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Professorn och galningen : en berättelse om mord, vansinne och… (1998)

av Simon Winchester

Andra författare: Se under Andra författare.

MedlemmarRecensionerPopularitetGenomsnittligt betygOmnämnanden
10,296250493 (3.8)411
The creation of the Oxford English Dictionary began in 1857, took seventy years to complete, drew from tens of thousands of brilliant minds, and organized the sprawling language into 414,825 precise definitions. But hidden within the rituals of its creation is a fascinating and mysterious story - a story of two remarkable men whose strange twenty-year relationship lies at the core of this historic undertaking. Professor James Murray, an astonishingly learned former schoolmaster and bank clerk, was the distinguished editor of the OED project. Dr. William Chester Minor, an American surgeon from New Haven, Connecticut, who had served in the Civil War, was one of thousands of contributors who submitted illustrative quotations of words to be used in the dictionary. But Minor was no ordinary contributor. He was remarkably prolific, sending thousands of neat, handwritten quotations from his home in the small village of Crowthorne, fifty miles from Oxford. On numerous occasions Murray invited Minor to visit Oxford and celebrate his work, but Murray's offer was regularly - and mysteriously - refused. Thus the two men, for two decades, maintained a close relationship only through correspondence. Finally, in 1896, after Minor had sent nearly ten thousand definitions to the dictionary but had still never traveled from his home, a puzzled Murray set out to visit him. It was then that Murray finally learned the truth about Minor - that, in addition to being a masterful wordsmith, Minor was also a murderer, clinically insane - and locked up in Broadmoor, England's harshest asylum for criminal lunatics.… (mer)
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    The Meaning of Everything: The Story of the Oxford English Dictionary av Simon Winchester (PuddinTame)
    PuddinTame: Two accounts of the creation of the Oxford English Dictionary. The Meaning of Everything is a history of how the dictionary was created. The Professor and the Madman is focussed on a peculiar story: a detailed acccount of the man who contributed the most entries to the Oxford English Dictionary, while living in the Broadmoor Asylum (near Crawthorne) for the Criminally Insane.… (mer)
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» Se även 411 omnämnanden

engelska (242)  indonesiska (2)  tyska (2)  nederländska (1)  katalanska (1)  hebreiska (1)  Alla språk (249)
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The nonfiction account of the editor of the Oxford English Dictionary and an insane murderer who contributed to the OED's creation. The first half was fascinating, but it began to lag around the middle. The murderer, a Civil War doctor, has a tragic story. I did love the info about the decades-long process of creating the dictionary. I had no idea it was such a complicated process and one that truly streamlined the English language for the first time. ( )
  bookworm12 | Nov 17, 2020 |
It was the chance to learn about the history behind the creation of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) that attracted me to this book. I am not sure I have ever used the OED or if I have I do not remember noting its unique characteristics. The quite novel approach that was used to collect the examples of word use was such an obvious solution in an age without computers but that made my surprise all the more enjoyable. Taking 70 years to complete the overall effort with individuals dedicating the better parts of their lives to the goal, often not to see the ultimate culmination of their efforts in their lifetime, is a demonstration of commitment and persistence that we rarely see today. The story of Dr. William Chester Minor (the Madman) and his relationship with Professor James Murray (the architect of the dictionary) accomplished its goal of bringing a human interest aspect to the telling, but it seemed a bit contrived for just that purpose. Not contrived in that it didn’t happen, but contrived in its elevation to the same level as the efforts of James Murray and the creation of the dictionary itself. I did appreciate the view this part of the story provided into mental health care at that time. Overall, I enjoyed the book, what I learned about the Oxford English Dictionary and the men who dedicated their lives to its creation. ( )
  afkendrick | Oct 24, 2020 |
Remember loving this especially for nonfiction. Compelling reading. ( )
  CarrieWuj | Oct 24, 2020 |
The Professor and the Madman, masterfully researched and eloquently written, is an extraordinary tale of madness, genius, and the incredible obsessions of two remarkable men that led to the making of the Oxford English Dictionary -- and literary history. The compilation of the OED, begun in 1857, was one of the most ambitious projects ever undertaken. As definitions were collected, the overseeing committee, led by Professor James Murray, discovered that one man, Dr. W. C. Minor, had submitted more than ten thousand. When the committee insisted on honoring him, a shocking truth came to light: Dr. Minor, an American Civil War veteran, was also an inmate at an asylum for the criminally insane. ( )
  jepeters333 | Oct 10, 2020 |
A fascinating look into the making of the OED, and the two very different men who dedicated their lives to creating it. You can tell that a great deal of research went into building this story, as well as a bit of serendipity, as is the case in any great venture ( )
  Lindsay_W | Sep 30, 2020 |
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Here, as so consistently throughout, Winchester finds exactly the right tool to frame the scene.
tillagd av John_Vaughan | ändraPowells, Dave Weich (Oct 1, 2001)
 

» Lägg till fler författare (22 möjliga)

Författarens namnRollTyp av författareVerk?Status
Winchester, Simonprimär författarealla utgåvorbekräftat
Hood, PhilipIllustratörmedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Out, PeterÖversättaremedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Pracher, RickOmslagsformgivaremedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
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Popular myth has it that one of the most remarkable conversations in modern literary history took place on a cool and misty late autumn in 1896, in the small village of Crowthorne in the county of Berkshire.
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One word --and only one word-- was ever actually lost: bondmaid, which appears in Johnson's dictionary, was actually lost by Murray and was found, a stray without a home, long after the fascicle Battentlie - Bozzom had been published. It, and tens of thousands of words that had evolved or appeared during the forty-four years spent assembling the fascicles and their [twelve] parent volumes, appeared in a supplement, which came out in 1933. Four further supplements appeared between 1972 and 1986. In 1989, using the new abilities of the computer, Oxford University Press issued its fully integrated second edition, incorporating all the changes and additions of the supplements in twenty rather more slender volumes. [220]
Defining words properly is a fine and peculiar craft. There are rules—a word (to take a noun as an example) must first be defined according to the class of things to which it belongs (mammal, quadruped), and then differentiated from other members of that class (bovine, female). There must be no words in the definition that are more complicated or less likely to be known than the word being defined. The definition must say what something is, and not what it is not. If there is a range of meanings of any one word—cow having a broad range of meanings, cower having essentially only one—then they must be stated. And all the words in the definition must be found elsewhere in the dictionary—a reader must never happen upon a word in the dictionary that he or she cannot discover elsewhere in it. If the definer contrives to follow all these rules, stirs into the mix an ever-pressing need for concision and elegance—and if he or she is true to the task, a proper definition will probably result.
He would index and collect and collate words and sentences from each of the books, until his prison desk was heavy with the quires of paper, each one containing a master-list of the indexed words from his eclectic, very valuable and much valued little gem of a library.... He had made a key, a Victorian word-Rolodex, a dictionary-within-a-dictionary, and instantly available.
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UK title: The Surgeon of Crowthorne
US title: The Professor and the Madman
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The creation of the Oxford English Dictionary began in 1857, took seventy years to complete, drew from tens of thousands of brilliant minds, and organized the sprawling language into 414,825 precise definitions. But hidden within the rituals of its creation is a fascinating and mysterious story - a story of two remarkable men whose strange twenty-year relationship lies at the core of this historic undertaking. Professor James Murray, an astonishingly learned former schoolmaster and bank clerk, was the distinguished editor of the OED project. Dr. William Chester Minor, an American surgeon from New Haven, Connecticut, who had served in the Civil War, was one of thousands of contributors who submitted illustrative quotations of words to be used in the dictionary. But Minor was no ordinary contributor. He was remarkably prolific, sending thousands of neat, handwritten quotations from his home in the small village of Crowthorne, fifty miles from Oxford. On numerous occasions Murray invited Minor to visit Oxford and celebrate his work, but Murray's offer was regularly - and mysteriously - refused. Thus the two men, for two decades, maintained a close relationship only through correspondence. Finally, in 1896, after Minor had sent nearly ten thousand definitions to the dictionary but had still never traveled from his home, a puzzled Murray set out to visit him. It was then that Murray finally learned the truth about Minor - that, in addition to being a masterful wordsmith, Minor was also a murderer, clinically insane - and locked up in Broadmoor, England's harshest asylum for criminal lunatics.

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Penguin Australia

2 utgåvor av den här boken publicerades av Penguin Australia.

Utgåvor: 0140271287, 0141037717

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