Bild på författaren.

Georg Henrik von Wright (1916–2003)

Författare till Vetenskapen och förnuftet : ett försök till orientering

54+ verk 796 medlemmar 7 recensioner 1 favoritmärkta

Om författaren


(eng) von Wright used to tell British friends that the anglophone pronunciation was correct, since the name derived from a Scotsman (i.e., rhyming with "bright" not “tricked”). The Institute for the Languages of Finland, however, promotes the rendering of the Von Wright surname as "fånvrikt"


Verk av Georg Henrik von Wright

Explanation and Understanding (1971) 80 exemplar
The varieties of goodness (1963) 45 exemplar
Tanke och förkunnelse (1974) 29 exemplar
Wittgenstein (1982) 27 exemplar
Philosophical Logic (1983) 15 exemplar
Mitt liv som jag minns det (2001) 15 exemplar
Logiikka ja humanismi (1998) 13 exemplar
Ihminen kulttuurin murroksessa (1995) 12 exemplar
Tieto ja ymmärrys (1999) 9 exemplar
Filosofisia tutkielmia (1985) 8 exemplar
An Essay in Modal Logic (1951) 5 exemplar
Sobre la libertad humana (2002) 2 exemplar
Lógica deóntica (1901) 2 exemplar
Normas, verdad y lógica (2013) 2 exemplar
Freedom and determination (1980) 2 exemplar
Framsteg, myt, rationalitet (1997) 2 exemplar
Normen, Werte und Handlungen (1994) 1 exemplar
What is Humanism? 1 exemplar

Associerade verk

Om visshet (1969) — Redaktör, vissa utgåvor1,358 exemplar
Särskilda anmärkningar (1977) — Redaktör, vissa utgåvor703 exemplar
Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics (1967) — Redaktör — 361 exemplar
Zettel (1967) — Redaktör, vissa utgåvor311 exemplar
Ludwig Wittgenstein: A Memoir (1958) — Bidragsgivare, vissa utgåvor272 exemplar
Intention and Intentionality: Essays for G. E. M. Anscombe (1979) — Bidragsgivare — 16 exemplar
Wienin piiri (2002) 10 exemplar
Ajatus ja analyysi (1977) 9 exemplar


Allmänna fakta

Vedertaget namn
Wright, Georg Henrik von
Namn enligt folkbokföringen
Wright, Georg Henrik von
Helsinki, Finland
Helsinki, Finland
Helsinki, Finland
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, UK
University of Helsinki (Ph.D.|1941)
University of Cambridge
Kaila, Eino (teacher)
Wittgenstein, Ludwig (teacher)
Hintikka, Jaakko (student)
University of Helsinki (Professor of Philosophy)
University of Cambridge (Professor of Philosophy)
von Wright used to tell British friends that the anglophone pronunciation was correct, since the name derived from a Scotsman (i.e., rhyming with "bright" not “tricked”). The Institute for the Languages of Finland, however, promotes the rendering of the Von Wright surname as "fånvrikt"



Ludwig Wittgenstein was G. H. von Wright’s professor, mentor, and friend. After Wittgenstein died in 1951, Wright became literary executor and spent thirty years collecting, compiling, editing, and publishing the works. Wittgenstein wrote a lot, but published very little during his lifetime, so the task of the literary executor was long and painstaking. Upon publishing the complete works in various editions from 1951 to 1981, Wright wrote the present book as a tribute to his friend and mentor.

The present book, Wittgenstein, focuses on geistige Erscheinung, the overall personality and spiritual makeup of the man. Many people know Wittgenstein as the most influential and brilliant philosopher of logic, language, mathematics, and epistemology of the twentieth century. He invented the philosophical notions of language-games, picture theory and family resemblance. But he had an interesting variety of paths in life.

Wittgenstein, a native of Austria, was an engineer and held a patent for jet propeller design and created a sewing machine design and built it himself. He was also an architect. He played clarinet and considered becoming a conductor. He spoke fluent German, English, and Norwegian. He was an elementary school teacher in remote Austrian villages for several years, and a gardener at a monastery near Vienna. He also studied the psychology of music, rhythm, and aesthetics in the Cambridge Psychological Laboratory. He fought in WWI, was decorated and spent a year in an Italian prison camp. Between battles, and while in the prison camp, he wrote his famous first breakthrough work in the philosophy of language, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (luckily he had the manuscript in his bag when he was captured).

Wright spends a lot of time on Wittgenstein’s views of logic and language. He also delves into the character. Wittgenstein inherited a vast fortune from his father, but felt that wealth corrupted intellectual activity and integrity. So he gave all his money away. To avoid corrupting the virtuous poor, he gave it to his already-wealthy sister.

Ludwig Wittgenstein believed a correct understanding of language-games might even solve most of the day’s social problems. He lived through two world wars, and feared civilization would become a heap of rubble and ashes, with spirits hovering over it. He rigorously studied the Gospels and his spiritual life was influenced by Tolstoy.

Wittgenstein was never at peace with society. He found it “alien and uncongenial.” Before the war, Wittgenstein retreated from society and lived in a hut in Norway for about a year. He said he could not find a home for his work, nor a home for himself.

About ten years after WWI, he became a professor at Cambridge University in England on the strength of the Tractatus. He explained to a potential publisher when shopping the manuscript, that the work “consists of two parts: 1) the one presented here, plus 2) all that I have not written…this second part is the important one.” This publisher and many others declined the honor of publishing the book, which took many years to finally get in print.

Wittgenstein partly inspired the founding principles and creation of the famous Vienna Circle of logical positivists (via Moritz Schlick) in the 1920s and 1930s, then typical for him, declined to be part of it and largely disagreed with them. In many other cases, he expressed dislike for the views of people who claimed to be “followers of Wittgenstein.”

One follower, or at least student, was the author of the present book, G. H. von Wright, who remained lifelong friends with Wittgenstein, and proved to be most well equipped to articulate his mentor’s thinking.

Later, G. H. von Wright himself was mentor to the next generation’s most famous philosopher in language and logic, Professor Jaakko Hintikka (both natives of Finland). Hintikka is the founder of formal epistemic logic and game semantics for logic.

In turn, as a side note, Jaakko Hintikka became the major professor of a younger philosophy-of-language student from 1981 to 1985, Robert Rose-Coutré (me).

Wright’s expansive and generous tribute to Wittgenstein highlights the intensity of Wittgenstein’s sincere belief in his work. The typical intellectual’s “label of ‘Cool Objectivity’ did not fit Wittgenstein. He put his whole soul into everything he did.”

It is obvious that Wright himself put his whole soul into the work as literary executor. Wright spent thirty years searching Europe and the United States for manuscripts, notes, fragments, all scattered across universities, publishers, former students, and other archives. He pieced together timelines, versions, revisions, margin notes, with endless collations. The present book is called a Tribute to Ludwig Wittgenstein, and it is an admirable one. But the real tribute was Wright’s thirty years’ labor ensuring the great mind’s output could be shared with everyone.
… (mer)
Coutre | Dec 23, 2020 |
An excellent account of scientific explanation in natural science. Also contains thoughts on understanding in the human sciences, especially history, but I didn't find that part equally interesting. In any case, von Wright's writing is always exemplary in terms of clarity and definitely worth reading.
thcson | 1 annan recension | Apr 23, 2010 |
Probably one of the deservedly bet known Finnish scientific works.
jukke | Dec 25, 2006 |
Tämä kirja oli humanistien johdontakurssikirja yliopistolla ja syystä tai toisesta jää vaille klassikon statusta.
jukke | Dec 25, 2006 |

Du skulle kanske också gilla

Associerade författare


Även av

Tabeller & diagram