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Walt Whitman (1819–1892)

Författare till Leaves of Grass

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Walt Whitman was born on Long Island and raised in Brooklyn, New York, the son of a carpenter. He left school when he was 11 years old to take a variety of jobs. By the time he was 15, Whitman was living on his own in New York City, working as a printer and writing short pieces for newspapers. He visa mer spent a few years teaching, but most of his work was either in journalism or politics. Gradually, Whitman became a regular contributor to a variety of Democratic Party newspapers and reviews, and early in his career established a rather eccentric way of life, spending a great deal of time walking the streets, absorbing life and talking with laborers. Extremely fond of the opera, he used his press pass to spend many evenings in the theater. In 1846, Whitman became editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, a leading Democratic newspaper. Two years later, he was fired for opposing the expansion of slavery into the west. Whitman's career as a poet began in 1885, with the publication of the first edition of his poetry collection, Leaves of Grass. The book was self-published (Whitman probably set some of the type himself), and despite his efforts to publicize it - including writing his own reviews - few people read it. One reader who did appreciate it was essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson, who wrote a letter greeting Whitman at "the beginning of a great career." Whitman's poetry was unlike any verse that had ever been seen. Written without rhyme, in long, loose lines, filled with poetic lists and exclamations taken from Whitman's reading of the Bible, Homer, and Asian poets, these poems were totally unlike conventional poetry. Their subject matter, too, was unusual - the celebration of a free-spirited individualist whose love for all things and people seemed at times disturbingly sensual. In 1860, with the publication of the third edition on Leaves of Grass, Whitman alienated conventional thinkers and writers even more. When he went to Boston to meet Emerson, poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, essayist Oliver Wendell Holmes, and poet James Russell Lowell, they all objected to the visit. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Whitman's attentions turned almost exclusively to that conflict. Some of the greatest poetry of his career, including Drum Taps (1865) and his magnificent elegy for President Abraham Lincoln, "When Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" (1865), was written during this period. In 1862, his brother George was wounded in battle, and Whitman went to Washington to nurse him. He continued as a hospital volunteer throughout the war, nursing other wounded soldiers and acting as a benevolent father-figure and confidant. Parts of his memoir Specimen Days (1882) record this period. After the war, Whitman stayed on in Washington, working as a government clerk and continuing to write. In 1873 he suffered a stroke and retired to Camden, New Jersey, where he lived as an invalid for the rest of his life. Ironically, his reputation began to grow during this period, as the public became more receptive to his poetic and personal eccentricities. Whitman tried to capture the spirit of America in a new poetic form. His poetry is rough, colloquial, sweeping in its vistas - a poetic equivalent of the vast land and its varied peoples. Critic Louis Untermeyer has written, "In spite of Whitman's perplexing mannerisms, the poems justify their boundless contradictions. They shake themselves free from rant and bombastic audacities and rise into the clear air of major poetry. Such poetry is not large but self-assured; it knows, as Whitman asserted, the amplitude of time and laughs at dissolution. It contains continents; it unfolds the new heaven and new earth of the Western world." American poetry has never been the same since Whitman tore it away from its formal and thematic constraints, and he is considered by virtually all critics today to be one of the greatest poets the country has ever produced. (Bowker Author Biography) visa färre
Foto taget av: Photo by G. Frank E. Pearsall
Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery
(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

Verk av Walt Whitman

Leaves of Grass (1855) 10,165 exemplar
Leaves of Grass (1855 edition) (1855) 2,863 exemplar
The Complete Poems (1867) 1,341 exemplar
Whitman: Poetry and Prose (1982) 1,272 exemplar
Sången om mig själv (1984) 826 exemplar
Selected Poems [ed. Appelbaum] (1991) 532 exemplar
Selections from Leaves of Grass (1961) 293 exemplar
On the Beach at Night Alone (2015) 202 exemplar
Selected Poems [ed. Washington] (1993) 196 exemplar
Specimen Days (1961) 168 exemplar
Poems By Walt Whitman (1911) 145 exemplar
The Essential Whitman (1987) 141 exemplar
Specimen Days & Collect (1995) 118 exemplar
Memoranda During the War (1876) 116 exemplar
Selected Poems [ed. Bloom] (2003) 104 exemplar
Drum taps (1865) 96 exemplar
Selected Poems [ed. Crasnow] (1996) 93 exemplar
Whitman [ed. Fielder] (1959) 86 exemplar
O Captain! My Captain! (1970) 83 exemplar
Leaves of Grass (1860 edition) (1860) 75 exemplar
Three Great American Poets (1900) 72 exemplar
The Walt Whitman Reader (1993) 69 exemplar
The poetry of Walt Whitman (1997) 59 exemplar
Poetry for Kids: Walt Whitman (2017) 58 exemplar
I Hear America Singing (1800) 52 exemplar
A Choice of Whitman's Verse (1973) 52 exemplar
Voyages (1988) 44 exemplar
Laws for Creations (2006) 43 exemplar
Demokratiska perspektiv (1871) 43 exemplar
Live Oak, with Moss (2019) 40 exemplar
Selected Poems [ed. Lipkin] (2000) 40 exemplar
Walt Whitman's New York: From Manhattan to Montauk (1963) — Författare — 39 exemplar
The Whitman Reader (1955) 35 exemplar
Leaves of Grass (Everyman) (1993) 32 exemplar
Miracles: the wonder of life (1969) 27 exemplar
An American Primer (1986) 24 exemplar
Nothing But Miracles (2003) 20 exemplar
Walt Whitman 20 exemplar
Walt Whitman: Selected Poems [Sweetwater Press] (2006) — Författare — 18 exemplar
The works of Walt Whitman (1968) 17 exemplar
Memories of President Lincoln (1923) 16 exemplar
Meditations Of Walt Whitman (Meditations (Wilderness)) (2004) — Författare — 12 exemplar
American Bard (1982) 11 exemplar
November Boughs (1889) 11 exemplar
Cálamo (1993) 10 exemplar
Walt Whitman [ed. Moore] (1987) 10 exemplar
Hojas de hierba- 2018 (2019) 10 exemplar
The Norton Anthology - Walt Whitman & Emily Dickinson (1998) — Författare — 10 exemplar
Whitman (1968) 9 exemplar
Overhead the Sun (1969) 8 exemplar
The gathering of the forces (1920) 7 exemplar
Two prefaces 7 exemplar
The correspondence (2004) 7 exemplar
Gresstrå 1 (2006) 6 exemplar
Leaves of Grass a selection of Poems — Författare — 6 exemplar
Whitman: The Mystic Poets (2004) 5 exemplar
Whitman the Poet (1964) 5 exemplar
Digte 5 exemplar
Cimen Yapraklari (2015) 4 exemplar
City of orgies & other poems (1980) 4 exemplar
A Whitman Portrait (1960) 4 exemplar
Cimen Yapraklari - II (2020) 4 exemplar
Song of the Open Road (1990) 4 exemplar
Hymnen für die Erde (1958) 4 exemplar
Sequel to Drum-Taps (1959) 4 exemplar
The book of heavenly death (2009) 4 exemplar
Hijos de Adán: Cálamo (1981) 3 exemplar
La quercia 3 exemplar
Obras completas. II (2005) 3 exemplar
Días memorables de América (2014) 3 exemplar
There Was a Child Went Forth (2012) 3 exemplar
Canti d'addio 3 exemplar
Complete Writings Vol. 3 (2018) 3 exemplar
La parola del corpo (2000) 3 exemplar
The Walt Whitman Megapack (2014) 3 exemplar
Pictures : a poem 2 exemplar
Rohulehed (2021) 2 exemplar
Two Rivulets 2 exemplar
The wisdom of Walt Whitman (1979) 2 exemplar
Slang in America 2 exemplar
Utvalda dagar (2016) 2 exemplar
Prose Works (2016) 2 exemplar
Les fulles d'herba (1983) 2 exemplar
Short Stories 2 exemplar
Selected Poems by Whitman (2006) 2 exemplar
Collected writings 2 exemplar
The Pamphlet Poets (1926) 2 exemplar
Leaves of Grass 2 exemplar
CALAMO (2017) 1 exemplar
Poemas esenciales 1 exemplar
Visões Democráticas (2012) 1 exemplar
Two Rivulets 1 exemplar
Walt Whitman's poetry : a study & a selection (1978) — Författare — 1 exemplar
Prosaschriften 1 exemplar
Días Ejemplares de América (1946) 1 exemplar
Vidas ejemplares 1 exemplar
Three Poems 1 exemplar
FIJE BARI 1 exemplar
SEÇME ŞİİRLER 1 exemplar
Miracles (excerpt) 1 exemplar
diVersi 1 exemplar
Sangen om migselv 1 exemplar
Leaves of Grass C3 1 exemplar
"The Sleepers" 1 exemplar
Drum Tabs (2021) 1 exemplar
Paroles du Nouveau Monde (1997) 1 exemplar
Habla Walt Whitman (2008) 1 exemplar
American poetry 1 exemplar
Manahatta 1 exemplar
Whitman's Poems 1 exemplar
Canti scelti 1 exemplar
Valitut runot (2007) 1 exemplar
Choix de poèmes 1 exemplar
Ruohonlehtiä 1 exemplar
Leaves of grass; Volume 1 (2013) 1 exemplar
collected prose 1 exemplar
Foglie D'erba 1855 1 exemplar
Fuldkomne Dage 1 exemplar
Collected Poetry (2003) 1 exemplar
City of Orgies (2012) 1 exemplar
new york dissected (1972) 1 exemplar
Kosmos 1 exemplar
Lincoln (2016) 1 exemplar
Jag hör Amerika sjunga (2019) 1 exemplar
Canto una vita immensa (2009) 1 exemplar
Poesías 1 exemplar
Lyrik und Prosa 1 exemplar
Opere alese 1 exemplar
Io canto me stesso 1 exemplar
Warble for Lilac-Time (2016) 1 exemplar
Eidolons 1 exemplar
The Poetry of Walt Whitman (1999) 1 exemplar
Poems and prose 1 exemplar
Werke 1 exemplar
Demokratski vidici 1 exemplar
Američke priče (2015) 1 exemplar

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American Religious Poems: An Anthology (2006) — Bidragsgivare — 161 exemplar
The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature (1998) — Bidragsgivare — 158 exemplar
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Great Poems from Chaucer to Whitman — Bidragsgivare — 3 exemplar
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Allmänna fakta

Vedertaget namn
Whitman, Walt
Namn enligt folkbokföringen
Whitman, Walter
Andra namn
Whitman, Walt
Harleigh Cemetery, Camden, New Jersey, USA
Land (för karta)
West Hills, Huntington, Long Island, New York, USA
Camden, New Jersey, USA
miliary tuberculosis and parenchymatous nephritis
Washington, D.C., USA
Brooklyn, New York, USA
Georgetown, Colorado, USA
Laurel Springs, New Jersey, USA
New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
short-story writer
teacher (visa alla 12)
apprentice printer
convention delegate
clerk (Bureau of Indian Affairs ∙ U.S. Department of the Interior)
The Patriot
Long Islander
Long Island Democrat
Brooklyn Eagle
Priser och utmärkelser
The Hall of Fame for Great Americans (1930)
Gave Commencement Address at Dartmouth College (1872)
Walt Whitman Bridge
Kort biografi
Walter Whitman Jr. (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist and journalist. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his works. Whitman is among the most influential poets in the American canon, often called the father of free verse. His work was controversial in his time, particularly his 1855 poetry collection Leaves of Grass, which was described as obscene for its overt sensuality.

Born in Huntington on Long Island, Whitman resided in Brooklyn as a child and through much of his career. At the age of 11, he left formal schooling to go to work. Later, Whitman worked as a journalist, a teacher, and a government clerk. Whitman's major poetry collection, Leaves of Grass, was first published in 1855 with his own money and became well known. The work was an attempt at reaching out to the common person with an American epic. He continued expanding and revising it until his death in 1892. During the American Civil War, he went to Washington, D.C. and worked in hospitals caring for the wounded. His poetry often focused on both loss and healing. On the death of Abraham Lincoln, whom Whitman greatly admired, he wrote his well known poems, "O Captain! My Captain!" and "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd", and gave a series of lectures. After a stroke towards the end of his life, Whitman moved to Camden, New Jersey, where his health further declined. When he died at the age of 72, his funeral was a public event.

Whitman's influence on poetry remains strong. Mary Whitall Smith Costelloe argued: "You cannot really understand America without Walt Whitman, without Leaves of Grass ... He has expressed that civilization, 'up to date,' as he would say, and no student of the philosophy of history can do without him." Modernist poet Ezra Pound called Whitman "America's poet ... He is America."



Walt Whitman i Someone explain it to me... (januari 23)
Arion Press "Leaves of Grass" on ABE i Fine Press Forum (oktober 2022)


Leaves of Grass (1855) is a poetry collection by the American poet Walt Whitman. Among the poems in the collection are "Song of Myself," "I Sing the Body Electric," and in later editions, Whitman's elegy to the assassinated President Abraham Lincoln, "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd." Whitman spent his entire life writing Leaves of Grass, revising it in several editions until his death.

Länk:… (mer)
Jannemangan | 84 andra recensioner | Mar 21, 2010 |



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Associerade författare

Walter Lowenfels Editor, Introduction
Frank Yamrus Photographer
Russell Maynor Photographer
Mark Beard Photographer
John Dugdale Photographer
Bill Jacobson Photographer
Steve Morrison Photographer
Robert Flynt Photographer
Brian Selznick Illustrator
Paul Cava Illustrator
J.E. Spingarn Contributor
Prosser Hall Frye Contributor
W. C. Brownell Contributor
Stuart P. Sherman Contributor
Henry James Contributor
Paul Elmer More Contributor
Edgar Allan Poe Contributor
Lewis E. Gates Contributor
Van Wyck Brooks Contributor
Irving Babbit Contributor
Gay Wilson Allen Introduction, Editor
Karen Karbiener Editor, Afterword
Robert Hass Selection and Introduction
Charles Mikolaycak Illustrator
Gaylord Schanilec Illustrator
Justin Kaplan Introduction, Editor
Lewis C. Daniel Illustrator
Charles Cullen Illustrator
Rockwell Kent Illustrator
Jim Spanfeller Illustrator
Valenti Angelo Illustrator
León Felipe Preface, Translator
Brian Murray Narrator
Ed Begley Narrator
Loren Long Illustrator
Richard Powers Cover artist
D. H. Lawrence Contributor
T. S. Eliot Contributor
Brian Edwards Introduction
Mary Jane Gorton Illustrator


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