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Den nakna apan (1967)

av Desmond Morris

Andra författare: Se under Andra författare.

MedlemmarRecensionerPopularitetGenomsnittligt betygOmnämnanden
2,614454,277 (3.78)39
FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY EDITION - WITH A NEW PREFACE BY THE AUTHOR Here is the Naked Ape at his most primal - in love, at work, at war. Meet man as he really is: relative to the apes, stripped of his veneer as we see him courting, making love, sleeping, socialising, grooming, playing. Zoologist Desmond Morris's classic takes its place alongside Darwin's Origin of the Species, presenting man not as a fallen angel, but as a risen ape, remarkable in his resilience, energy and imagination, yet an animal nonetheless, in danger of forgetting his origins. With its penetrating insights on man's beginnings, sex life, habits and our astonishing bonds to the animal kingdom, The Naked Ape is a landmark, at once provocative, compelling and timeless. 'Original, provocative and brilliantly entertaining. It's the sort of book that changes people's lives' Sunday Times… (mer)
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» Se även 39 omnämnanden

CARANTILLO-434 ( )
  TORTOSAGUARDIA | Sep 24, 2021 |
Mais de trinta anos depois da primeira leitura não achei este livro tão interessante como da primeira vez. Apesar da linguagem acessível do autor, o livro está cheio de lugares comuns e de constatações sem interesse.
O objectivo que o autor revela no final da obra é digno e louvável que alguém já em 1967 se tenha preocupado com o aumento demográfico e tenha visto nesse aumento uma ameaça ao futuro da humanidade. Na altura, o autor diz que a população mundial era de 3.000 milhões. Hoje, em 2021, já é mais do dobro desse valor. Deste modo, não só os problemas que o autor já identificou em 1967 continuam a sê-lo em 2021, como entretanto surgiram novos problemas. Porém, a quase totalidade do texto não contribui para o desiderato do autor, nem tem com esse objectivo qualquer ligação visível. ( )
  CMBras | Sep 14, 2021 |
Mais de trinta anos depois da primeira leitura não achei este livro tão interessante como da primeira vez. Apesar da linguagem acessível do autor, o livro está cheio de lugares comuns e de constatações sem interesse.
O objectivo que o autor revela no final da obra é digno e louvável que alguém já em 1967 se tenha preocupado com o aumento demográfico e tenha visto nesse aumento uma ameaça ao futuro da humanidade. Na altura, o autor diz que a população mundial era de 3.000 milhões. Hoje, em 2021, já é mais do dobro desse valor. Deste modo, não só os problemas que o autor já identificou em 1967 continuam a sê-lo em 2021, como entretanto surgiram novos problemas. Porém, a quase totalidade do texto não contribui para o desiderato do autor, nem tem com esse objectivo qualquer ligação visível. ( )
  CMBras | Sep 14, 2021 |
In 2012, for the 50th anniversary of the publication of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, New Scientist magazine asked its readers to vote for the top 10 of a curated list of 25 of most influential popular science books. The articles and result don't seem to be available anymore, but I've preserved the top 10 and the full list of 25 here. Others have added to the list with their own recommendations, so be sure to look at the description for the correct details. Anyway, Desmond Morris's book made #6 on the list. I knew of this back in the later 1970s when a classmate was raving about it. I can see the attraction of the chapter he was doing the raving about - titled "Sex" - for 1970s teenage boys... Morris was rather clinically graphic in his descriptions! Anyway, anyway... I found a First American Edition in an antique shop and a couple of years ago added it to my To Read pile, finally getting around to reading it some 45 years after that initial exposure.

It was quite influential at the time and probably inspired more than one student to go off into a field of anthropology or zoology. Dated in many respects, there are still some astute observations, and some errors - whether details or inferences made obsolete by more science, or opinions formed by his cultural biases. Morris begins There are one hundred and ninety-three living species of monkeys and apes. One hundred and ninety-two of them are covered with hair. The exception is a naked ape self-named Homo sapiens. This unusual and highly successful species spends a great deal of time examining his higher motives and an equal amount of time studiously ignoring his fundamental ones.[...]He is an intensely vocal, acutely exploratory, over-crowded ape, and it is high time we examined his basic behaviour.He arranged his examination in eight chapters: Origins, Sex, Rearing, Exploration, Fighting, Feeding, Comfort, Animals. For each, he looks at the subject from the perspectives of information about our past via paleontology, information available from animal behavior studies - especially with respect to our relatives, and information assembled from direct observation. The first seven should be intuitive as to their relation to our species, and in Animals, he examines how we treat and treat with other animals.

A necessary plank in the advancement of the study, and a check-mark off a list I hope to complete someday, this was likely landmark in its publication, and a good mirror of how far the study has come.

Selected flags...

Spot on:
ExplorationOf all the non-specialists, the monkeys and apes are perhaps the most opportunist. As a group, they have specialized in non-specialization [...] All young apes are inquisitive, but the intensity of their curiosity tends to fade as they become adult. With us, the infantile inquisitiveness is strengthened and stretched into our mature years. We never stop investigation. We are never satisfied that we know enough to get by. Every question leads on to another question. This has become the greatest survival trick of our species.Morris is still alive, 93 as of the writing of this. I wonder if he has an opinion of the branch of our species that eschews science. That succumbs to being spoon-fed by their "news" channel (yes, he's British, but the owner of that channel has similar tendrils in the UK.)

In FightingReligion has also given rise to a great deal of unnecessary suffering and misery, wherever it has become over-formalized in its application, and whenever the professional 'assistants' of the god figures have been unable to resist the temptation to borrow a little of his power and use it for themselves. But despite its chequered history it is a feature of our social life that we cannot do without. Whenever it becomes unacceptable, it is quietly, or sometimes violently, rejected, but in no time at all it is back again in a new form, carefully disguised perhaps, but containing all the old basic elements."Cannot" do without? I beg to differ, but he does get it right with his next sentence: "We simply have to 'believe in something'." The genetic encoding is too strong top overcome primitive nature.

Wrongs and head-scratchers:
On the matter of Sex, Morris was horribly bound by his contemporary biases and misinformationThere is another separate important factor that can influence homosexual trends. If, in the parental situation, the offspring are exposed to an unduly masculine and dominant mother, or an unduly weak and effeminate father, then this will give rise to considerable confusion. Behavioural characters will point one way, anatomical ones the other.There's more, but it just speaks to Morris's ignorance.

In his Fighting chapter, Morris oddly - particularly as a zoologist - says "Many moths have a pair of startling eye-markings on their wings. These lie concealed until the creatures are attacked by predators. The wings then open and flash the bright eye-spots in the face of the enemy." I'm sure there are rare exceptions, but moths lie with their wings open.

In the Comfort chapter, Morris, peculiarly associates hair salons with the primate "grooming", claiming that we still have a grooming "urge". I suppose there are some psycho-analysts who might think that. Yes, we are a naked ape with an enlarged brain that still operates on caveman firmware, but there are some of those animal "urges" (he relates similar in Fighting, Rearing, Exploration, Feeding) that I do not think are as dominant as he would have the reader believe. But I'm just an amateur polymath with the benefit of modern resources and my opinion means nothing. ( )
  Razinha | May 31, 2021 |
Some fondness, this book impressed me when I was a kid. A precursor, limited to anecdotes and guesswork, obviously superseded by more recent ev psych. ( )
  nicdevera | Oct 1, 2020 |
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» Lägg till fler författare (15 möjliga)

Författarens namnRollTyp av författareVerk?Status
Morris, Desmondprimär författarealla utgåvorbekräftat
Ferrer Aleu, J.Översättaremedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Nicolaas, ThomasÖversättaremedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Rijk, Peter deRedaktörmedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat

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There are one hundred and ninety-three living species of monkeys and apes.
One of the strangest features of previous studies of naked-ape behaviour is that they have nearly always avoided the obvious. The earlier anthropologists rushed off to all kinds of unlikely corners of the world in order to unravel the basic truth about our nature, scattering to remote cultural back-waters so atypical and unsuccessful that they are nearly extinct. They then returned with startling facts about the bizarre mating customs, strange kinship systems, or weird ritual procedures of these tribes, and used this material as though it were of central importance to the behaviour of our species as a whole. The work done by these investigators was, of course, extremely interesting and most valuable in showing us what can happen when a group of naked apes becomes side-tracked into a cultural blind alley. It revealed just how far from the normal our behaviour patterns can stray without a complete social collapse. What it did not tell us was anything about the typical behaviour of typical naked apes. This can only be done by examining the common behaviour patterns that are shared by all the ordinary, successful members of the major cultures—the mainstream specimens who together represent the vast majority. Biologically, this is the only sound approach. Against this, the old-style anthropologist would have argued that his technologically simple tribal groups are nearer the heart of the matter than the members of advanced civilizations. I submit that this is not so. The simple tribal groups that are living today are not primitive, they are stultified. Truly primitive tribes have not existed for thousands of years. The naked ape is essentially an exploratory species and any society that has failed to advance has in some sense failed, ‘gone wrong’. Something has happened to it to hold it back, something that is working against the natural tendencies of the species to explore and investigate the world around it. The characteristics that the earlier anthropologists studied in these tribes may well be the very features that have interfered with the progress of the groups concerned. It is therefore dangerous to use this information as the basis for any general scheme of our behaviour as a species.
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FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY EDITION - WITH A NEW PREFACE BY THE AUTHOR Here is the Naked Ape at his most primal - in love, at work, at war. Meet man as he really is: relative to the apes, stripped of his veneer as we see him courting, making love, sleeping, socialising, grooming, playing. Zoologist Desmond Morris's classic takes its place alongside Darwin's Origin of the Species, presenting man not as a fallen angel, but as a risen ape, remarkable in his resilience, energy and imagination, yet an animal nonetheless, in danger of forgetting his origins. With its penetrating insights on man's beginnings, sex life, habits and our astonishing bonds to the animal kingdom, The Naked Ape is a landmark, at once provocative, compelling and timeless. 'Original, provocative and brilliantly entertaining. It's the sort of book that changes people's lives' Sunday Times

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