HemGrupperDiskuteraMerTidsandan
Sök igenom hela webbplatsen
Denna webbplats använder kakor för att fungera optimalt, analysera användarbeteende och för att visa reklam (om du inte är inloggad). Genom att använda LibraryThing intygar du att du har läst och förstått våra Regler och integritetspolicy. All användning av denna webbplats lyder under dessa regler.
Hide this

Resultat från Google Book Search

Klicka på en bild för att gå till Google Book Search.

Rush: Revolution, Madness, and Benjamin…
Laddar...

Rush: Revolution, Madness, and Benjamin Rush, the Visionary Doctor Who… (utgåvan 2019)

av Stephen Fried (Författare)

MedlemmarRecensionerPopularitetGenomsnittligt betygOmnämnanden
1209181,664 (4.24)11
"The remarkable story of Benjamin Rush, medical pioneer and one of our nation's most provocative and unsung Founding Fathers ... One of the youngest signatories [of the Declaration of Independence] ... he was also, among stiff competition, one of the most visionary. A brilliant physician and writer, Rush was known as the "American Hippocrates" for pioneering national healthcare and revolutionizing treatment of mental illness and addiction. Yet medicine is only part of his legacy. Dr. Rush was both a progressive thorn in the side of the American political establishment--a vocal opponent of slavery, capital punishment, and prejudice by race, religion or gender--and close friends with its most prominent leaders. He was the protégé of Franklin, the editor of Common Sense, Washington's surgeon general, and the broker of peace between Adams and Jefferson, yet his stubborn convictions more than once threatened his career and his place in the narrative of America's founding. Drawing on a trove of previously unpublished letters and images, the voluminous correspondence between Rush and his better-known counterparts, and his candid and incisive personal writings ... Stephen Fried ... finally installs Dr. Rush in the pantheon of great American leaders."--Provided by publisher.… (mer)
Medlem:pchristie1
Titel:Rush: Revolution, Madness, and Benjamin Rush, the Visionary Doctor Who Became a Founding Father
Författare:Stephen Fried (Författare)
Info:Crown (2019), Edition: Illustrated, 624 pages
Samlingar:Ditt bibliotek
Betyg:
Taggar:Ingen/inga

Verkdetaljer

Rush: Revolution, Madness, and Benjamin Rush, the Visionary Doctor Who Became a Founding Father av Stephen Fried

Laddar...

Gå med i LibraryThing för att få reda på om du skulle tycka om den här boken.

Det finns inga diskussioner på LibraryThing om den här boken.

» Se även 11 omnämnanden

Visa 1-5 av 9 (nästa | visa alla)
In 2020, The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Library introduced a Book Club with recommended readings. Rush was one of the first recommended, and I found it very informative. This Founding Father, who was also a signer of the Declaration of Independence, has not been as extensively covered as others such as John Adams and Thomas Jefferson -- incidentally, Rush helped the two reconcile their temporary rift in their friendship. This book fleshes out Benjamin Rush and his accomplishments. He was a doctor who had some ideas that include those regarding mental illness and abolition of slavery that were unfortunately not common during his time. ( )
  ValerieAndBooks | Sep 28, 2021 |
Very well researched and breezily written book on a Founding Father few know about. Benjamin Rush's contributions to our nation's fight for independence, interactions with all the "main players," and immense efforts at not just medical practice but advocacy for mental health cannot be understated. Rush led by example by not simply writing about abolition, but helping to found some of the first African-American churches in the country and promoting the idea that we're all the same intellectually. Had more heeded his words, we might have avoided a civil war...

Unlike most historical books/biographies, there are illustrations throughout. This is nice because the images are placed at appropriate places, rather than scores of pages after individuals are referenced. This gives the reader a better sense of the book's subjects in "real time."

Highly recommended. ( )
  Jarratt | Oct 15, 2020 |
Person I've been interested in. ( )
  MarianneAudio | Aug 15, 2020 |
This was one of the best biographies I’ve read in a long time, and I’m so glad this was the book that introduced me to Benjamin Rush. He was amazingly multitalented, and I have no idea how one person could do so much. He spent most of his time studying and practicing medicine, but for a time he also became involved in politics and even signed the Declaration of Independence. Later, he became disgusted with politics and withdrew to go back to medicine, but he maintained a voluminous correspondence with both John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. He also became an abolitionist and freed the single slave he had. He also made efforts to lobby the Constitutional Convention to “include language abolishing slavery and offering full voting citizenship to free blacks.” (Page 297). In addition, he became friends became friends with several black preachers and helped them found their churches. He was also a fierce proponent of public education, including higher education, and founded a college. He supported educating women to the same extent as men, arguing among other things that children learn first from their mothers.

He was also very accomplished as a medical doctor. During the Revolutionary War, he wrote to Washington and asked him to order all his troops to be inoculated against smallpox. Washington agreed, and it is estimated that this three-paragraph letter saved more lives than anything else any doctor did during the Revolutionary War. Later, he taught at the first medical school in the United States. He is also considered the founding father of American psychiatry, and for decades his face was on the seal of the APA. Rush was one of the first people to believe that “madness” was actually an illness that could and should be treated using the best medical knowledge available, as opposed to an issue of morality or some other personal failing. For example, he was one of the first to recognize alcoholism as a physical illness: “In 1784, after less than a year on the hospital staff, he published a ten-page pamphlet called “An Enquiry into the Effects of Spirituous Liquors upon the Human Body, and Their Influence upon the Happiness of Society,” which offered one of the first modern descriptions of the effects of chronic alcohol use.” (Page 265). He also supported using the forerunners of modern occupational and talk therapy.

Rush’s first full-length book, titled ““Medical Inquiries and Observations,” became the first American medical book widely known across the country, and even in Europe. Patients and physicians even began contacting him and asking for diagnoses by mail. And when he tried to tactfully discourage this practice by explaining that postage rates were too high for him to respond to all the letters, the letter writers simply began including money to pay for postage along with the letters.

During the great 1793 yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia, he stayed behind to treat the ill rather than leave Philadelphia with his wife and children. His actions were heroic, considering that there was no cure for yellow fever at the time, no one knew what caused it, and he did end up contracting the disease from the people he treated for free, although he survived. It’s worth pointing out that even today there is no cure that specifically targets the yellow fever virus, although there are several preventative measures – mosquito control and a yellow fever vaccine (receiving the vaccine is a condition for travelling to some parts of Africa and other areas where yellow fever commonly occurs). He insisted in his letters that staying behind to treat the ill, even at his own risk, was a religious obligation – he said that while the Old Testament required men to love their neighbors as themselves, the New required them to love their neighbors better than themselves. Despite his strong religious convictions, he ardently supported the separation of church and state and corresponded with atheists and Deists.

Some other physicians also stayed in Philadelphia to treat patients, and they used different methods to treat yellow fever than Rush did. This precipitated an ugly battle of egos between Rush and competing physicians, as well as a conflict over race:

“Carey’s [a competing physician] book refueled every fight that had just died down in the medical and political communities and instigated a new one between the races: he reported that the black men and women who had been so heroic [in staying behind to help treat yellow fever patients] had also overcharged many people and plundered some of their houses…Rush did not respond publicly to Carey’s book…But he no doubt encouraged the book-length response to it written by Absalom Jones and Richard Allen. Their book, “A Narrative of the Proceedings of the Black People, During the Late Awful Calamity in Philadelphia, in the year 1793: and a Refutation of Some Censures, Thrown upon Them in Some Late Publications,” was published on January 24, 1794, and became a landmark in many ways. It was the first copyrighted book ever written by African Americans, and it was also the first time black authors challenged a prominent white journalist – and some of Philadelphia’s more racist (yet unnamed) citizens – in print.” (Pages 368-369).

It was widely believed at the time that black people could not contract yellow fever (obviously this isn’t true, as shown by city records, although many had doubtless been exposed in Africa and had become immune), and they were encouraged to stay behind to help treat the ill. Many did, and Rush hoped this would help improve race relations. Unfortunately, it did not.

In addition to new editions of “Medical Inquiries and Observations” (which included his thoughts on mental illness), Rush wrote a book defending his treatment methods during the 1793 epidemic. By 1794, his most recent edition of “Medical Inquiries and Observations” and his book on yellow fever became known in England and Germany. The yellow fever book was also published in London, where it became well-known and “aggressively” reviewed.

Rush was also active as a medical school professor at the University of Pennsylvania. In addition to his regular duties in training physicians, he also wrote and delivered a new “Introductory Lecture to courses of Lectures upon the Institutes and Practice of Medicine” to start the school year each fall. He started doing this in 1791, as soon as the medical school opened, and looked forward to giving a new one each year:

“In the years to come he gave a lecture on Hippocrates; another “On the duty and advantages of studying the diseases of domestic animals, and the remedies proper to remove them” – which would be considered the beginning of veterinary medicine…One year he even took on “the duties of patients to their physicians, which, among his advice on specific ways to follow doctors’ orders, also explained the right way to fire your physician.” (Pages 414-415).

In the fall of 1812, Rush published his magnum opus, “Medical Inquiries and Observations, upon the Diseases of the Mind.” As the book explained,

“The title was meant to link the book to his life-long medical text project, but most people referred to it by the shortened name embossed on the spine: Rush on the Mind. It was a late-career effort by the most celebrated doctor in America to bring all his credibility as a physician, a scientist, a revolutionary, and a man of faith to the most vexing and painful problem of all: mental illness, and society’s failure to understand and care for some of its most marginalized members.” (Page 468).

It was the first American book to specifically deal with mental illness and addiction, and Rush’s greatest legacy to American medicine ( )
  Jennifer708 | Mar 21, 2020 |
This was one of the best biographies I’ve read in a long time, and I’m so glad this was the book that introduced me to Benjamin Rush. He was amazingly multitalented, and I have no idea how one person could do so much. He spent most of his time studying and practicing medicine, but for a time he also became involved in politics and even signed the Declaration of Independence. Later, he became disgusted with politics and withdrew to go back to medicine, but he maintained a voluminous correspondence with both John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. He also became an abolitionist and freed the single slave he had. He also made efforts to lobby the Constitutional Convention to “include language abolishing slavery and offering full voting citizenship to free blacks.” (Page 297). In addition, he became friends became friends with several black preachers and helped them found their churches. He was also a fierce proponent of public education, including higher education, and founded a college. He supported educating women to the same extent as men, arguing among other things that children learn first from their mothers.

He was also very accomplished as a medical doctor. During the Revolutionary War, he wrote to Washington and asked him to order all his troops to be inoculated against smallpox. Washington agreed, and it is estimated that this three-paragraph letter saved more lives than anything else any doctor did during the Revolutionary War. Later, he taught at the first medical school in the United States. He is also considered the founding father of American psychiatry, and for decades his face was on the seal of the APA. Rush was one of the first people to believe that “madness” was actually an illness that could and should be treated using the best medical knowledge available, as opposed to an issue of morality or some other personal failing. For example, he was one of the first to recognize alcoholism as a physical illness: “In 1784, after less than a year on the hospital staff, he published a ten-page pamphlet called “An Enquiry into the Effects of Spirituous Liquors upon the Human Body, and Their Influence upon the Happiness of Society,” which offered one of the first modern descriptions of the effects of chronic alcohol use.” (Page 265). He also supported using the forerunners of modern occupational and talk therapy.

Rush’s first full-length book, titled ““Medical Inquiries and Observations,” became the first American medical book widely known across the country, and even in Europe. Patients and physicians even began contacting him and asking for diagnoses by mail. And when he tried to tactfully discourage this practice by explaining that postage rates were too high for him to respond to all the letters, the letter writers simply began including money to pay for postage along with the letters.

During the great 1793 yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia, he stayed behind to treat the ill rather than leave Philadelphia with his wife and children. His actions were heroic, considering that there was no cure for yellow fever at the time, no one knew what caused it, and he did end up contracting the disease from the people he treated for free, although he survived. It’s worth pointing out that even today there is no cure that specifically targets the yellow fever virus, although there are several preventative measures – mosquito control and a yellow fever vaccine (receiving the vaccine is a condition for travelling to some parts of Africa and other areas where yellow fever commonly occurs). He insisted in his letters that staying behind to treat the ill, even at his own risk, was a religious obligation – he said that while the Old Testament required men to love their neighbors as themselves, the New required them to love their neighbors better than themselves. Despite his strong religious convictions, he ardently supported the separation of church and state and corresponded with atheists and Deists.

Some other physicians also stayed in Philadelphia to treat patients, and they used different methods to treat yellow fever than Rush did. This precipitated an ugly battle of egos between Rush and competing physicians, as well as a conflict over race:

“Carey’s [a competing physician] book refueled every fight that had just died down in the medical and political communities and instigated a new one between the races: he reported that the black men and women who had been so heroic [in staying behind to help treat yellow fever patients] had also overcharged many people and plundered some of their houses…Rush did not respond publicly to Carey’s book…But he no doubt encouraged the book-length response to it written by Absalom Jones and Richard Allen. Their book, “A Narrative of the Proceedings of the Black People, During the Late Awful Calamity in Philadelphia, in the year 1793: and a Refutation of Some Censures, Thrown upon Them in Some Late Publications,” was published on January 24, 1794, and became a landmark in many ways. It was the first copyrighted book ever written by African Americans, and it was also the first time black authors challenged a prominent white journalist – and some of Philadelphia’s more racist (yet unnamed) citizens – in print.” (Pages 368-369).

It was widely believed at the time that black people could not contract yellow fever (obviously this isn’t true, as shown by city records, although many had doubtless been exposed in Africa and had become immune), and they were encouraged to stay behind to help treat the ill. Many did, and Rush hoped this would help improve race relations. Unfortunately, it did not.

In addition to new editions of “Medical Inquiries and Observations” (which included his thoughts on mental illness), Rush wrote a book defending his treatment methods during the 1793 epidemic. By 1794, his most recent edition of “Medical Inquiries and Observations” and his book on yellow fever became known in England and Germany. The yellow fever book was also published in London, where it became well-known and “aggressively” reviewed.

Rush was also active as a medical school professor at the University of Pennsylvania. In addition to his regular duties in training physicians, he also wrote and delivered a new “Introductory Lecture to courses of Lectures upon the Institutes and Practice of Medicine” to start the school year each fall. He started doing this in 1791, as soon as the medical school opened, and looked forward to giving a new one each year:

“In the years to come he gave a lecture on Hippocrates; another “On the duty and advantages of studying the diseases of domestic animals, and the remedies proper to remove them” – which would be considered the beginning of veterinary medicine…One year he even took on “the duties of patients to their physicians, which, among his advice on specific ways to follow doctors’ orders, also explained the right way to fire your physician.” (Pages 414-415).

In the fall of 1812, Rush published his magnum opus, “Medical Inquiries and Observations, upon the Diseases of the Mind.” As the book explained,

“The title was meant to link the book to his life-long medical text project, but most people referred to it by the shortened name embossed on the spine: Rush on the Mind. It was a late-career effort by the most celebrated doctor in America to bring all his credibility as a physician, a scientist, a revolutionary, and a man of faith to the most vexing and painful problem of all: mental illness, and society’s failure to understand and care for some of its most marginalized members.” (Page 468).

It was the first American book to specifically deal with mental illness and addiction, and Rush’s greatest legacy to American medicine ( )
  Jennifer708 | Mar 21, 2020 |
Visa 1-5 av 9 (nästa | visa alla)
inga recensioner | lägg till en recension
Du måste logga in för att ändra Allmänna fakta.
Mer hjälp finns på hjälpsidan för Allmänna fakta.
Vedertagen titel
Originaltitel
Alternativa titlar
Första utgivningsdatum
Personer/gestalter
Information från den engelska sidan med allmänna fakta. Redigera om du vill anpassa till ditt språk.
Viktiga platser
Viktiga händelser
Relaterade filmer
Priser och utmärkelser
Information från den engelska sidan med allmänna fakta. Redigera om du vill anpassa till ditt språk.
Motto
Dedikation
Inledande ord
Citat
Avslutande ord
Särskiljningsnotis
Förlagets redaktörer
På omslaget citeras
Ursprungsspråk
Kanonisk DDC/MDS
Kanonisk LCC

Hänvisningar till detta verk hos externa resurser.

Wikipedia på engelska

Ingen/inga

"The remarkable story of Benjamin Rush, medical pioneer and one of our nation's most provocative and unsung Founding Fathers ... One of the youngest signatories [of the Declaration of Independence] ... he was also, among stiff competition, one of the most visionary. A brilliant physician and writer, Rush was known as the "American Hippocrates" for pioneering national healthcare and revolutionizing treatment of mental illness and addiction. Yet medicine is only part of his legacy. Dr. Rush was both a progressive thorn in the side of the American political establishment--a vocal opponent of slavery, capital punishment, and prejudice by race, religion or gender--and close friends with its most prominent leaders. He was the protégé of Franklin, the editor of Common Sense, Washington's surgeon general, and the broker of peace between Adams and Jefferson, yet his stubborn convictions more than once threatened his career and his place in the narrative of America's founding. Drawing on a trove of previously unpublished letters and images, the voluminous correspondence between Rush and his better-known counterparts, and his candid and incisive personal writings ... Stephen Fried ... finally installs Dr. Rush in the pantheon of great American leaders."--Provided by publisher.

Inga biblioteksbeskrivningar kunde hittas.

Bokbeskrivning
Haiku-sammanfattning

LibraryThing-författare

Stephen Fried är en LibraryThing-författare, en författare som lägger upp sitt personliga bibliotek på LibraryThing.

profilsida | författarsida

Populära omslag

Snabblänkar

Betyg

Medelbetyg: (4.24)
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3 1
3.5 1
4 9
4.5 1
5 5

 

Om | Kontakt | LibraryThing.com | Sekretess/Villkor | Hjälp/Vanliga frågor | Blogg | Butik | APIs | TinyCat | Efterlämnade bibliotek | Förhandsrecensenter | Allmänna fakta | 163,256,020 böcker! | Topplisten: Alltid synlig