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Varat och intet (1943)

av Jean-Paul Sartre

Andra författare: マルティン ハイデッガー (Bidragsgivare), ジョルジュ バタイユ (Bidragsgivare), モーリス ブランショ (Bidragsgivare), アルベール カミュ (Bidragsgivare), フランツ カフカ (Bidragsgivare)1 till, 埴谷 雄高 (Bidragsgivare)

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4,270162,105 (3.67)46
A new trade edition of Sartre's magnum opus. First published in 1943, this masterpiece defines the modern condition and still holds relevance for today's readers.
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engelska (12)  spanska (2)  franska (1)  italienska (1)  Alla språk (16)
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El ser y la Nada es la obra donde Jean-Paul Sartre expone técnica y acabadamente su "existencialismo" y aquella que facilita la plena comprensión de su obra literaria. La primera edición francesa fue publicada en 1943, es decir, en el seno de una Europa arrasada por la guerra. Sartre tenía entonces 38 años y ya había escrito tres obras de carácter filosófico en las cuales explicaba el método de Husserl con vistas a la constitución de una psicología fenomenológica. Había publicado también su primera novela, La náusea, y una serie de cuentos, El muro. A partir de ese momento la producción de Sartre se sucederá sin pausa, abarcando todas las modalidades del pensamiento y de la literatura, pero las tesis centrales de este ensayo de ontología fenomenológica seguirán nutriendo y otorgando significado a tan diversificada producción. Y lo que en sus comienzos fue pura expresión teórica desbordó el ámbito especializado para convertirse, con el nombre de existencialismo, en uno de los fenómenos culturales más importantes de la segunda mitad del siglo pasado.
  MaEugenia | Aug 6, 2020 |
I wish Goodreads had another main category for books for when you abandon them yet still intend one day to come back and finish them. Don't want it cluttering up my Currently Reading list and yet cannot tag as read or remove entirely. Oh well...

If I was going to be completely honest I think from what I read of this I would probably rate it closer to 3.5 stars (for whatever that's worth). Recently learning more about Kojeve and his lectures on Hegel, it's easy to see how Sartre took what he might have learned in those lessons and used it to add his own thoughts to phenomenology.

My main gripe if I have one is that I can't help feeling that Sartre makes all of this much more complicated than it has to be. I realize that some of these concepts are incredibly abstract, yet Sartre seems to revel in his over-complicated language and descriptions when I think the meat of what he was trying to say could probably be broken down and disseminated much more simply. ( )
  23Goatboy23 | Jan 17, 2020 |
Non è amico del lettore. D'altra parte.. perché mai dovrebbe esserlo? Mal di testa. Dizionario e paracetamolo. Non so se è tradotto male.. ma procedo troppo lentamente. Mi sento stupido. A Sartre, credo, interessi poco qui scrivere per farsi capire.. Lo apprezzo di più come narratore. Non consiglierei questo lavoro come introduzione all'esistenzialismo, a causa della sua inaccessibilità - il saggio di Camus sul Mito di Sisifo risulta più adatto a questo scopo. ( )
1 rösta antoniogiglio | Aug 24, 2019 |
Un gran reto intelectual (en mi caso fallido) el intentar comprender y asimilar todos los planteamientos que en esta obra encontraras.
Extremadamente denso desde la primera página.
  txurialtea | Sep 13, 2016 |
It goes without saying that Being and Nothingness is a quintessential book in regards to studying existentialism. Nevertheless one must keep in mind that Sartre is the only philosopher to have claimed to be an “existentialist.” Existentialism is not a system, and it is not going to be found solely in Sartre’s Opus. The range of writers – from those that were dead before the thread was acknowledged to those who denounced the classification of their own work as such but are nevertheless considered to be so – is astronomical. And for those who sympathize with these ideas it should come as little surprise, for personally I feel that all humanism has an existentialist foundation.

It is a wonder though how far we have moved away from those ideas. The radically growing cult of the self that has been snowballing for at least the past decade and which has in my eyes lead us to so much of the world crises that we see today (ironically which were similar social elements that inspired such writers as Sartre, Camus, Heidegger, Ortega, etc. to flourish with these very ideas), portrays a very grim future and a lamentable entrenchment into a solipsism that is so consumed with itself that it can’t even recognize itself as such – a condition which these writers primarily set out to prevent. Even in France today you find novelists such as Michel Houellebecq meeting universal approbation for portraying these very themes in contemporary culture (I guess as a historical moment in European philosophy the case is considered to be settled and left alone; yet another grim estimation of contemporary society).

As for the book in question though, it is a trial to read. Ontology is definitely not Sartre’s strong point, and if the beginning is difficult to get through it’s not just because of its weighty content, but because Sartre himself stumbles through it all quite a bit himself. The primary writers who contribute to Sartre’s thought are Hegel, Husserl, and Heidegger – all of which it helps to have a decent understanding of in order to follow where he is going.

Of greatest interest to me in reading Being and Nothingness was Sartre’s essential continuation of Heidegger’s existential analytic. The majority of Sartre’s set-up, despite his repeated “critiques” of Heidegger’s thought (his stumbling through ontology I feel is a direct result of his not fully comprehending him), is in fact derived straight out of Being and Time. It is even rumored that, for what it’s worth, Sartre continually tried to prevent Being and Time from being translated into French.

Either way I was most disappointed with Heidegger for never having broached a social/pragmatic interpretation of Dasein in regards to others and our complex reciprocal relationships – and this is of course just what Sartre picks up and does. This for me is the great wealth to be found in Being and Nothingness. Sartre was one of the first to not be afraid to use literary references in his philosophical writings outside of aesthetics, and his contribution to the arts alone for opening up phenomenological cross-roads between life as it is lived and as it is experienced in art is something that has given me much consolation and inspiration.

As with any work of this scope and magnitude, it would be silly to sit here and try to write a thesis as a review. As such I will leave it at saying, whatever way you may feel about Sartre’s philosophy (or believe you feel from only minor association with his ideas as is the case with most philosophers), it really is an essential read these days. Not everything is a gem, but that does not mean that there are not significant humanistic critiques which transcend the book itself for their ability to make us re-evaluate our relationship is to each other as individuals. The role we play in constructing and understanding ourselves through those around us is an idea that, for as simple and foundational as it is, somehow has almost entirely disappeared from the culture that I at least find myself in. I find myself surrounded by primarily three types of people; 1) Radical egoists, 2) Traditional religious people with their various interpretations thereof, and 3) New agers who like the religious hand over their identity to whatever higher power of their choice is. All of these remove freedom from themselves or others, as well as pass off the responsibility for their own becoming.

Please! We need people to wake back up. I feel sometimes as if culture stopped assimilating philosophy after Kant : (

No one ever said life was supposed to feel good. I see more people suffer from collapses in their egoistic/idealistic bubbles (and I’m not even using those two terms pejoratively) than I care to. It’s a different kind of smile that I bear…
( )
  PhilSroka | Apr 12, 2016 |
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» Lägg till fler författare (15 möjliga)

Författarens namnRollTyp av författareVerk?Status
Jean-Paul Sartreprimär författarealla utgåvorberäknat
ハイデッガー, マルティンBidragsgivaremedförfattarealla utgåvorbekräftat
バタイユ, ジョルジュBidragsgivaremedförfattarealla utgåvorbekräftat
ブランショ, モーリスBidragsgivaremedförfattarealla utgåvorbekräftat
カミュ, アルベールBidragsgivaremedförfattarealla utgåvorbekräftat
カフカ, フランツBidragsgivaremedförfattarealla utgåvorbekräftat
雄高, 埴谷Bidragsgivaremedförfattarealla utgåvorbekräftat
Barnes, Hazel E.Översättaremedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
Del Bo, GiuseppeÖversättaremedförfattarevissa utgåvorbekräftat
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Modern thought has realized considerable progress by reducing the existent to the series of appearances which manifest it.
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A new trade edition of Sartre's magnum opus. First published in 1943, this masterpiece defines the modern condition and still holds relevance for today's readers.

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