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David Hume (1) (1711–1776)

Författare till An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

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David Hume was born in Edinburgh to a minor Scottish noble family, raised at the estate of Ninewells, and attended the University of Edinburgh for two years until he was 15. Although his family wished him to study law, he found himself unsuited to this. He studied at home, tried business briefly, visa mer and after receiving a small inheritance traveled to France, settling at La Fleche, where Descartes had gone to school. There he completed his first and major philosophical work, A Treatise of Human Nature (1739--40), published in three volumes. Hume claimed on the title page that he was introducing the experimental method of reasoning into moral subjects, and further that he was offering a new way of seeing the limits of human knowledge. Although his work was largely ignored, Hume gained from it a reputation as a philosophical skeptic and an opponent of traditional religion. (In later years he was called "the great infidel.") This reputation led to his being rejected for professorships at both Edinburgh and Glasgow. To earn his living he served variously as the secretary to General St. Clair, as the attendant to the mad Marquis of Annandale, and as the keeper of the Advocates Library in Edinburgh. While holding these positions, he wrote and published a new version of his philosophy, the two Enquiries, and many essays on social, political, moral, and literary subjects. He also began his six-volume History of England from the Roman Invasion to the Glorious Revolution (1754--62), the work that made him most famous in his lifetime. Hume retired from public life and settled in Edinburgh, where he was the leading figure in Scottish letters and a good friend to many of the leading intellectuals of the time, including Adam Smith and Benjamin Franklin. During this period, he completed the Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, which he had been working on for more than 25 years. Hume first worked on the Dialogues in the middle of his career, but put them aside as too provocative. In his last years he finished them and they were published posthumously in 1779. They are probably his best literary effort and have been the basis for continuous discussion and debate among philosophers of religion. Toward the end of Hume's life, his philosophical work began to be taken seriously, and the skeptical problems he had raised were tackled by philosophers in Scotland, France, and finally Germany, where Kant claimed that Hume had awakened him from his dogmatic slumbers. Hume was one of the most influential philosophers of modern times, both as a positive force on skeptical and empirical thinkers and as a philosopher to be refuted by others. Interpreters are still arguing about whether he should be seen as a complete skeptic, a partial skeptic, a precursor of logical positivism, or even a secret believer. (Bowker Author Biography) visa färre
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Verk av David Hume

Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (1779) — Författare — 2,008 exemplar
History of England (6 volumes) (1754) 305 exemplar
On Suicide (2005) 212 exemplar
The Natural History of Religion (1957) 181 exemplar
Hume Selections (1927) 145 exemplar
Hume: Political Essays (1953) 116 exemplar
Moral and Political Philosophy (1948) 102 exemplar
Hume on Religion (1963) 51 exemplar
Political Writings (1994) 48 exemplar
The philosophy of David Hume (1963) 42 exemplar
Moral Philosophy (2006) 37 exemplar
Writings on Economics (1955) 37 exemplar
The essential David Hume (1969) 34 exemplar
Essays (1963) 33 exemplar
Essential Works of David Hume (1965) 26 exemplar
L'entendement (1995) 19 exemplar
Del conocimiento (1984) 17 exemplar
New Letters of David Hume (1954) 15 exemplar
La morale (1997) 14 exemplar
Hume (1996) 14 exemplar
Obras econômicas (1996) 13 exemplar
My Own Life (1997) 13 exemplar
The letters of David Hume (1983) 11 exemplar
David Hume: 21 Works (2014) 11 exemplar
De uitgelezen Hume (2004) 11 exemplar
La regola del gusto (1946) 9 exemplar
Four dissertations (1757) 9 exemplar
Hume vida e obra (2000) 8 exemplar
Hume - Os Pensadores (2005) 8 exemplar
Essais esthétiques (2000) 7 exemplar
Etiske skrifter (1993) 6 exemplar
Discorsi politici (1959) 5 exemplar
Estetisk teori : en antologi (2008) 5 exemplar
Ma vie (2000) 5 exemplar
Political Discourses (2009) 4 exemplar
The David Hume Collection (2014) 4 exemplar
Din üstüne (2013) 4 exemplar
Opere filosofiche. Vol. IV (1987) 4 exemplar
De mi propia vida (2014) 4 exemplar
David Hume (2017) 3 exemplar
Hume: Theory of Politics (1951) 3 exemplar
Natura umana e conoscenza (1984) 3 exemplar
Opere (1971) 3 exemplar
Well-temper'd Eloquence (1996) 3 exemplar
Of Tragedy (1990) 3 exemplar
Hume (2000) 2 exemplar
Of the Original Contract (2016) 2 exemplar
Scritti morali (1970) 2 exemplar
A proposito di Rousseau (2017) 2 exemplar
Of the Liberty of the Press (2015) 2 exemplar
Essais sur l'art et le goût (2010) 2 exemplar
Works of David Hume (2008) 2 exemplar
David Hume összes esszéi (1992) 2 exemplar
David Hume (2014) 2 exemplar
Hume on Religion (1964) 2 exemplar
Translation (1991) 1 exemplar
A kind of history of my life (2015) 1 exemplar
On Religion 1 exemplar
Hume's Political Discourses (2019) 1 exemplar
Obras 1 exemplar
Eseje pozostałe (2020) 1 exemplar
Obras sobre Religião (2005) 1 exemplar
Of Money (2011) 1 exemplar
Of probability 1 exemplar
Du commerce et du luxe (2005) 1 exemplar
Politik og æstetik (2000) 1 exemplar
Eseuri politice 1 exemplar
Money and Interest 1 exemplar
ENSAYOS POLITICOS (2011) 1 exemplar
Of essay writing (1990) 1 exemplar
Hume's Essays 1 exemplar
Lettere 1 exemplar
Hume [Opere di] 1 exemplar

Associerade verk

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The English Philosophers from Bacon to Mill (1939) — Bidragsgivare — 467 exemplar
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Eight Great Tragedies (1957) — Bidragsgivare, vissa utgåvor385 exemplar
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Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Bidragsgivare — 172 exemplar
Applied Ethics (1986) — Bidragsgivare — 120 exemplar
Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology (2004) — Bidragsgivare — 73 exemplar
Reading Philosophy: Selected Texts with a Method for Beginners (2002) — Bidragsgivare — 57 exemplar
God (Hackett Readings in Philosophy) (1996) — Bidragsgivare, vissa utgåvor57 exemplar
The Range of Philosophy: Introductory Readings (1964) — Bidragsgivare — 52 exemplar
Classics of Modern Political Theory : Machiavelli to Mill (1996) — Bidragsgivare — 48 exemplar
Philosophy now : an introductory reader (1972) — Bidragsgivare — 24 exemplar
Classic Essays in English (1961) — Bidragsgivare — 22 exemplar
British Moralists 1650-1800, Vol. 2 Hume-Bentham and Index (1991) — Bidragsgivare — 16 exemplar
Reading Philosophy of Religion (2010) — Bidragsgivare — 10 exemplar
Reading Ethics (Reading Philosophy) (2008) — Bidragsgivare — 8 exemplar
Erkenntnis und Sein I Epistemologie. (1978) — Bidragsgivare — 5 exemplar
Wijsgerige teksten over de wereld (1964) — Bidragsgivare — 2 exemplar
Le monde des passions en 30 dissertations: Balzac, Hume, Racine: programme 2015-2016 (2015) — Bidragsgivare, vissa utgåvor1 exemplar

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Att läsa Hume sägs vara relativt lätt. För en som inte befattat sig med filosofiska texter vållar det dock problem. Problemet ligger knappast i språket eller framställningen. Problemet ligger snarare i det Hume försöker undersöka, det mänskliga förståndet. Ibland är det dessutom svårt för en lekman att avgöra vilka resonemang som begränsas av att man i hans tid fortfarande väntar på många av den moderna vetenskapens upptäckter. Men, oavsett dessa invändningar, känns Hume förvånansvärt modern. Han är aldrig dogmatisk, snarare tvivlande, men ändå ständigt kritisk till andra tankesystem.

Vad kommer han fram till? Den deduktiva skepticismen, d v s att det enbart är via våra sinnesintryck som vi kan föreställa oss (genom att jämföra med erfarenheten av tidigare intryck och använda såväl vårt förnuft och vår fantasi) andra objekts natur. Det vi på detta sätt kommer fram till har däremot ingen egentlig bevisbörda, annat än att det kan fungera för vår överlevnad och för vetenskapens framsteg.

I slutorden beklagar Hume att han ofta tvingas förarga både troende och ateister, eftersom han intar ett mellanläge, den agnostiska ståndpunkten. För en stund blir han personlig och upplevs av mig som en mycket sympatisk herre.

Idag är det knappast hans resultat som är banbrytande utan vägen dit, hans öppna redovisande och analyserande av ett filosofiskt problem. Här är Hume fortfarande ett stort föredöme.
… (mer)
 
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JackOrion | 14 andra recensioner | Mar 16, 2008 |

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Verk
390
Även av
29
Medlemmar
15,742
Popularitet
#1,445
Betyg
3.9
Recensioner
103
ISBN
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