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Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908–2009)

Författare till Kulturspillror

139+ verk 8,204 medlemmar 68 recensioner 13 favoritmärkta

Om författaren

Claude Levi-Strauss, a French anthropologist, was the founder of structural anthropology. This theoretical position assumes that there are structural propensities in the human mind that lead unconsciously toward categorization of physical and social objects, hence such book titles as The Raw and visa mer the Cooked (1964) and such expositions of his work by others as The Unconscious in Culture and Elementary Structures Reconsidered. According to Levi-Strauss, the models of society that scholars create are often dual in nature:status-contract (Maine): Gemeinschaft-Gesellschaft (Tonnies); mechanical-organic solidarity (Durkheim); folk-urban (Redfield); universalism-particularism (Parsons); and local-cosmopolitan (Merton). Levi-Strauss's writings---some of which have been described by Clifford Geertz as "theoretical treatises set out as travelogues"---have been enormously influential throughout the scholarly world. George Steiner has described him, along with Freud (see also Vol. 5) and Marx (see also Vol. 4), as one of the major architects of the thought of our times. Levi-Strauss died October 30, 2009. (Bowker Author Biography) visa färre

Serier

Verk av Claude Lévi-Strauss

Kulturspillror (1955) 1,791 exemplar
Det vilda tänkandet (1962) 1,122 exemplar
Structural Anthropology (1958) 975 exemplar
Totemismen (1962) 374 exemplar
Ras och historia (1952) 327 exemplar
The Way of the Masks (1975) 172 exemplar
Look, Listen, Read (1993) 132 exemplar
The View from Afar (1969) 105 exemplar
The Jealous Potter (1985) 84 exemplar
Lodjurets historia (1991) 77 exemplar
The Other Face of the Moon (2011) 59 exemplar
Anthropology Confronts the Problems of the Modern World (2011) — Författare — 58 exemplar
De près et de loin (1988) 50 exemplar
The Scope of Anthropology (1967) 49 exemplar
Oeuvres (2008) 46 exemplar
Babbo Natale giustiziato (1994) 40 exemplar
L'identité (1977) 34 exemplar
A World on the Wane (1961) 33 exemplar
Palabra dada (1984) 31 exemplar
Elogio dell'antropologia (1968) 11 exemplar
De Montaigne à Montaigne (2016) 8 exemplar
Arte, Linguagem, Etnologia (1969) 7 exemplar
Loin du Brésil (2005) 6 exemplar
"Chers tous deux". Lettres à ses parents (1931-1942) (2015) — Författare — 5 exemplar
Correspondance 1942-1982 (2018) 4 exemplar
Minhas palavras 3 exemplar
Estructuralismo y ecología (1979) 3 exemplar
Tristes Tropiques - Illustrations hors texte (2011) — Fotograf — 3 exemplar
Polémica (1972) 2 exemplar
Mythos ohne Illusion (1995) — Bidragsgivare — 2 exemplar
Cristi di oscure speranze (2008) 2 exemplar
El análisis estructural (1991) 2 exemplar
DİN VE BÜYÜ 2 exemplar
Irk, tarih ve kültür (2011) 2 exemplar
Livi-Strauss e l'antropologia strutturale — Författare — 2 exemplar
L'Arc 1 exemplar
TDR #96: Masks 1 exemplar
Mythologiques 1 exemplar
Absolute Claude Levi-Strauss (2004) 1 exemplar
Het gezin 1 exemplar
La sociologia francese (2013) 1 exemplar

Associerade verk

Morphology of the Folktale (1928) — Efterord, vissa utgåvor812 exemplar
The Raven Steals the Light (1984) — Inledning — 250 exemplar
Reader in Comparative Religion: An Anthropological Approach (1958) — Bidragsgivare — 209 exemplar
Anthropological Theory: An Introductory History (1996) — Bidragsgivare — 206 exemplar
Sun Chief: The Autobiography of a Hopi Indian (1942) — Förord, vissa utgåvor175 exemplar
The Norton Book of Travel (1987) — Bidragsgivare — 110 exemplar
Myth: A Symposium (1955) — Bidragsgivare — 95 exemplar
Magic, witchcraft, and curing (1967) — Bidragsgivare — 92 exemplar
India in Mind (2005) — Bidragsgivare — 81 exemplar
The Structural Study of Myth and Totemism (1967) — Bidragsgivare — 57 exemplar
La linguistica e le scienze dell'uomo : sei lezioni sul suono e sul senso (1976) — Inledning, vissa utgåvor3 exemplar
Le livre Terre humaine (1993) — Bidragsgivare — 3 exemplar
Comment travaillent les écrivains (1978) — Bidragsgivare — 3 exemplar
Profil D'Une Oeuvre: Levi-Straus (1979) — Bidragsgivare — 2 exemplar
Le masque. Musée Guimet, Paris — Författare — 1 exemplar

Taggad

Allmänna fakta

Namn enligt folkbokföringen
Lévi, Gustave Claude
Födelsedag
1908-11-28
Avled
2009-10-30
Begravningsplats
Lignerolles, France (Village in the Côte-d’Or region southeast of Paris)
Kön
male
Nationalitet
France
Land (för karta)
France
Födelseort
Brussels, Belgium
Dödsort
Paris, France
Dödsorsak
Naturelle (Vieillesse)
Bostadsorter
Brussels, Belgium (birth)
Paris, France
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
New York, New York, USA
Utbildning
University of Paris (Ph.D|1948)
Lycée Condorcet
Lycée Janson-de-Sailly
Yrken
anthropologist
ethnologist
memoirist
professor
Organisationer
Académie française (1973)
American Academy of Arts and Letters (Foreign Honorary, Literature, 1977)
Centre national de la recherche scientifique
Musée de l'Homme
École Pratique des Hautes Études
École Libre des Hautes Études (visa alla 10)
New School for Social Research
Collège de France
University of São Paulo
French Army
Priser och utmärkelser
Premi Internacional Catalunya (2005)
Kort biografi
Claude Lévi-Strauss was born to French Jewish parents living and working in Brussels, Belgium. He grew up in Paris and attended the Lycée Janson de Sailly and the Lycée Condorcet.

He studied law and philosophy at the Sorbonne, passing the aggregation (civil service teaching exam) in philosophy in 1931. After a few years of teaching, he decided at the last minute to join a French cultural mission to Brazil as a professor of sociology at the University of São Paulo. He and his wife Dina lived and did anthropological work in Brazil from 1935 to 1939. During this time, he accompanied his wife, a trained ethnographer, on fieldwork in the Amazon rainforest. The couple returned to France in 1939 and he served briefly in the French army in World War II before taking a teaching job at a lycée in Montpellier. He was dismissed from the school under the Vichy racial laws. He fled France by boat to Martinique, and then went on to the USA. He took a position at the New School for Social Research in New York City. With Jacques Maritain, Henri Focillon, and Roman Jakobson, he was a founding member of the École Libre des Hautes Études, a kind of university-in-exile for French academics.

After a stint as a cultural attaché to the French embassy in Washington, D.C., from 1946 to 1947, Lévi-Strauss returned to Paris and received his doctorate from the Sorbonne. One of his theses was published the following year as Les Structures élémentaires de la parenté (The Elementary Structures of Kinship, 1948), which quickly came to be considered one of the most important anthropological works on the subject. Throughout the late 1940s and early 1950s, Lévi-Strauss continued to write and publish successful and influential works. He became involved with the administration of the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) and the Musée de l'Homme before finally becoming a professor at the École Pratique des Hautes Études. He became one of France's best-known intellectuals with his book Tristes Tropiques (1955), a memoir of his years as an expatriate. In 1962, he published one of his most important works, La Pensée Sauvage (English translation, The Savage Mind). Lévi-Strauss spent the second half of the 1960s working on his masterpiece, a four-volume study called Mythologiques, which included Le Cru et le cuit (The Raw and the Cooked, 1964);
Du miel aux cendres (From Honey to Ashes, 1966);
L'Origine des manières de table (The Origin of Table Manners, 1968); and
L'Homme nu (The Naked Man, 1971). In 1973, he was elected to the Académie française, was invited to join the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and received the Erasmus Prize. France awarded him the Légion d'honneur, and Ordre national du Mérite, and he was named Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres. After his retirement, he continued to publish occasionally on art, music, philosophy, and poetry. His final book, Nous sommes tous des cannibales (We Are All Cannibals) was published posthumously in 2013.

Medlemmar

Recensioner

 
Flaggad
luvucenanzo06 | Sep 8, 2023 |
The author was one of the great anthropologists of the 20th century. He started out studying philosophy between the wars and was heavily influenced by Marx and Freud. His theory of structualism seems, at least superficially, to be a Marxist or Hegelian view of society. Structuralism is not really discussed or explained in this book, and that is probably why it is his most popular. I've read that he cobbled Tristes Tropiques together from other published magazine articles, travelogues and his notes. The book does read that way, but some of it, perhaps much of it, is quite fascinating. I found the central part of the book about his time with the Nambikwara and Tupi-Kawahib tribes in Brazil to be the most straight forward and interesting. Other extraneous chapters include a detailed summary of a play that was never published, an account of a trip to a Pakistani archeological site and a great description of his escape from Vichy France to Mozambique.… (mer)
 
Flaggad
markm2315 | 21 andra recensioner | Jul 1, 2023 |
Non letto interamente ma (mea culpa) molto funzionalmente per esplorare il concetto di bricoleur. Sotto questo punti di vista, estremamente utile.
 
Flaggad
d.v. | 7 andra recensioner | May 16, 2023 |

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Statistik

Verk
139
Även av
21
Medlemmar
8,204
Popularitet
#2,948
Betyg
½ 3.7
Recensioner
68
ISBN
586
Språk
27
Favoritmärkt
13

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