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Baruch Spinoza (1632–1677)

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Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, the son of Portuguese Jewish refugees who had fled from the persecution of the Spanish Inquisition. Although reared in the Jewish community, he rebelled against its religious views and practices, and in 1656 was formally excommunicated from the visa mer Portuguese-Spanish Synagogue of Amsterdam and was thus effectively cast out of the Jewish world. He joined a group of nonconfessional Christians (although he never became a Christian), the Collegiants, who professed no creeds or practices but shared a spiritual brotherhood. He was also apparently involved with the Quaker mission in Amsterdam. Spinoza eventually settled in The Hague, where he lived quietly, studying philosophy, science, and theology, discussing his ideas with a small circle of independent thinkers, and earning his living as a lens grinder. He corresponded with some of the leading philosophers and scientists of his time and was visited by Leibniz and many others. He is said to have refused offers to teach at Heidelberg or to be court philosopher for the Prince of Conde. During his lifetime he published only two works, The Principles of Descartes' Philosophy (1666) and the Theological Political Tractatus (1670). In the first his own theory began to emerge as the consistent consequence of that of Descartes (see also Vol. 5). In the second, he gave his reasons for rejecting the claims of religious knowledge and elaborated his theory of the independence of the state from all religious factions. After his death (probably caused by consumption resulting from glass dust), his major work, the Ethics, appeared in his Opera Posthuma, and presented the full metaphysical basis of his pantheistic view. Spinoza's influence on the Enlightenment, on the Romantic Age, and on modern secularism has been tremendous. (Bowker Author Biography) visa färre

Inkluderar namnen: Spinoza, B Spinoza, de Spinoza, スピノザ, Spinoza/elwes, B. de Spinoza, Baruj Spinoza, Baruch Spinoza, Baruch Spinoza, Baruch Espinosa, Bento de Spinoza, Benedikt Spinoza, Bento De Spinoza, Benedict Spinoza, Benedykt Spinoza, Baruch de Spinoza, Benedetto Spinoza, Baruch de Spinoza, Bento De Espinosa, Baruch de Spinoza, Benedikts Spinoza, Baruch de Espinoza, Baruch de Espinosa, Baruch de Espinosa, Benedictus Spinoza, Baruch de Espinosa, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedikt de Spinoza, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedicti De Spinoza, Benedicti de Spinoza, Benedicti de Spinoza, Benedictus de Spinosa, Benedict de] [Spinoza, Benedictus De Spinoza, Benedictus De Spinoza, Benedictus von Spinoza, Bénédicte de Spinoza, ברוך שפינוזה, Benedikt von von Spinoza, R. H. W. (Spinoza) Elwes, Baruch Benedictus Spinoza, Benedictus Baruch Spinoza, Spinoza; Joseph Ratner (Ed), Benedictus (Baruch) d Spinoza, Бенедикт Спиноза, バルーフ・デ スピノザ, James ed Benedict de) Gutmann Spinoza, Baruch Spinoza (Benedictus de Spinoza), intro-Joseph Ratner, Baruch de Spinoza, James ed Gutmann Spinoza (Benedict de), Benedictus De Spinoza (Benedict Spinoza), R. H. M. (Translator); Benedict Spinoza Elwes, R H M (translator) De Benedict; Elwes Spinoza, R. H. M. (translator) Benedict de; Elwes Spinoza, Joseph (editor B.; Ratner Spinoza, introduction), Benedictus De Spinoza Translated By Andrew Boyle, and Elwes Benedict Spinoza, R. H. M. (Translated, A. (translation); Santayana Baruch; Boyle Spinoza, Benedictus De Spinoza; Translator And Introduction, Benedict De Spinoza; Translator R.H.M. Elwes; Intr, Spinoza; translated by A. Boyle; introduction by G

Inkluderar även: Espinosa (1)

Foto taget av: From Wikipedia


Verk av Baruch Spinoza

Etiken (1677) 2,832 exemplar
Theological-Political Treatise (1670) 974 exemplar
Spinoza: Complete Works (1955) 239 exemplar
Political Treatise (1675) 117 exemplar
Spinoza Selections (1930) 101 exemplar
Briefwisseling (1925) 100 exemplar
The Ethics and Selected Letters (1982) — Författare — 70 exemplar
Chief works (1951) 50 exemplar
Traité politique ; Lettres (1966) 26 exemplar
Korte geschriften (1982) 19 exemplar
De draagbare Spinoza (1992) 15 exemplar
Spinoza 14 exemplar
The Book of God (1958) 13 exemplar
De uitgelezen Spinoza (1999) 13 exemplar
Reflections and Maxims (1965) 11 exemplar
Letters to friend and foe (1966) 11 exemplar
Os Pensadores - Espinosa (1997) 10 exemplar
La libertà di pensiero (2014) 8 exemplar
Obras completas (1966) 8 exemplar
Staatkundige verhandeling (2014) 6 exemplar
De Dios (Ética) (2007) 5 exemplar
Éthique (2021) 4 exemplar
Pisma wczesne (2009) 4 exemplar
Traktaty. Etyka 4 exemplar
Œuvres complètes (2022) 3 exemplar
Spinoza (2000) 3 exemplar
La superstizione 3 exemplar
Antología (1986) 2 exemplar
Spinoza 2 exemplar
国家論 (岩波文庫) (1976) 2 exemplar
Spinoza (1996) 2 exemplar
Spinoza I: Etica 2 exemplar
Tratado político (2023) 2 exemplar
Ifjúkori művek (1956) 2 exemplar
Dio 2 exemplar
Traktaty (2000) 2 exemplar
איגרות 2 exemplar
Ethica / druk 7 2 exemplar
Spinoza de Brieven over God (2016) 2 exemplar
Sämmtliche Werke 1 exemplar
اخلاق 1 exemplar
tica 1 exemplar
The Rationalists 1 exemplar
L'Etica 1 exemplar
Törebilim (2020) 1 exemplar
Politiek traktaat 1 exemplar
Philosophie et politique (1985) 1 exemplar
Ingen titel 1 exemplar
Oeuvres completes 1 exemplar
מאמר מדיני (1982) 1 exemplar
Spinoza 1 exemplar
Briefwechsel (1977) 1 exemplar
Espinosa 1 exemplar
Kisa Inceleme (2015) 1 exemplar
Spinoza [opere di] 1 exemplar
Spinoza (1998) 1 exemplar
Selected Letters 1 exemplar
Éthique 1 exemplar
Opere scelte 1 exemplar
Tom. 3-4 1 exemplar
Tom. 1-2 1 exemplar

Associerade verk

The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Bidragsgivare — 427 exemplar
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Författare, vissa utgåvor181 exemplar
Atheism: A Reader (2000) — Bidragsgivare — 181 exemplar
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Bidragsgivare — 172 exemplar
A golden treasury of Jewish literature (1937) — Bidragsgivare — 74 exemplar
Materialism and the mind-body problem (1971) — Bidragsgivare — 70 exemplar
Classics of Modern Political Theory : Machiavelli to Mill (1996) — Bidragsgivare — 49 exemplar
Britannica Great Books: Bacon, Descartes, Spinoza (1990) — Bidragsgivare — 19 exemplar
The liberal tradition in European thought (1971) — Bidragsgivare, vissa utgåvor16 exemplar


Allmänna fakta

Vedertaget namn
Spinoza, Baruch
Namn enligt folkbokföringen
Espinosa, Baruch
Spinosa, Bento de
Andra namn
Spinoza, Benedictus de
Spinoza, Baruch de
Cemetery of the New Church on the Spui, The Hague, Netherlands
Amsterdam, Holland, Dutch Republic
The Hague, Holland, Dutch Republic
Amsterdam, Holland, Dutch Republic
The Hague, Holland, Dutch Republic
Rijnsburg, Netherlands
Pereira yeshibah, Amsterdam, Netherlands
lens grinder
Kort biografi
Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, to a Sephardic Jewish family whose recent ancestors had been expelled from or fled Spain and Portugal. He received a thorough education, including the study of medieval philosophy as well as the works of Descartes, Hobbes, and other contemporaries. He became a key philosopher and writer laying the groundwork for the Enlightenment, though the importance of his work was not fully realized until many years after his death.
Based on his radical views, the Jewish religious authorities in Amsterdam banned him from their society at age 23. Around this time, he adopted the Latin form of his name, Benedictus de Spinoza. He made a living grinding optical lenses, and continued his scholarly writing. He died in 1677 at age 44, allegedly of a lung illness, perhaps caused by the dust inhaled during his work. Of his writings, only A Treatise on Religious and Political Philosophy (1670) was published during his lifetime. His books Ethics, Political Treatise, and Hebrew Grammar appeared posthumously in 1677.



Mini flash-mob for Spinoza's Library i Legacy Libraries (oktober 2012)
I believe in the God of Spinoza Albert Einstein i Philosophy and Theory (augusti 2009)


Fascinating--I'm glad I finally read this. Being raised an Atheist and knowing little about religion, I found this book very challenging, but informative. Spinoza's ultimate message seems to be that God/Religion is in the world around us--i.e. nature is God and God is nature. I'm surprised that he was allowed to advance this philosopy at the time that he did. He also seemed to employ quite a bit of sarcasm, which also surprised me, but which enlivened the reading.
lschiff | 10 andra recensioner | Sep 24, 2023 |
My first reading of many. A familiarisation of Spinoza's philosophical landscape. It is at times confusing and at times beautiful.
Nealmaro | 39 andra recensioner | Jul 28, 2023 |
Must read. Spinoza's Ethics translated by none other than the glorious George Eliot.
wmperez | 39 andra recensioner | Jun 24, 2023 |
Wow, so many 5's and rave reviews from Goodreads readers, but why, why, why? All these definitions, propositions, and demonstrations trying to lay out a logical proof make for such ponderous reading. What Spinoza presents is basically a vision. Why not present it as an extended essay, or better yet, a suitable philosophical form such as allegory, dialog -- or even better yet, an extended poem (Dante surely comes to mind). Why does Spinoza choose for his medium something as dry as a logical proof? The untutored won't be able to follow it and the well tutored, if they value their time, seem likely to poke holes in it, shrug, sigh, and move on. If I want to find out what Spinoza is about, I'll start by reading about Spinoza. I won't wear our my molars on this.… (mer)
Cr00 | 39 andra recensioner | Apr 1, 2023 |



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