Bild på författaren.

Chaim Grade (1910–1982)

Författare till Rabbis and Wives

24+ verk 521 medlemmar 4 recensioner 1 favoritmärkta

Om författaren

Grade was born in Vilna, Poland, where he received a thorough education in the talmudic academies of the region. He began writing poetry in 1932 and soon won literary recognition. He escaped the Nazi onslaught as a refugee in the Soviet Union, only to return to Poland after the war to find his visa mer mother and wife killed and his hometown destroyed. His later work, both poetry and prose, reflect the tragic Holocaust theme and is dedicated to the re-creation of a world that is no more. His characters are deeply rooted in Jewish tradition and the lore of his native land; his poetry is forceful and dramatic, with the pathos of national and personal tragedy. (Bowker Author Biography) visa färre
Foto taget av: Khaim Grade


Verk av Chaim Grade

Associerade verk

A Treasury of Yiddish Stories (1958) — Bidragsgivare — 345 exemplar


Allmänna fakta

Andra namn
גרדה, חיים
Граде, Хаим
Riverside Cemetery, Saddle Brook, New Jersey, USA
Russia (birth)
Vilnius, Lithuania
New York, New York, USA
Vilna, Russian Empire (birth | now Lithuania)
New York, New York, USA (death)
Paris, France
Central Asia
short-story writer
Yiddish writer
Holocaust survivor
Kaczerginski, Shmerke (friend)
Yung Vilne
Kort biografi
Chaim Grade was born to a Jewish family in Vilnius (Vilna), Lithuania, at that time part of the Russian Empire. His father Shlomo Mordecai Grade was a Hebrew teacher and an outspoken advocate of the European Jewish Enlightenment; his mother Vella sold fruit to help eke out a living for the family. Chaim received a strict religious education but also read secular books. In 1922, he gave up his studies and began publishing his stories and poems in Yiddish. During the early 1930s, he was among the founding members of the Yung-Vilne (Young Vilna) group of Modernist artists and writers. When Nazi Germany invaded Vilnius in World War II, he fled east and sought refuge in the Soviet Union. Both his young wife Frumme-Liebe and his mother, who had stayed behind, were killed. In 1945, he published Doyres (Generations), a collection of poems previously published and more recent poems about his lost family and friends. He remained in Soviet Central Asia until 1946, then lived briefly in Poland and Paris, where he helped revive Yiddish cultural life and become recognized as one of the defining voices of Holocaust literature. He married his second wife, Inna Hecker, and immigrated to the USA in 1948, settling in New York City. Among his acclaimed novels, the best known are probably The Agunah (1961) and The Yeshiva (2 vol., 1967–68). His 1951 short story "Mayn krig mit Hersh Raseyner" (My Quarrel with Hersh Rasseyner) was adapted into a 1991 Canadian film called The Quarrel and a play. In 1955, he published his memoirs, Der mames shabosim (My Mother’s Sabbath Days).



The Yeshiva draws on some of Chaim Grade's own experiences growing up in Lithuania and Poland between the wars in a story that crosses religious torment with vingettes of everyday life. The main character is Tsemakh Atlas, a scholar who fanatically follows the teachings of the Mussar movement (a Jewish ethical movement that focuses on removing all traces of sin from your thoughts and actions, rejecting comfort and pleasure, and [apparently] telling the truth to everyone even if they don't want to hear it). The problem, however, is that Tsemakh secretly doubts the existence of God and openly belittles close studying of the Torah, which is what pretty much everyone else thinks a good scholar should work on.

Grade paints a realistic and engrossing picture of Jewish life between the wars in the period where freethinking and secular movements were threatening the traditional way of life. In Tsemakh we have a man with horribly ordinary passions and doubts who takes pleasure in tormenting himself and generally alienates those around him. He is balanced by a whole host of scholars, villagers, families, and shopkeepers who spend their time just living their lives.

[full review of Volume 1 here: ]

[full review of Volume 2 here: ]
… (mer)
kristykay22 | 1 annan recension | Dec 7, 2009 |
These three short novellas are a perfect introduction to the life of eastern european Jews in the late 19th century, and a wonderful introduction to the Yiddish writer who, had he had the translators, would surely have gotten the Nobel prize instead of Singer (who is great, but just not Grade).
1 rösta
adavidow | Dec 17, 2007 |
When IB Singer got the Nobel Prize, Yiddishists were torn. This novel is the primary reason that many, myself included, thought that Chaim Grade deserved it instead. Grade's humanist realism recreates 19th century Jewish life, and the tale is universal in its detailing of the conflict between the high demands of fanatic fundamentalism and the weakness of being human. A friend who read this book recently adds that Grade's women are unusually well-drawn and real. I'd say that Grade's people are well-drawn and real. If "Rabbis and Wives" (3 short novellas) whets your appetite, this is the full meal. If only more Grade were translated....… (mer)
1 rösta
adavidow | 1 annan recension | Dec 17, 2007 |
Excellente description du ghetto de Wilna avec ses personnages hauts en couleur.
Aurait mérité le Prix Nobel, plus que Singer!
Chrisrom | Mar 19, 2007 |



Du skulle kanske också gilla

Associerade författare


Även av

Tabeller & diagram