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An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (1748)

av David Hume

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'Commit it then to the flames: for it can contain nothing but sophistry and illusion.'Thus ends David Hume's Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, the definitive statement of the greatest philosopher in the English language. His arguments in support of reasoning from experience, and against the 'sophistry and illusion' of religiously inspired philosophical fantasies, causedcontroversy in the eighteenth century and are strikingly relevant today, when faith and science continue to clash.The Enquiry considers the origin and processes of human thought, reaching the stark conclusion that we can have no ultimate understanding of the physical world, or indeed our own minds. In either sphere we must depend on instinctive learning from experience, recognizing our animal nature and thelimits of reason. Hume's calm and open-minded scepticism thus aims to provide a new basis for science, liberating us from the 'superstition' of false metaphysics and religion. His Enquiry remains one of the best introductions to the study of philosophy, and this edition places it in its historicaland philosophical context.… (mer)
Senast inlagd avprivat bibliotek, Hillside_Library, Frederic_Schneider, Buchvogel, UpperGreyLibrary, gnav, Robbie1970
Efterlämnade bibliotekJoseph Priestley
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» Se även 13 omnämnanden

engelska (16)  franska (2)  nederländska (2)  Alla språk (20)
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I am uncertain about the implications of these ideas, but Hume is convincing, presents them well. ( )
  100sheets | Jun 7, 2021 |
After his three-volume Treatise of Human Nature dropped like a rock to the bottom of the pool of British philosophic writing, Hume set out to write a briefer, more accessible version -- the Enquiry concerning Human Understanding. One of the early points it makes is that most endeavors to write about the nature of thought are hopeless and nearly impossible to understand. With that disclaimer, Hume sets out to contradict himself by writing lucidly about, while candidly acknowledging the severe limits of, this topic. He uses logic to show that most human understanding falls into two categories: a very small group of innate truths deducible by logic, like every triangle has three sides, and a much larger group -- nearly everything we "know" -- which is based on reality-based observation. This latter group always has, at a fundamental level, an element of probabilistic assumption: Things customarily happened this way before, so they probably will again. Thus almost everything we (think we) know about the world is based on empirical experience, not pure logic. So . . .how did he figure this all out? ( )
  oatleyr | Aug 22, 2020 |
Worth re-reading every so often. ( )
  MccMichaelR | Jul 25, 2020 |
Vertaling van een van de bekendste werken van de Britse filosoof Hume (1711-1776). Hierin maakt de verlichtingsfilosoof schoon schip met alle metafysische problemen en stelt voorgoed de grenzen van zijn denken vast. Wie de invloed van Hume en van zijn empirisme kent op de filosofie van Kant en op het moderne empirisme (tot en met Wittgenstein) zal de belangrijkheid van dit boek begrijpen, zowel voor de filosofie als voor de geschiedenis ervan. Een vlotte en accurate vertaling met een gedegen inleiding, tevens voorzien van een korte bibliografie en verklarende lijst van vaktermen. Deze tweede druk werd licht herzien. ( )
  aitastaes | Mar 5, 2019 |
From the Oxford World’s Classic Summary:

David Hume's Enquiry concerning Human Understanding is the definitive statement of the greatest philosopher in the English language. His arguments in support of reasoning from experience, and against the "sophistry and illusion"of religiously inspired philosophical fantasies, caused controversy in the eighteenth century and are strikingly relevant today, when faith and science continue to clash.
[… His Enquiry remains one of the best introductions to the study of philosophy, and his edition places it in its historical and philosophical context.


I would certainly agree that it was a good introduction to the study of philosophy. It held my attention, for the most part, on a long train ride, and it was well constructed. It’s definitely the kind of thing I’d have to read multiple times to get everything out of—and I’d need to read some commentary as well to get the full benefit—but it was very readable. And yes, there were definitely parts that sounded highly relevant to today. ( )
  rabbitprincess | Oct 1, 2018 |
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Författarens namnRollTyp av författareVerk?Status
Hume, Davidprimär författarealla utgåvorbekräftat
Camps, VictòriaRedaktörmedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Flew, AnthonyRedaktörmedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Gaja, VojtěchÖversättaremedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Hendel, Charles WilliamRedaktörmedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Ikere, ZaigaÖversättaremedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Millican, Peter J. R.Redaktörmedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Moural, JosefÖversättaremedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Sala-Valldaura, Josep MariaÖversättaremedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Selby-Bigge, Lewis AmherstRedaktörmedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Smith, AdamBidragsgivaremedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Steinberg, EricRedaktörmedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
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Moral philosophy, or the science of human nature, may be treated after two different manners; each of which has its peculiar merit, and may contribute to the entertainment, instruction, and reformation of mankind. The one considers man chiefly as born for action; and as influenced in his measures by taste and sentiment; pursuing one object, and avoiding another, according to the value which these objects seem to possess, and according to the light in which they present themselves. As virtue, of all objects, is allowed to be the most valuable, this species of philosophers paint her in the most amiable colours; borrowing all helps from poetry and eloquence, and treating their subject in an easy and obvious manner, and such as is best fitted to please the imagination, and engage the affections. They select the most striking observations and instances from common life; place opposite characters in a proper contrast; and alluring us into the paths of virtue by the views of glory and happiness, direct our steps in these paths by the soundest precepts and most illustrious examples. They make us feel the difference between vice and virtue; they excite and regulate our sentiments; and so they can but bend our hearts to the love of probity and true honour, they think, that they have fully attained the end of all their labours.
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If we take in our hand any volume of divinity or school metaphysics, for instance, let us ask, Does it contain any abstract reasoning concerning quantity or number? No. Does it contain any experimental reasoning concerning matter of fact and existence? No. Commit it then to the flames, for it can contain nothing but sophistry and illusion.
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The work generally known as An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding was first published as Philosophical Essays Concerning Human Understanding (editorial notes at davidhume.org).
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'Commit it then to the flames: for it can contain nothing but sophistry and illusion.'Thus ends David Hume's Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, the definitive statement of the greatest philosopher in the English language. His arguments in support of reasoning from experience, and against the 'sophistry and illusion' of religiously inspired philosophical fantasies, causedcontroversy in the eighteenth century and are strikingly relevant today, when faith and science continue to clash.The Enquiry considers the origin and processes of human thought, reaching the stark conclusion that we can have no ultimate understanding of the physical world, or indeed our own minds. In either sphere we must depend on instinctive learning from experience, recognizing our animal nature and thelimits of reason. Hume's calm and open-minded scepticism thus aims to provide a new basis for science, liberating us from the 'superstition' of false metaphysics and religion. His Enquiry remains one of the best introductions to the study of philosophy, and this edition places it in its historicaland philosophical context.

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