Jordisk föda (1897) — Författare — 460 exemplar
Corydon (1920) — Författare — 344 exemplar
Two Symphonies (1911) — Författare — 295 exemplar
Marshlands (1895) — Författare — 209 exemplar
Journals: 1889-1949 (1956) 175 exemplar
Isabelle (1911) — Författare — 163 exemplar
Travels in the Congo (1927) — Författare — 153 exemplar
Dostoevsky (1923) — Författare — 124 exemplar
Madeleine (1947) — Författare — 111 exemplar
Two Legends: Oedipus and Theseus (1931) — Författare — 107 exemplar
L'école des femmes (1929) — Författare — 105 exemplar
The journals of André Gide. Vol 1/2 : 1889-1924 (1948) — Författare — 101 exemplar
Oscar Wilde: A Biography (1910) — Författare — 96 exemplar
Theseus (1946) — Författare — 93 exemplar
Urien's voyage (1893) — Författare — 85 exemplar
Äktenskapsskolan (1929) — Författare — 73 exemplar
Amyntas: North African Journals (1906) — Författare — 71 exemplar
The journals of André Gide. Vol 4/4 : 1939-1949 (1954) — Författare — 62 exemplar
Le Prométhée mal enchaîné (1899) — Författare — 59 exemplar
Retour de l'U.R.S.S (1936) — Författare — 57 exemplar
Gide. Anthologie de la poésie française (La Pléiade) (1949) — Redaktör; Förord, vissa utgåvor56 exemplar
Journal of the Counterfeiters (1927) — Författare — 53 exemplar
Voyage au Congo (1927) — Författare — 52 exemplar
The Return of the Prodigal Son (1907) — Författare — 51 exemplar
Notes on Chopin (1931) — Författare — 51 exemplar
Strait is the Gate / The Vatican Cellars (1909) — Författare — 48 exemplar
The living thoughts of Montaigne (1929) — Författare — 48 exemplar
Journal 1889-1939 (1939) — Författare — 47 exemplar
Imaginary Interviews (1941) — Författare — 45 exemplar
The Trial (1948) — Författare — 45 exemplar
Pretexts; reflections on literature and morality (1903) — Författare — 44 exemplar
André Gide : Romans - Récits et Soties - Oeuvres lyriques (1958) — Författare — 44 exemplar
Notebooks of Andre Walter (1891) — Författare — 42 exemplar
Autumn Leaves (1949) — Författare — 41 exemplar
So be it; or, The chips are down (1946) — Författare — 38 exemplar
Souvenirs de la cour d'assises (1914) — Författare — 37 exemplar
The Correspondence Between Paul Claudel and Andre Gide (1948) — Författare — 32 exemplar
The White Notebook (1964) 32 exemplar
Marshlands and Prometheus Misbound (1953) — Författare — 27 exemplar
Retour de l'URSS. Retouches à mon "Retour de l'URSS" (1936) — Författare — 27 exemplar
Diario (1999) 25 exemplar
Le Ramier (1907) — Författare — 22 exemplar
Saül : Drame en cinq actes (1903) — Författare — 17 exemplar
La sequestree de poitiers / l'affaire redureau (1930) — Författare — 17 exemplar
The confined woman of Poitiers (1930) 17 exemplar
The Andre Gide reader (1971) 17 exemplar
Gide : Oedipe - Cocteau : La machine infernale (1968) — Författare — 15 exemplar
Les nouvelles nourritures (1936) — Författare — 15 exemplar
Gide. Souvenirs et voyages (La Pléiade) (2001) — Författare — 14 exemplar
Journal, 1939-1942 (1942) — Författare — 13 exemplar
Judge not (1914) — Författare — 13 exemplar
Il caso Redureau (1930) — Författare — 13 exemplar
Sämtliche Erzählungen (1965) 11 exemplar
André Gide, Paul Valéry. Correspondance, 1890-1942 (1955) — Författare — 11 exemplar
LA GUIRLANDE DES ANNES (1941) — Författare — 10 exemplar
Théâtre (1901) 10 exemplar
Retouches à mon Retour de l'U.R.S.S (1937) — Författare — 9 exemplar
De l'influence en littérature (1900) — Författare — 8 exemplar
Incidences (1924) — Författare — 8 exemplar
Robert (1930) — Författare — 7 exemplar
Oedipe (1930) — Författare — 7 exemplar
Gide : Essais critiques (1999) — Författare — 7 exemplar
Journal, 1942-1949 (1950) — Författare — 6 exemplar
Romanzi 6 exemplar
Geneviève (1936) — Författare — 5 exemplar
My theater. Five plays and an essay (1934) — Författare — 5 exemplar
Le grincheux (2001) 5 exemplar
Caro maestro, caro Simenon (1977) 4 exemplar
André Gide, Jacques Rivière. Correspondance, 1909-1925 (1998) — Författare — 4 exemplar
Pages choisies (1954) — Författare — 4 exemplar
The Pastoral Symphony | The Return of the Prodigal Son (1907) — Författare — 4 exemplar
André Gide, Marc Allégret, Correspondance, 1917-1949 (2005) — Författare — 4 exemplar
Diario 1887-1910 (2021) 4 exemplar
Kitsas uks ; Valerahategijad ; Theseus (1909) — Författare — 4 exemplar
Pages de journal (1929-1932) (1934) — Författare — 4 exemplar
André Gide, Francis Jammes. Correspondance, 1893-1938 (1948) — Författare — 3 exemplar
Poussin (2010) 3 exemplar
Gertrude 3 exemplar
Paludi-I nutrimenti terrestri (1895) — Författare — 3 exemplar
Le traité du narcisse suivi de la tentative amoureuse (1891) — Författare — 3 exemplar
Romane und lyrische Prosa (1973) 3 exemplar
André Gide, François Mauriac. Correspondance, 1912-1950 (1971) — Författare — 3 exemplar
Opere 3 exemplar
Correspondance André Gide, Roger Martin du Gard 1913-1934 (1968) — Författare — 2 exemplar
André Gide, Léon Blum. Correspondance, 1890-1950 (2008) — Författare — 2 exemplar
Erzählungen 2 exemplar
Diario 1926-1935 (2022) 2 exemplar
Diario 1936-1950 (2022) 2 exemplar
Coffret Gide Journal 2v (2022) 2 exemplar
Günlük (1997) 2 exemplar
El Hadj (1897) — Författare — 2 exemplar
André Gide, Albert Mockel. Correspondance, 1891-1938 (1975) — Författare — 2 exemplar
Deux interviews imaginaires suivis de feuillets (1947) — Författare — 2 exemplar
André Gide, Christian Beck. Correspondance (1994) — Författare — 2 exemplar
Diario 1911-1915 (2021) — Författare — 2 exemplar
Fatti di Cronaca (1994) 2 exemplar
André Gide, André Rouveyre. Correspondance, 1909-1951 (1967) — Författare — 2 exemplar
Découvrons Henri Michaux (1941) — Författare — 2 exemplar
Numquid et tu? 2 exemplar
André Gide, Jacques Schiffrin, Correspondance, 1922-1950 (2005) — Författare — 2 exemplar
Le roi Candaule (1901) — Författare — 2 exemplar
Perséphone (1949) — Författare — 2 exemplar
PAGES DE JOURNAL 1939 - 1941 (1944) 2 exemplar
André Gide, Jacques Malaquais. Correspondance, 1935-1950 (2000) — Författare — 2 exemplar
Gide André 2 exemplar
Obras Escogidas 1 exemplar
Attendu que 1 exemplar
Diarios 1911-1925 1 exemplar
Philoctète et Thésée (1898) — Författare — 1 exemplar
Tagebcher — Författare — 1 exemplar
Recits, Roman, Soties (1948) 1 exemplar
LES DEMI-DIEUX: Poussin (1945) 1 exemplar
Le Treizième Arbre (1935) — Författare — 1 exemplar
Dziennik (1992) 1 exemplar
Prem Aur Prakash 1 exemplar
De nieuwe spijzen 1 exemplar
Self portraits 1 exemplar
Storia di Pierrette (2010) 1 exemplar
Se il grano non muore: 1 (2017) 1 exemplar
André Gide, André Suarès. Correspondance, 1908-1920 (1963) — Författare — 1 exemplar
Le Traité du Narcisse (1892) 1 exemplar
André Gide, Valery Larbaud. Correspondance, 1905-1938 (1989) — Författare — 1 exemplar
Povodi i odjeci (1926) 1 exemplar
Poesie 1 exemplar
Bathseba ; dramatisches Gedicht in drei Monologen (1908) — Författare — 1 exemplar
Rencontres 1 exemplar
La tentative amoureuse ou Le traité du vain désir (1893) — Författare — 1 exemplar
André Gide, Maurice Denis, Correspondance, 1892-1945 (2006) — Författare — 1 exemplar
Pântanos 1 exemplar
André Gide, Arnold Bennett. Correspondance, 1911-1931 (1964) — Författare — 1 exemplar
Dindiki. 1 exemplar
La Comtesse (1999) 1 exemplar
André Gide, Aline Mayrisch. Correspondance, 1903-1946 (2003) — Författare — 1 exemplar
Correspondance avec sa mère, 1880-1895 (1988) — Författare — 1 exemplar
Trozos Escogidos (1921) 1 exemplar
MORCEAUX CHOISIS. (1921) 1 exemplar
The Counterfeiters [extracts] (1925) — Författare — 1 exemplar
Hyrden 1 exemplar

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A World of Great Stories (1947) 258 exemplar
The Penguin Book of International Gay Writing (1995) — Bidragsgivare — 177 exemplar
The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature (1998) — Bidragsgivare — 158 exemplar
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The Shot (1831) — Översättare, vissa utgåvor36 exemplar
rororo Monographien, Nr.4, Antoine de Saint-Exupery (1956) — Bidragsgivare, vissa utgåvor35 exemplar
Edouard Vuillard, 1868-1940 (1971) — Bidragsgivare — 35 exemplar
The Snowstorm (1983) — Översättare, vissa utgåvor35 exemplar
The Vintage Book of Classic Crime (1993) — Bidragsgivare — 33 exemplar
The Penguin Book of Twentieth-Century Protest (1998) — Bidragsgivare — 31 exemplar
Der Postmeister (1955) — Översättare, vissa utgåvor28 exemplar
Ten Modern Short Novels (1958) — Bidragsgivare — 26 exemplar
Oscar Wilde: A Collection of Critical Essays (1969) — Bidragsgivare — 26 exemplar
Great Short Novels of the World (1927) — Bidragsgivare — 15 exemplar
Shakespeare : Oeuvres complètes, tome 2 : Roméo et Juliette (1959) — Översättare, vissa utgåvor; Avant-propos, vissa utgåvor15 exemplar
Les Faux Monnayeurs - d'André Gide (Profil D'Une Oeuvre) (1970) — Bidragsgivare — 7 exemplar
Das Simenon-Lesebuch (2002) — Bidragsgivare — 6 exemplar
André Gide's The Immoralist: A Play — Författare — 5 exemplar
American Aphrodite (Volume Three, Number Twelve) (1953) — Bidragsgivare — 4 exemplar
Pléiade: Goethe: Théâtre complet (1942) — Förord, vissa utgåvor3 exemplar
Nouvelles — Översättare, vissa utgåvor2 exemplar
Théâtre complet. Avant-propos d'André Gide (1938) — Förord, vissa utgåvor; Översättare, vissa utgåvor1 exemplar
フランス短篇24 (現代の世界文学) (1989) — Bidragsgivare — 1 exemplar


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Allmänna fakta



This is a difficult story to appreciate today, removed from its original context. Alissa and Jerome love each other, and Alissa's sister Juliette also loves Jerome. Oh, and they're first cousins who grew up around each other. Alissa tries to give Jerome up to her sister, but Juliette matches the sacrifice by immediately marrying some random guy who appeared on the scene in order to remove herself from the picture.

Alissa though continues and takes to a far extreme her self-sacrifice. She has the idea that human love is vastly inferior to love of God and that it indeed gets in the way.
"What can the soul prefer to happiness?" I cried, impetuously. She whispered: "Holiness..."
She tells Jerome:
"In the first moments of your stay at Fongueusemare it was astonishment that I felt - soon after it was uneasiness - at the strange contentment that filled my whole being in your presence; 'a contentment so great,' you said, 'that I desire nothing beyond!' Alas! that is just what makes me uneasy... 'If it did not suffice, it would not be happiness,' you said, do you remember? And I did not know what to answer. No, Jerome, it does not suffice us. Jerome, it must not suffice us. I cannot take this delicious contentment for the true one... We were born for a happiness other than that..."
In the name of this love of God, she continually pushes Jerome away, renouncing human love and happiness. Having renounced earthly pleasure, she naturally wastes away and dies, though only about in her late twenties. Jerome is given her diary after her death, in which she writes that she loves him so much that she has failed to love God more. Despairing, she resolved to help Jerome reach that height of religious virtue that she was unable to reach herself by making it so he could not love her any longer.
Alas! I understand now only too well: between God and him there is no other obstacle but myself. If perhaps, as he says, his love for me at first inclined him to God, now that very love hinders him; he lingers with me, prefers me, and I am become the idol that keeps him back from making further progress in virtue. One of us two must needs attain to it; and as I despair of overcoming the love in my coward heart, grant me, my God, vouchsafe me strength to teach him to love me no longer, so that at the cost of my merits I may bring Thee his, which are so infinitely preferable... Was he not born for something better than to love me?
The cost of her unasked for sacrifice is soon her death, and the last line she writes is, "I should like to die now, quickly, before again realising that I am alone." As a final twist of the knife, Gide has Jerome visit Juliette ten years after Alissa's death, Juliette with 5 children now, and he tells her that he will not love another woman for the rest of his life. She asks him,
"Then you think that one can keep a hopeless love in one's heart for so long as that? And that life can breathe upon it every day, without extinguishing it?"
She puts her hands to her face and begins to cry, and we cannot doubt it is her own love for Jerome of which she was speaking. Lord a'mighty.

Though today we idealize and elevate romantic love, and the deists among us seemingly naturally place God's blessing upon it, this was not always the case. Among the turn of the twentieth century Protestants in northern France, apparently, romantic love and love of God were sometimes seen as rivals, or at least in tension with each other. Gide wrote this novel as a cautionary tale, to explore the taking of this attitude to the extreme. It is a twin tale to his novel The Immoralist, where Michel pursues the opposite extreme of earthly pleasure, also to disaster.

It was also a shot at his wife's tendencies, with whom the homosexual Gide had an unconsummated relationship. His wife who was also his cousin. While The Immoralist, in which a married homosexual man is attracted to Arab boys, is a shot at his own.
… (mer)
lelandleslie | 22 andra recensioner | Feb 24, 2024 |
A museum piece. Not one of those that draws the crowds, either; more of a worthy but kind of dull, really, Velazquez.

A companion to Gide's [b:Strait is the Gate|469406|Strait is the Gate (La Porte Etroite)|André Gide||702632], in which he explores the dangers of over-religiosity, in The Immoralist he explores the dangers of rejecting the conventional moral life and trying to live for immediate aesthetic and sensual pleasures. Well, kind of. The life Michel leads here is still fairly conventional, even edging on moral, despite his lofty rhetoric otherwise. He just doesn't do much to impress the reader that he's in fact living out his stated aims and rejecting convention.

Which gets to what this story is perhaps really about: repressed homosexuality. I have to take issue with the book description where it states the book is "a frank defense of homosexuality". It is nothing of the kind. In regards to Michel's homosexuality, it is the opposite of frank. It is subtle enough that it apparently went almost totally unnoticed at the time of its publication. Furthermore it is not a defense; Michel is a mostly unsympathetic character, he treats his devoted (painfully so) wife rather appallingly, and as Gide writes in his preface to a later edition of the work, "If I had intended my hero as an example, it must be granted I did anything but succeed." Indeed, I can't imagine anyone thinking at the end of this story, "Man, that Michel, what a great guy."

It may be said this book is an illustration of the torments and harm that can come about through the individual repressing such an elementary, necessary part of him or herself. A repression that can be blamed on society's restrictive conception of what is proper and moral, to be sure. Even when the individual tries to live in a way more true to himself, it may still prove difficult.

The Immoralist may then be more a condemnation of narrow-minded society that produces tormented men like Michel, than of Michel's transgressive actions, or a defense of such a man produced by such a society.

Which all may make the book sound like an entertaining read, but I assure you, the ideas behind the book are more interesting than the book's execution.
… (mer)
lelandleslie | 45 andra recensioner | Feb 24, 2024 |
AnkaraLibrary | Feb 23, 2024 |
A 9 month river and overland trek up one river in the Congo (border of Cameroon and what is now the Central African Republic of the Congo) to Lake Chad and down another to the Cameroon-Nigerian border on the Atlantic in 1924-1925. Part film documentary, part hunting trip, part biological collecting, part investigative work commissioned by the French government AG sucked it up and did what white men used to do back in the day. Went on an extended safari. Describes the weather (heat and tornados) the landscape (rivers, canyons, lakes, mountains), sicknesses, foods, and some of the characters and situations they meet. Would not have been printed today for the condescending attitudes towards the natives but was probably enlightened for its time. AG made numerous complaints about companies and mistreatment of the natives. Not alot of fear of large animals though for sure a fear of fever, tse tses, and malaria.… (mer)
JBreedlove | 1 annan recension | Dec 3, 2023 |



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Associerade författare

Dorothy Bussy Translator, Author
Robert Mallet Editor, Introduction, Préface, Notes
Marc Allégret Author, Photographer
Colette Author
Jacques Schiffrin Editor, Author
Léon Blum Author
Ruth Goetz Playwright
Augustus Goetz Playwright
Louise O. Fresco Introduction
Oscar Wilde Contributor
Franz Kafka Contributor
Daniël de Lange Translator
Jeff Last Translator
William S. Bell Introduction and Notes
Michel Rodde Illustrator
Kjell Strömberg Introduction
Marc Beigbeder Contributor
Antonio Frasconi Cover designer
Richard Howard Translator
Justin O'Brien Translator, Editor
David Watson Translator
Theo Kurpershoek Cover designer
H. Marsman Translator
Edward Gorey Cover artist
Ivo Hristov Translator
A.H. Nijhoff Translator
Harry Visser Translator
Carmen Castro Translator
Pierre Masson Editor, Author
Jef Last Translator
Eric Plooy Translator
Arnold Bennett Introduction
Martine Sagaert Editor, Contributor
John Russell Translator
Andrew Brown Translator
Percival Pollard Translator
David H. Walker Contributor, Postface
Wade Baskin Translator
Brian Aldiss Translator
Martti Anhava Translator
Malcolm Cowley Translator
Leon Katz Translator
Gertrud Müller Translator
Maurice Nadeau Introduction
John Florio Translator
F.J. de Jong Translator
Catherine Gide Avant-propos
Eric Marty Editor
Françoise Lioure Editor, Introduction
Samuel Putnam Translator
Jean Tipy Editor
Stuart Barr Collaboration
Pierre Lachasse Editor, Introduction
Jean d'Ormesson Présentation
Henri Thomas Preface
Claire Denis Collaboration à l'édition
Alain Goulet Contributor
André Schiffrin Avant-propos
June Guicharnaud Translator
Kevin O'Neill Collaboration
Claude Sicard Introduction
Daniel Durosay Contributor
Jean Delay Editor, Introduction
Céline Dhérin Contributor
Jean Claude Editor, Contributor


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