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Immanuel Kant (1724–1804)

Författare till Kritik av det rena förnuftet

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Om författaren

The greatest of all modern philosophers was born in the Baltic seaport of Konigsberg, East Prussia, the son of a saddler and never left the vicinity of his remote birthplace. Through his family pastor, Immanuel Kant received the opportunity to study at the newly founded Collegium Fredericianum, visa mer proceeding to the University of Konigsberg, where he was introduced to Wolffian philosophy and modern natural science by the philosopher Martin Knutzen. From 1746 to 1755, he served as tutor in various households near Konigsberg. Between 1755 and 1770, Kant published treatises on a number of scientific and philosophical subjects, including one in which he originated the nebular hypothesis of the origin of the solar system. Some of Kant's writings in the early 1760s attracted the favorable notice of respected philosophers such as J. H. Lambert and Moses Mendelssohn, but a professorship eluded Kant until he was over 45. In 1781 Kant finally published his great work, the Critique of Pure Reason. The early reviews were hostile and uncomprehending, and Kant's attempt to make his theories more accessible in his Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics (1783) was largely unsuccessful. Then, partly through the influence of former student J. G. Herder, whose writings on anthropology and history challenged his Enlightenment convictions, Kant turned his attention to issues in the philosophy of morality and history, writing several short essays on the philosophy of history and sketching his ethical theory in the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785). Kant's new philosophical approach began to receive attention in 1786 through a series of articles in a widely circulated Gottingen journal by the Jena philosopher K. L. Reinhold. The following year Kant published a new, extensively revised edition of the Critique, following it up with the Critique of Practical Reason (1788), treating the foundations of moral philosophy, and the Critique of Judgment (1790), an examination of aesthetics rounding out his system through a strikingly original treatment of two topics that were widely perceived as high on the philosophical agenda at the time - the philosophical meaning of the taste for beauty and the use of teleology in natural science. From the early 1790s onward, Kant was regarded by the coming generation of philosophers as having overthrown all previous systems and as having opened up a whole new philosophical vista. During the last decade of his philosophical activity, Kant devoted most of his attention to applications of moral philosophy. His two chief works in the 1790s were Religion Within the Bounds of Plain Reason (1793--94) and Metaphysics of Morals (1798), the first part of which contained Kant's theory of right, law, and the political state. At the age of 74, most philosophers who are still active are engaged in consolidating and defending views they have already worked out. Kant, however, had perceived an important gap in his system and had begun rethinking its foundations. These attempts went on for four more years until the ravages of old age finally destroyed Kant's capacity for further intellectual work. The result was a lengthy but disorganized manuscript that was first published in 1920 under the title Opus Postumum. It displays the impact of some of the more radical young thinkers Kant's philosophy itself had inspired. Kant's philosophy focuses attention on the active role of human reason in the process of knowing the world and on its autonomy in giving moral law. Kant saw the development of reason as a collective possession of the human species, a product of nature working through human history. For him the process of free communication between independent minds is the very life of reason, the vocation of which is to remake politics, religion, science, art, and morality as the completion of a destiny whose shape it is our collective task to frame for ourselves. (Bowker Author Biography) Philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in Konigsberg, East Prussia. He studied at the University of Konigsberg, where he would act as a lecturer and professor after a brief career as a private tutor. Kant was an incredibly influential philosopher, his theories having impact on the likes of Schopenhauer and Hegel. Kant's most prominent works include Critique of Pure Reason (1781), Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) and Critique of Practical Reason (1788). He died in 1804. (Bowker Author Biography) visa färre


Verk av Immanuel Kant

Kritik av det rena förnuftet (1781) — Författare — 6,384 exemplar
Grundläggning av sedernas metafysik (1785) — Författare — 3,198 exemplar
Kritik av omdömeskraften (1790) — Författare — 2,095 exemplar
Kritik av det praktiska förnuftet (1787) — Författare — 1,739 exemplar
Religionen inom det blotta förnuftets gränser (1793) — Författare — 764 exemplar
Om den eviga freden (1795) — Författare — 566 exemplar
The Metaphysics of Morals (1797) — Författare — 457 exemplar
Kant's Political Writings (1970) 424 exemplar
The Great Books of the Western World, Vol. 42: Kant (1781) — Författare — 355 exemplar
Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime (1764) — Författare — 332 exemplar
Basic Writings of Kant (2001) 321 exemplar
Logic (1800) 270 exemplar
Practical Philosophy (1996) 253 exemplar
Lectures on Ethics (1930) 236 exemplar
Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View (1974) — Författare — 187 exemplar
Om pedagogik (1960) 148 exemplar
Introduction to Logic (1963) 92 exemplar
Religion and Rational Theology (1996) 88 exemplar
The Conflict of the Faculties (1972) — Författare — 80 exemplar
Kant Selections (1929) 76 exemplar
Opus postumum (1984) 71 exemplar
Opuscules sur l'histoire (1900) 70 exemplar
Kant: Selections (1988) 59 exemplar
Lectures on Metaphysics (1992) 54 exemplar
The essential Kant (1970) 26 exemplar
Correspondence (1991) 24 exemplar
La dissertation de 1770 (1951) 23 exemplar
De zin van het leven (1993) 19 exemplar
Der Streit Der Facultaten Werke 6 (German Edition) (1995) — Författare — 18 exemplar
The Science of Right (2006) 18 exemplar
Schriften Zur Naturphilosophie (1980) 17 exemplar
The living thoughts of Kant (1940) 12 exemplar
Radical Evil in Human Nature (1995) 11 exemplar
Pragmatische antropologie (2014) 9 exemplar
La fine di tutte le cose (1996) 8 exemplar
Kant 8 exemplar
The Works of Immanuel Kant (2010) 8 exemplar
Foundations of Ethics (1995) 7 exemplar
An Immanuel Kant Reader (1960) 7 exemplar
Briefe (1970) 6 exemplar
Immanuel Kant 5 exemplar
Pisma po roku 1781 (1969) 5 exemplar
Von der Macht des Gemüts (1949) 5 exemplar
Secilmis Yazilar (2015) 4 exemplar
Pravo na laganje (2012) 4 exemplar
Lettre à Marcus Herz (1968) 4 exemplar
Textos seletos (2005) 4 exemplar
Scritti morali (1970) 3 exemplar
Kant I 3 exemplar
Dizionario delle idee (1996) 3 exemplar
Théorie et pratique (1994) 3 exemplar
Réflexions métaphysiques (2011) 3 exemplar
Kant-Brevier (1966) 3 exemplar
Kant - selections 3 exemplar
Vorreden (1781 - 1797) (2001) 3 exemplar
Teoria do Céu (2004) — Författare — 3 exemplar
Scritti politici (2010) 3 exemplar
Pravno politički spisi (2000) 2 exemplar
Kant (2010) 2 exemplar
Δοκίμια 2 exemplar
Sobre el saber filosófico (1901) 2 exemplar
Géographie (1999) 2 exemplar
Filosofiens frihet (2021) 2 exemplar
"Metafísica" dohna (2007) 2 exemplar
Lezioni sul diritto naturale (2016) 2 exemplar
Theoretische Philosophie (2004) 2 exemplar
Lezioni di psicologia (1986) 2 exemplar
Ragione e ipocondria (1989) 2 exemplar
Von der Würde des Menschen (1941) 2 exemplar
4 Books By Immanuel Kant (2009) 2 exemplar
Dissertazioni latine (2014) 1 exemplar
Scritti sul criticismo (1991) 1 exemplar
Die Drei Kritiken 1 exemplar
Il principio della moralità (1992) 1 exemplar
Yasamin Anlami (2021) 1 exemplar
Yaşam Felsefesi 1 exemplar
Kant 1 exemplar
Fondation - Introduction (1) (2018) 1 exemplar
Homenaje a Kant 1 exemplar
Metafizika morala 1 exemplar
Metafísica futura 1 exemplar
La morale 1 exemplar
Oeuvres Philosophiques Vol. 2 (Bibliotheque de la Pleiade) (1984) — Författare — 1 exemplar
The Metaphysic of Ethics (2009) 1 exemplar
Kant-Aussprüche 1 exemplar
Philosophie de l'histoire — Författare — 1 exemplar
Abrégé de Philosophie (2009) 1 exemplar
De Store tænkere: Kant (2000) 1 exemplar
O postępach metafizyki (2007) 1 exemplar
The Immanuel Kant Collection (2016) 1 exemplar
Geografia fisica (2004) 1 exemplar
Dvije rasprave 1 exemplar
SELECTIONS 1 exemplar
Werke 5: Die Religion ... /Metaphysik — Författare — 1 exemplar
Scritti sui terremoti (1984) 1 exemplar
Fragmanlar 1 exemplar
Critiques 1 exemplar
Théorie et pratique, textes philosophiques (1997) — Författare — 1 exemplar
Brevier 1 exemplar
Kant - Gesammelte Werke (2016) 1 exemplar
Kant [Opere di] 1 exemplar
KANT 1 exemplar
Kant's pre-critical ethics. (1938) 1 exemplar
Kant - Volume II 1 exemplar
Kant - Volume I 1 exemplar
I. Kant 1 exemplar
Mysli o vechnom 1 exemplar

Associerade verk

The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Bidragsgivare — 428 exemplar
Critical Theory Since Plato (1971) — Bidragsgivare, vissa utgåvor394 exemplar
Literary and Philosophical Essays: French, German, and Italian (1909) — Bidragsgivare — 222 exemplar
Criticism: Major Statements (1964) — Bidragsgivare — 211 exemplar
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Författare, vissa utgåvor181 exemplar
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Bidragsgivare — 172 exemplar
The Moral Life: An Introductory Reader in Ethics and Literature (1999) — Bidragsgivare — 169 exemplar
Other Selves: Philosophers on Friendship (1991) — Bidragsgivare — 87 exemplar
Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology (2004) — Bidragsgivare — 72 exemplar
Range of Philosophy (1964) — Bidragsgivare — 51 exemplar
Classics of Modern Political Theory : Machiavelli to Mill (1996) — Bidragsgivare — 49 exemplar
German Essays on Music (1994) — Bidragsgivare — 18 exemplar
Philosophical Issues: A Contemporary Introduction (1972) — Bidragsgivare — 17 exemplar
The liberal tradition in European thought (1971) — Bidragsgivare, vissa utgåvor16 exemplar
Reading Ethics (Reading Philosophy) (2008) — Bidragsgivare — 7 exemplar
Erkenntnis und Sein I Epistemologie. (1978) — Bidragsgivare — 5 exemplar


Allmänna fakta

Vedertaget namn
Kant, Immanuel
Andra namn
KANT, Emanuel (birth)
KANT, Immanuel
Kaliningrad Cemetery, Kaliningrad, Russia
Königsberg, Prussia
Königsberg, Prussia
Königsberg, Prussia
Collegium Fredericianum
University of Königsberg
ethicist (visa alla 7)
University of Königsberg
Priser och utmärkelser
After the expulsion of Königsberg's German population at the end of World War II, the University of Königsberg was replaced by the Russian-language Kaliningrad State University, which took up the campus and surviving buildings of the historic German university. In 2005, the university was renamed Immanuel Kant State University of Russia.
Kort biografi
Emanuel Kant was

the fourth of the nine children of Johann Georg Kant (1682-1746), a saddler from Memel (now Klaipėda, Lithuania) and his wife, Anna Regina Reuter (1697-1737), who was from Nuremburg. Kant began to spell his name "Immanuel" after learning Hebrew. His paternal grandfather, Hans Cant, had emigrated to Prussia from Scotland. Kant enrolled at Königsberg University in 1840 at the age of 16. Between 1750 and 1754 he worked as a tutor (Hauslehrer) in Judtschen (now Veselovka, Russia)and in Groß-Arnsdorf (now near Elbląg, Poland). Kant went on to become Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia) in 1770, at the age of 46. He never married.

He was a towering figure of the Enlightenment, influenced nearly all modern philosophers. In his writings, including his masterpiece, the Critique of Pure Reason (1781), he argued that we can only truly know that which can be proven by evidence. He placed the active, rational human being at the center of the cognitive and moral worlds. He suggested that we have a moral obligation, which he called the "categorical Imperative," to behave in an intrinsically good way under all circumstances -- not necessarily in ways that would make us happy, but in ways that would make us worthy of being happy. In his 1795 work Perpetual Peace, he quoted the Latin phrase "Fiat justitia, pereat mundus" ("Let justice be done, though the world perish"). He also criticized those who focused too much on religious ritual and church hierarchy as attempts to please the Creator without having to practice the actual principles of religion and righteousness.



Immanuel Kant's library i Legacy Libraries (september 2020)
Immanuel Kant i Philosophy and Theory (september 2017)
Kant's moral theory and a priori i Philosophy and Theory (november 2009)


Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason is an analysis of the concept of metaphysics. I have read from English translations, not the original German. I don’t think I’m up to reading on this topic in German, yet. I enjoyed the English translation; I like logic. I was fascinated by Ancient Greek philosophy starting when I was 12 or 13 years old, but it took me quite a few years before I read any modern philosophy. I can see why this is a significant book in modern philosophy that should be read. I should have read it earlier and would recommend it to others interested in philosophy.… (mer)
MyFathersDragon | 42 andra recensioner | Nov 7, 2023 |
La libertà, considerata innata, inscindibilmente legata all’umanità dell’uomo, e inalienabile – proprio come entro le Dichiarazioni rivoluzionarie (americana e francese) dei diritti che precedono i singoli dettati costituzionali –, è definita qui «facoltà di non obbedire ad altra legge se non a quella a cui avrei potuto dare il mio consenso».

E' incredibile vedere come gli Stati siano andati nella direzione auspicata nel 1795 da Kant. Siamo ancora molto lontani dalla pace perpetua (e mondiale), ma sembra proprio che il processo sia in corso d'opera. Al tempo di Kant, l'Unione Europea o le Nazioni Unite erano un miraggio, mentre oggi sono realtà quotidiana. Quanto efficaci è ancora da vedere, ma Kant stesso affermava che la pace perpetua era un ideale al quale bisognava sforzarsi di avvicinarsi il più possibile.… (mer)
lasiepedimore | 10 andra recensioner | Aug 2, 2023 |



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Associerade författare

Allen W. Wood Editor, Contributor, Introduction
Mary J. Gregor Editor, Translator, Foreword
Jeremy Waldron Contributor
Michael W. Doyle Contributor
Michel Foucault Translator
Hannah Arendt Contributor
Karl Popper Contributor
Jacques Derrida Contributor
Lewis White Beck Translator
H. B. Nisbet Translator
Wilhelm Weischedel Herausgeber
Bernd Ludwig Afterword
Øystein Skar Translator
Remi Peeters Translator
Thomas Mertens Translator
Edwin van Elden Translator
Dirk De Schutter Translator
Henk Daalder Translator
Rokus Hofstede Translator
Rihards Kūlis Translator
Werner S. Pluhar Translator, Editor
Paul Guyer Editor, Translator
Gary Banham Bibliography
Atis Rolavs Translator
Patricia Kitcher Introduction
H. J. Paton Translator
Aleksa Buha Afterword, Translator
Jean Gibelin Translator
J.H. Bernard Translator
Andrews Reath Introduction
Paul Carus Translator
Dennis Sweet Introduction
Julián Besteiro Translator
Hoyt H. Hudson Translator
Theodor Valentiner Herausgeber
Adela Cortina Orts Introduction
W. Hastie Translator
Gary C. Hatfield Translator
Michael Friedman Editor, Translator
Igors Šuvajevs Translator
Hoyt Hudson Translator
Manfred Kuehn Introduction
Annette Churton Translator
James Ellington Translator
Thomas K. Abbot Translator


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