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Erving Goffman (1922–1982)

Författare till Jaget och maskerna : en studie i vardagslivets dramatik

28+ verk 5,399 medlemmar 35 recensioner 8 favoritmärkta

Om författaren

Erving Goffman, an American sociologist, received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. He is known for his distinctive method of research and writing. He was concerned with defining and uncovering the rules that govern social behavior down to the minutest details. He contributed to visa mer interactionist theory by developing what he called the "dramaturgical approach," according to which behavior is seen as a series of mini-dramas. Goffman studied social interaction by observing it himself---no questionnaires, no research assistants, no experiments. The title of his first book, The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (1959), became one of the themes of all of his subsequent research. He also observed and wrote about the social environment in which people live, as in his Total Institutions. He taught his version of sociology at the University of Pennsylvania; he died in 1983, the year in which he served as president of the American Sociological Association. (Bowker Author Biography) visa färre
Foto taget av: American Sociological Association

Verk av Erving Goffman

Jaget och maskerna : en studie i vardagslivets dramatik (1959) 2,015 exemplar, 16 recensioner
Stigma : den avvikandes roll och identitet (1963) 966 exemplar, 12 recensioner
Relations in Public (1971) 149 exemplar
Gender Advertisements (1979) 99 exemplar
Strategic Interaction (1970) 86 exemplar
La Nouvelle communication (1981) 35 exemplar
L'arrangement des sexes (2002) 11 exemplar
Les Moments et leurs hommes (1988) 8 exemplar

Associerade verk

The Disability Studies Reader (1994) — Bidragsgivare, vissa utgåvor173 exemplar, 1 recension
Language and Social Context: Selected Readings (1972) — Bidragsgivare — 150 exemplar, 3 recensioner
The Sociology of Risk and Gambling Reader (2006) — Bidragsgivare — 6 exemplar

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"In breve, poiché la realtà che interessa l'individuo è al momento imperscrutabile, bisogna che egli faccia affidamento sulle apparenze. E, paradossalmente, più l'individuo dà importanza alla realtà che non è percepibile, e più deve concentrare la sua attenzione sulle apparenze.
L'individuo tende a trattare i presenti sulla base delle impressioni che essi in quel momento danno per ciò che riguarda il loro comportamento passato e futuro. Perciò gli atti di comunicazione si traducono in atti morali. Le impressioni date agli altri tendono a essere trattate come pretese e promesse implicite e le pretese e le promesse tendono ad avere un carattere morale."
… (mer)
 
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Anshin | 15 andra recensioner | Dec 31, 2023 |
Finished this while locked out of GR due to some no doubt well-intentioned addition of captcha software to the login process, so initial impressions were not captured.

This is not a scientific book, nor is it an analysis. As the title and introduction both indicate, these essays are notes or thoughts in response to Goffman's various readings on stigmatized individuals. These would be referred to as "marginalized" now, and 21st-century readers may take issue with some of the groups identified as such. That would miss the point, though: what Goffman has noticed is that the strategies for dealing with a stigma are similar across different communities or stigmas or what have you, and it is these strategies that interest him. What also intrigues him is the gradient nature of stigma, or as someone who spends too much time online might say, how stigma is a spectrum: the criteria that define the "normal" are very, very narrow, and every person is guaranteed to pass out of it at some point in their life (too young, too old, unemployed, etc). So in a very real sense, everybody is stigmatized at some point in their lives, and the stategies they have adopted for coping with this are similar to, or even learned from, those who are stimagtized for their entire lives.

It's a good book, worth reading. Other GR reviewers seem hung up on the fact that it's not written like a self-help book. Let's be honest: if you find this book to be dry or difficult reading , you're not going to make it very far past the sort of thing offered in airport newsstands. Goffman is readable, he makes a few amusing points some of which might be generously construed as "jokes", and he neatly summarizes information or episodes from multiple sources (synthesizes, as a friend used to describe it, and really that is what social scientists do). What Goffman does *not* do is start from a premise and work towards a definite conclusion, and this can make the book feel pointless or meandering: but as the title says, these are notes, not a Theory.
… (mer)
 
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mkfs | 11 andra recensioner | Aug 13, 2022 |
Goffman examines the issues surrounding social and personal identity of the stigmatized, and how this contrasts with, interacts with, and overlaps with the social and personal identity of the “normals”. The chapters take us through various relevant areas, including information control, personal identity, group alignment, ego identity, self and others, and deviance. Various stigmas are discussed throughout the book as examples, including mental health issues, criminal backgrounds, physical or cosmetic deformities, blindness, deafness, illiteracy, sexuality, and social and educational background.
Goffman had various theories that he brings into this work from other areas of his writings and researches, including the idea of “personas”, and the “dramaturgic approach” to social reality. The latter of which makes the analogy of being “on”, ie “on stage”, where we act a specific character that is not really us, when put in certain situations, and relax only into being our real selves when with others who we know well and trust to understand us. This may be for a number of reasons: the celebrity does it to retain a level of privacy around their personal identity and social relations and distance these from public consumption, the (potential) son in law does it to keep on-side with his in-laws, the employee does it to present himself favorably to his boss or colleagues, and of course here the stigmatized (or stigmatizable), discredited (or discreditable) do it to either hide their socially unaccepted feature (or history), in order to relieve social tensions and live an easier or more accepted life in public.

Goffman is an entertaining, clear, and engaging writer, who had interests in various areas of psychology, and I will be looking out for some of his other works in the future. What he makes clear here is that stigma is very much a spectrum, and few of us will go through our lives without ever being in a situation as some point where we are the stigmatised. Indeed it is very much relative on environment, and what makes us accepted in one place and time may very well be a stigma somewhere else. Appreciating this fact allows us to better understand the difficulties of those who are more obviously and continuously stigmatized, and the adaptations they have to make to their social interactions in order to manage their identity and social relations.
… (mer)
 
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P_S_Patrick | 11 andra recensioner | Apr 27, 2021 |
Våre arenaer, fasader, opptredener, inntrykk, roller. Alt det vi gir inntrykk av. Skillet mellom Sein und Schein eller sammenhengen mellom dem.
 
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lestrond | 15 andra recensioner | Apr 3, 2021 |

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Statistik

Verk
28
Även av
3
Medlemmar
5,399
Popularitet
#4,619
Betyg
4.0
Recensioner
35
ISBN
219
Språk
22
Favoritmärkt
8

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