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Blood Brothers: The Fatal Friendship Between…
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Blood Brothers: The Fatal Friendship Between Muhammad Ali and Malcolm X (utgåvan 2016)

av Randy Roberts (Författare)

MedlemmarRecensionerPopularitetGenomsnittligt betygOmnämnanden
972209,975 (4.11)2
In 1962, boxing writers and fans considered Cassius Clay an obnoxious self-promoter, and few believed that he would become the heavyweight champion of the world. But Malcolm X, the most famous minister in the Nation of Islam-a sect many white Americans deemed a hate cult-saw the potential in Clay, not just for boxing greatness, but as a means of spreading the Nation's message. The two became fast friends, keeping their interactions secret from the press for fear of jeopardizing Clay's career. Clay began living a double life-a patriotic "good Negro" in public, and a radical reformer behind the scenes. Soon, however, their friendship would sour, with disastrous and far-reaching consequences. Based on previously untapped sources, from Malcolm's personal papers to FBI records, Blood Brothers is the first book to offer an in-depth portrait of this complex bond. Acclaimed historians Randy Roberts and Johnny Smith reconstruct the worlds that shaped Malcolm and Clay, from the boxing arenas and mosques, to postwar New York and civil rights-era Miami. In an impressively detailed account, they reveal how Malcolm molded Cassius Clay into Muhammad Ali, helping him become an international symbol of black pride and black independence. Yet when Malcolm was barred from the Nation for criticizing the philandering of its leader, Elijah Muhammad, Ali turned his back on Malcolm-a choice that tragically contributed to the latter's assassination in February 1965. Malcolm's death marked the end of a critical phase of the civil rights movement, but the legacy of his friendship with Ali has endured. We inhabit a new era where the roles of entertainer and activist, of sports and politics, are more entwined than ever before. Blood Brothers is the story of how Ali redefined what it means to be a black athlete in America-after Malcolm first enlightened him. An extraordinary narrative of love and deep affection, as well as deceit, betrayal, and violence, this story is a window into the public and private lives of two of our greatest national icons, and the tumultuous period in American history that they helped to shape.… (mer)
Medlem:rp12j
Titel:Blood Brothers: The Fatal Friendship Between Muhammad Ali and Malcolm X
Författare:Randy Roberts (Författare)
Info:Basic Books (2016), Edition: Reprint, 400 pages
Samlingar:Ditt bibliotek
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Blood Brothers: The Fatal Friendship Between Muhammad Ali and Malcolm X av Randy Roberts

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I've never been a fan of boxing and I'm no expert on the Civil Rights era, but this was a very compelling read. Malcolm X was a minister for the Nation of Islam (NOI) and basically a black supremacist. Cassius Clay was a talented young boxer with a big mouth and a gift for self-promotion. Their unlikely friendship, however, had dangerous results for both of them.

Malcolm X disagreed with the non-confrontational and patient "we shall overcome" approach of Martin Luther King, advocating instead for violent means if necessary to secure respect and rights for blacks. He became a rising star in the NOI and was known as "The Messenger" for Elijah Muhammad, the frail but self-proclaimed prophet Muhammad, for his fierce loyalty and captivating speaking ability.

Cassius Clay was also a rising star in the boxing world. After winning a gold medal at the Rome Olympics, he commenced a professional boxing career, winning most of his fights by knockout. He adopted an egotistical style of self-promotion but was really a quiet and thoughtful person who strongly believed in clean living and was drawn to the doctrines of the NOI because of his upbringing and the friendship with Malcolm X.

At the time Clay defeated Sonny Liston for the heavyweight title, Malcolm's standing in the NOI was declining. He was bothered by the passive stand the NOI took on black rights, but he'd also learned of Elijah Muhammad's many infidelities and was bothered by the NOI's exploitation of poor blacks. Clay, however, became caught in the middle between Malcolm and Elijah, and when Malcolm was ousted from the movement, Elijah pulled Clay in closer and gave him a new name: Muhammed Ali.

This is a fascinating look at the lives of both men and their relationship with the NOI - a relationship that eventually cost Malcolm X his life. I remember watching part of the fights against Leon Spinks as a kid in 1978, but knew nothing of his highly controversial past. I knew even less about Malcolm X, and was surprised at his extreme racism prior to his split with the NOI. (Honestly, neither of the men came off as likable, but the authors really illustrate the reasons behind their views and I felt I understood why the felt the way they did.) But this was an interesting book, and sometimes I could hardly put it down. (I received an advance copy from Amazon Vine.) ( )
  J.Green | Nov 22, 2016 |
Interesting book on the frienship between Muhammad Ali and Malcolm X. Ali broke off the friendship after Malcolm broke with Elijah Muhammad.
  velopunk | Oct 24, 2016 |
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In 1962, boxing writers and fans considered Cassius Clay an obnoxious self-promoter, and few believed that he would become the heavyweight champion of the world. But Malcolm X, the most famous minister in the Nation of Islam-a sect many white Americans deemed a hate cult-saw the potential in Clay, not just for boxing greatness, but as a means of spreading the Nation's message. The two became fast friends, keeping their interactions secret from the press for fear of jeopardizing Clay's career. Clay began living a double life-a patriotic "good Negro" in public, and a radical reformer behind the scenes. Soon, however, their friendship would sour, with disastrous and far-reaching consequences. Based on previously untapped sources, from Malcolm's personal papers to FBI records, Blood Brothers is the first book to offer an in-depth portrait of this complex bond. Acclaimed historians Randy Roberts and Johnny Smith reconstruct the worlds that shaped Malcolm and Clay, from the boxing arenas and mosques, to postwar New York and civil rights-era Miami. In an impressively detailed account, they reveal how Malcolm molded Cassius Clay into Muhammad Ali, helping him become an international symbol of black pride and black independence. Yet when Malcolm was barred from the Nation for criticizing the philandering of its leader, Elijah Muhammad, Ali turned his back on Malcolm-a choice that tragically contributed to the latter's assassination in February 1965. Malcolm's death marked the end of a critical phase of the civil rights movement, but the legacy of his friendship with Ali has endured. We inhabit a new era where the roles of entertainer and activist, of sports and politics, are more entwined than ever before. Blood Brothers is the story of how Ali redefined what it means to be a black athlete in America-after Malcolm first enlightened him. An extraordinary narrative of love and deep affection, as well as deceit, betrayal, and violence, this story is a window into the public and private lives of two of our greatest national icons, and the tumultuous period in American history that they helped to shape.

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