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Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889–1951)

Författare till Tractatus logico-philosophicus

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Om författaren

Born in Vienna, Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein was educated at Linz and Berlin University. In 1908 he went to England, registering as a research student in engineering at the University of Manchester. There he studied Bertrand Russell's (see also Vol. 5) Principles of Mathematics by chance and visa mer decided to study with Russell at Cambridge University. From 1912 to 1913, he studied under Russell's supervision and began to develop the ideas that crystallized in his Tractatus. With the outbreak of World War I, he returned home and volunteered for the Austrian Army. During his military service, he prepared the book published in 1921 as the Tractatus, first translated into English in 1922 by C. K. Ogden. Wittgenstein emerged as a philosopher whose influence spread from Austria to the English-speaking world. Perhaps the most eminent philosopher during the second half of the twentieth century, Wittgenstein had an early impact on the members of the Vienna Circle, with which he was associated. The logical atomism of the Tractatus, with its claims that propositions of logic and mathematics are tautologous and that the cognitive meaning of other sorts of scientific statements is empirical, became the fundamental source of logical positivism, or logical empiricism. Bertrand Russell adopted it as his position, and A. J. Ayer was to accept and profess it 15 years later. From the end of World War I until 1926, Wittgenstein was a schoolteacher in Austria. In 1929 his interest in philosophy renewed, and he returned to Cambridge, where even G. E. Moore came under his spell. At Cambridge Wittgenstein began a new wave in philosophical analysis distinct from the Tractatus, which had inspired the rise of logical positivism. Whereas the earlier Wittgenstein had concentrated on the formal structures of logic and mathematics, the later Wittgenstein attended to the fluidities of ordinary language. His lectures, remarks, conversations, and letters made lasting imprints on the minds of his most brilliant students, who have long since initiated the unending process of publishing them. During his lifetime Wittgenstein himself never published another book after the Tractatus. However, he was explicit that the work disclosing the methods and topics of his later years be published. This work, Philosophical Investigations (1953), is esteemed to be his most mature expression of his philosophical method and thought. (Bowker Author Biography) visa färre
Foto taget av: Photo by Moritz Nähr / Ludwig Wittgenstein circa 1930 / Photo © ÖNB/Wien


Verk av Ludwig Wittgenstein

Tractatus logico-philosophicus (1921) 4,057 exemplar
Philosophical Investigations (1953) 3,372 exemplar
Om visshet (1969) — Författare — 1,322 exemplar
blå boken och bruna boken (1958) 1,309 exemplar
Särskilda anmärkningar (1977) 683 exemplar
Anmärkningar om färger (1978) 402 exemplar
Notebooks, 1914-1916 (1957) 301 exemplar
Zettel (1967) 301 exemplar
Philosophical Grammar (1969) 296 exemplar
Philosophical Remarks (1975) 212 exemplar
Private Notebooks: 1914-1916 (2022) 53 exemplar
Lecture on Ethics (1989) 52 exemplar
The Big Typescript (1983) 44 exemplar
Wörterbuch für Volksschulen (1977) 19 exemplar
Ein Reader. (1996) 18 exemplar
Brieven (2000) 18 exemplar
Diarios, conferencias (2015) 13 exemplar
Kirjoituksia 1929-1938 (1986) 13 exemplar
Wittgenstein (1989) 11 exemplar
Filosofi (1996) 10 exemplar
Fiches (1971) 8 exemplar
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Wittgenstein 5 exemplar
Philosophische Bemerkungen (1964) 5 exemplar
A Wittgenstein Primer (2011) 3 exemplar
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Lettere 1911-1951 (2012) 2 exemplar
Forelæsninger & samtaler (2001) 2 exemplar
Philosophica, numéro 2 (2000) 2 exemplar
O Livro Azul (2008) 2 exemplar
Correspondance philosophique (2015) 2 exemplar
Über Ludwig Wittgenstein (1968) 2 exemplar
Correspondance (Cambridge) (2006) 2 exemplar
Ludwig Wittgenstein, Briefe und Begegnungen — Författare — 1 exemplar
Revue Europe 906, Octobre 2004 : Wittgenstein — Bidragsgivare — 1 exemplar
Os pensadores 1 exemplar
Philosophica, numéro 1 (2000) 1 exemplar
Wiener Ausgabe, Vol. 2 (1994) 1 exemplar
Scritti scelti 1 exemplar
O livro castanho (1992) 1 exemplar
Wiener Ausgabe, Vol. 1 (1994) 1 exemplar
Wiener Ausgabe (1998) 1 exemplar
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Associerade verk

Awakenings (1973) — Bidragsgivare, vissa utgåvor2,406 exemplar
The Age of Analysis: The 20th Century Philosophers (1955) — Bidragsgivare — 402 exemplar
Ludwig Wittgenstein: A Memoir (1958) — Bidragsgivare, vissa utgåvor269 exemplar
The Voices of Wittgenstein: The Vienna Circle (2003)vissa utgåvor18 exemplar
Utopie Eindexamencahier Havo vanaf 2007 (2006) — Bidragsgivare — 11 exemplar


Allmänna fakta

Namn enligt folkbokföringen
Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johann
Andra namn
WITTGENSTEIN, Ludwig Josef Johann
Ascension Parish Burial Ground, Cambridge, UK
UK (1939)
Land (för karta)
Wenen, Wenen, Oostenrijk
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, UK
Wenen, Wenen, Oostenrijk
Linz, Oberösterreich, Oostenrijk
Charlottenburg, Berlin, Duitsland
Manchester, Greater Manchester, England, UK
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, UK
Skjolden, Luster, Sogn og Fjordane, Noorwegen (visa alla 7)
Trattenbach, Niederösterreich, Oostenrijk
Staatsoberrealschule (Linz)
Technische Hochschule (Charlottenburg ∙ Berlijn)
College of Technology (Manchester)
Manchester University (Department of Engineering)
University of Cambridge (Logica|Trinity College)
Bundes-Lehrerbildungsanstalt (Kundmanngasse ∙ Wenen) (visa alla 7)
University of Cambridge (PhD ∙ Filosofie)
Hoogleraar filosofie (Cambridge)
Russell, Bertrand (teacher)
Moore, G. E. (teacher)
Anscombe, G. E. M. (student)
Black, Max (student)
Geach, Peter (student)
Malcolm, Norman (student) (visa alla 9)
Wright, Georg Henrik von (student)
Engelmann, Paul (friend)
Ambrose, Alice (student)
University of Cambridge
Kort biografi
Ludwig Wittgenstein, born in Vienna, Austria to a wealthy family, is considered by some to have been the greatest philosopher of the 20th century. He continues to influence philosophical thought in topics as varied as logic and language, perception and intention, ethics and religion, aesthetics and culture. As a soldier in the Austrian army in World War I, he was captured in 1918 and spent the remaining months of the war in a prison camp, where he wrote the notes and drafts of his first book, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. It was published in 1921 in German and then translated into English the following year. In the 1930s and 1940s, he conducted seminars at Cambridge University, his alma mater, and wrote his second book, Philosophical Investigations, which was published posthumously. His conversations, lecture notes, and letters, have since been published in several volumes, including Ludwig Wittgenstein and the Vienna Circle, The Blue and Brown Books, and Philosophical Grammar.



Arion Press On Certainty? i Fine Press Forum (november 2021)


Visst läste jag den och försökte förstå. Wofon man nicht sprechen kann, daruber muss man schweigen. sade den tidige wittgenstein som avslutning på denna avhandling.
lasseorrskog | 42 andra recensioner | Jun 5, 2014 |



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Associerade författare

Heikki Nyman Translator, Editor
G. E. M. Anscombe Translator, Editor
Rush Rhees Contributor, Editor, Foreword
Yorick Smythies Contributor
James Taylor Contributor
Margaret MacDonald Transcriber of Notes
Ilmārs Blumbergs Cover designer, Illustrator
Jānis Taurens Translator
Frank P. Ramsey Translator
Gajo Petrović Translator
David F. Pears Translator


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