Dorian Gray: Dorian = Faust?
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I think comparisons to Faust are irresistible (mainly because of the figure of Lord Henry which is, as you say, Mephistophelean) but misleading. These are two very different myths.
Faust was a scholar at the end of his life who doubted, at the last moment, whether there was any value in the knowledge he had pursued all his life, at the expense of sensual living. The deal Faust makes with the devil brings him back his youth so that he could have a go at this life of the senses, which is the "real" life.
In contrast, Dorian is a young man, almost an adolescent, who knows nothing. Lord Henry reveals to him the "genius" of his youth and beauty. This is all the knowledge, all the gift Dorian will ever possess ("genius" meaning not just extraordinary talent but a spiritual guidance, lead, emblem of destiny.) While superficially both Faust and Dorian embark on a life of pleasure-seeking, Faust does it in order to live the authentic life, while Dorian rejected living authentically in favour of artifice. Dorian's real existence is lived by his portrait.