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Edmund Wilson (1895–1972)

Författare till To the Finland Station

91+ verk 7,834 medlemmar 70 recensioner 17 favoritmärkta

Om författaren

Wilson roamed the world and read widely in many languages. He was a journalist for leading literary periodicals: Vanity Fair, where he was briefly managing editor; The New Republic, where he was associate editor for five years; and the New Yorker, where he was book reviewer in the 1940s. These visa mer varied experiences were typical of Wilson's range of interests and ability. Eternally productive and endlessly readable, he conquered American literature in countless essays. If he is idiosyncratic and lacks a rigid mold, that probably contributes to his success as a literary critic, since he was not committed to interpretation in the straitjacket of some popular approach or dogma. His critical position suits his cosmopolitan background---historical and sociological considerations prevail. He went through a brief Marxist period and experimented with Freudian criticism. Axel's Castle (1931), a penetrating analysis of the symbolist writer, has exerted a great influence on contemporary literary criticism. Its dedication, to Christian Gauss of Princeton, reads:"It was principally from you that I acquired.. .my idea of what literary criticism ought to be---a history of man's ideas and imaginings in the setting of the conditions which have shaped them."His volume of satiric short stories, Memoirs of Hecate County (1946), with its frankly erotic passages, was the subject of court cases in a less tolerant decade than the present one. It was Wilson's own favorite among his writings, but he complained that those individuals who like his other work tend to disregard it. (Bowker Author Biography) visa färre
Foto taget av: Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery (image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)


Verk av Edmund Wilson

To the Finland Station (1940) 1,277 exemplar
Sammanbrottet (1945) — Redaktör — 901 exemplar
Minnen från Hecate county (1946) 552 exemplar
The American Earthquake (1958) 139 exemplar
Apologies to the Iroquois (1959) 127 exemplar
I Thought of Daisy (1929) 109 exemplar
The Triple Thinkers (1938) 87 exemplar
The Portable Edmund Wilson (1983) 79 exemplar
Europe Without Baedeker (1966) 73 exemplar
Eight essays (1954) 32 exemplar
The Devils And Canon Barham (1973) 32 exemplar
Red, Black, Blond and Olive (1956) 26 exemplar
Night Thoughts (1961) 24 exemplar
The Higher Jazz (1998) 24 exemplar
Galahad and I Thought of Daisy (1963) 20 exemplar
The Intent of the Critic (1941) — Bidragsgivare; Bidragsgivare — 15 exemplar
From Uncollected Edmund Wilson (1995) 14 exemplar
Five Plays (1954) 12 exemplar
Edmund Wilson, Man In Letters (2001) 12 exemplar
The fruits of the MLA (1963) 8 exemplar
The Collected Essays of John Peale Bishop (1948) — Inledning; Redaktör — 6 exemplar
The Undertaker's Garland (1922) 6 exemplar
Galahad (1971) 4 exemplar
Note Books of Night (1942) 4 exemplar
The Rats of Rutland Grange. (1974) 4 exemplar
The surprise of excellence: modern essays on Max Beerbohm (1974) — Bidragsgivare — 3 exemplar
A Book of Princeton Verse, Volume I — Bidragsgivare — 2 exemplar
Who Killed Carlo Tresca? (1983) 2 exemplar
Obra selecta (2008) 2 exemplar
Poets, Farewell! 2 exemplar
Dead Sea Scrolls 1947 1969 (1969) 1 exemplar
Ivan Turgheniev (1960) 1 exemplar
Szkice 1 exemplar

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The Great Gatsby / Tender Is The Night / The Last Tycoon (1953) — Redaktör, vissa utgåvor106 exemplar
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A Reader's Companion to the Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings (1995) — Bidragsgivare — 78 exemplar
The Complete Works of Kate Chopin (Southern Literary Studies) (1969) — Förord, vissa utgåvor; Förord — 36 exemplar
H.P. LOVECRAFT: Four Decades of Criticism (1980) — Bidragsgivare — 33 exemplar
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Eighteen Stories (1965) 4 exemplar
32 Współczesne Opowiadania Amerykańskie - Tom I — Bidragsgivare — 1 exemplar
The Ethnic Image in Modern American Literature, 1900-1950 (1984) — Bidragsgivare — 1 exemplar
The Dial, Vol LXXVII No 3, September 1924 — Bidragsgivare, vissa utgåvor1 exemplar


Allmänna fakta

Andra namn
Wellfleet, Massachusetts, USA
Red Bank, New Jersey, USA
Talcottville, New York, USA
Red Bank, New Jersey, USA
Talcottville, New York, USA
Wellfleet, Massachusetts, USA
Princeton University
The Hill School, Pottstown, Pennsylvania, USA
managing editor (Vanity Fair)
newspaper reporter
associate editor (The New Republic)
book reviewer
literary critic
historian (visa alla 8)
McCarthy, Mary (wife)
Nabokov, Vladimir (friend)
Fitzgerald, F. Scott (friend)
Bishop, John Peale (friend)
Zabel, Morton Dauwen (friend)
The Sun (New York)
Vanity Fair
The New Republic
The New Yorker
The New York Review of Books
Priser och utmärkelser
Presidential Medal of Freedom (1963)
Emerson-Thoreau Medal (1966)
Kort biografi
Edmund Wilson was born in Red Bank, New Jersey. He attended The Hill School, a private boarding school in Pennsylvania, where he served as the editor-in-chief of the school's literary magazine, then went on to Princeton University, where he was a classmate of F. Scott Fitzgerald. Their friendship became one of the most important literary relationships in the history of American letters. Wilson read omnivorously across the spectrum of modern European and Russian writers, including Proust, Joyce, Eliot, Valéry, Dostoyevsky, Gogol, and Pushkin, along with almost all the 20th century American writers. He began his writing career as a reporter for the New York Sun, and became the managing editor of Vanity Fair in 1920. He later served as associate editor of The New Republic and as a book reviewer for The New Yorker and The New York Review of Books. He wrote plays, poems, and novels, but his greatest influence was as a literary critic, essayist, and historian. These books included Axel's Castle: A Study in the Imaginative Literature of 1870–1930 (1931) a sweeping survey of Symbolism. To the Finland Station (1940) was a broad study of European socialism up to the Bolsheviks Revolution. Wilson's work was heavily influenced by the ideas of Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx, and in turn, his work influenced novelists such as Upton Sinclair, John Dos Passos, Sinclair Lewis, and Theodore Dreiser. Wilson was married four times, most famously to Mary McCarthy, who was 17 years his junior, from 1938 to 1946.

Wilson edited the posthumous papers and notebooks of his college friend F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Crack-Up (1945), and also edited the novel The Last Tycoon (1941), which Fitzgerald had left uncompleted at his death.



A book that consists mostly of the author's notes and his passing observations makes for difficult reading. At a century's remove it is even more so as most of Wilson's contemporaries have faded into distant memory, if they have not already been forgotten.
That said, despite the names and the changed landscape, Wilson at his best provokes interest and wonder in his notes. He takes great pains to describe the everyday natural world; there are detailed "word paintings" of the sky, clouds, sea, snow etc. This graphic representation of natural phenomena is at its best in the Southern California episode and on honeymoon in mid-winter Connecticut.
But mostly, this record covers the social world of cheap booze, speakeasies, the plight of the novice writer and the grinding ugliness of the New York and New Jersey environment in the twenties.
Wilson was early in his fictional stories explicit about sex. The accounts of his passionate sexual relationship with poor Anna, the beautiful, down-trodden Ukrainian waitress provide the basis for the story "The Princess with the Golden Hair", collected in "Memoirs of Hecate County".
Two quotes from Wilson:
Edmund Wilson was a grand critic - singular in his opinions and well-informed. I love his writing, because it reveals someone who derives his criticism by way of a seriously argued thesis.
"Literature is merely the result of rude collisions with reality, whose repercussions, when we have withdrawn into the shelter of ourselves, we try to explain, justify, harmonize, spin into an orderly pattern in the smooth resuming current of a thought..."
"Literature is a long process of neutralizing these shocks, mitigating the crude and barbarous, treachery, murder, unrequited love.... - the constant, never-forestalled outbreaks of our barbarous nature and the accidents of the internal maladjustments of our situation as a part of the universe - we lend them, in art, the logic of our reason and the harmony of our imagination - reason and imagination, like leucocytes accumulating themselves at the place where the infection...has occurred, they rush at once to the breach and, ingesting the alien elements, are discharged in the form of art-"
… (mer)
ivanfranko | 3 andra recensioner | Sep 17, 2023 |
A collection of short stories dusted with ghosts, devils, and the stultifying ambience of 1930s upstate New York. Most of the stories in Memoirs of Hecate County are arranged along the same design: a banal situation is touched by the supernatural, dread begins to seep through the story, and an eerie climax recapitulates the protagonist's central banal dilemma. A woman begins receding through time to justify her birth; a demon leaps in and out of unsuspecting heads; the devil strikes a bargain with a book publisher. Once you've read one of these stories, you know how the rest will go; the central mainspring is always the same. The main exception to this mechanical system is the best story in the collection, "The Princess with the Golden Hair," which follows the narrator's self-absorbed efforts to simultaneously pursue two women. He ultimately attains neither of them, but the experience suffices to liberate him from his arrogance and callousness.… (mer)
proustbot | 4 andra recensioner | Jun 19, 2023 |
Mr Edmund Wilson’s main work was in essay writing and reviews. In this LOA volume, which covered the 1920s and 30s in which he reviewed several notable writers such as Hemingway, Dos Passos and many others. His work also extended to theatrical productions as well as entertainers like Houdini.
walterhistory | Jun 17, 2023 |
Um estudo sobre os homens que fizeram a História. Ou um estudo sobre os homens que escreveram a História. Ou ambos. Como disse Gore Vidal, o gênio especial de Wilson estava em estabelecer mais conexões entre vários campos do conhecimento do que qualquer outro crítico do seu tempo. Somente um homem com a estatura intelectual de Wilson seria capaz de empreender a construção de uma obra da abrangência de Rumo à Estação Finlândia, um livro impossível de ser enquadrado em uma só categoria, capaz de agradar tanto a um especialista quanto a um não-iniciado. Enquanto amplia e problematiza o estudo da revolução soviética, Wilson desenvolve, como pano de fundo, uma trama em que personagens históricas, suas vidas, suas ideias e suas práticas compõem um todo complexo e contraditório, dinâmico e envolvente.… (mer)
FranklinJRibeiro | 23 andra recensioner | Jan 13, 2023 |



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Associerade författare

Leon Edel Editor, Introduction, Preface
Norman Foerster Contributor
W.H.Auden Contributor
Donald A. Stauffer Introduction
J.C. Ransom Contributor
Evelyn Waugh Contributor
J.G. Riewald Introduction
S.N. Behrman Contributor
Harold Nicolson Contributor
Raphael Israeli Introduction
Boris Artzybasheff Illustrator
T.S. Eliot Contributor
Glenway Wescott Contributor
Edith Wharton Contributor
John Peale Bishop Contributor
John Dos Passos Contributor
Thomas Wolfe Contributor
Gertrude Stein Contributor
Paul Rosenfeld Contributor
Daniel Aaron Introduction
Janet Groth Editor, Introduction
Edward Gorey Illustrator, Typography and cover design
Donald A. Stauffer Introduction
Norman Foerster Contributor
W.H. Auden Contributor
J.C. Ransom Contributor
Louis Menand Foreword
Dominique Aury Translator
Suzanne Mayoux Translator
Geoff Taylor Cover artist
Hugh Kenner Introduction
Mary Gordon Introduction
Lewis M. Dabney Notes, Editor
Paul Bacon Cover designer
Ivan Chermayeff Cover designer
Germano Facetti Cover designer


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