Egytian Pantheon

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Egytian Pantheon

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1gilroy
dec 13, 2006, 12:45pm

Hi all.

I need help.

I'm trying to remember the Religious Pantheon of the Egyptians but my brain is losing it after Horus, Set and Hathor. (Darn Star Gate getting me started on this again.)

My books are of course on loan to a friend for research purposes, so I can't look the information up. Anyone offer any assistance?

2Morphidae
Redigerat: dec 13, 2006, 12:48pm

Osiris, Isis, Bast...

(edited to add Thoth)

3radiantarchangelus
dec 13, 2006, 2:37pm

4MMcM
dec 13, 2006, 3:13pm

It wasn't unusual for individual nomes to have their own gods, so a complete pantheon for all periods could get pretty long. Did you just want the Heliopolitan Ennead or some other specific set?

5gilroy
dec 27, 2006, 10:08am

I'm just looking for the primary gods. The ones that could feasibly match up with the Greek or Roman gods. (God of death, God of war, Goddess of Fertility, et al) Not needing the full pantheon, though if I run across that need, I'll have to follow up more.

6Wosret
sep 20, 2007, 4:39pm

It's a little simplistic to try and pidgeon-hole the Egyptian gods (or any other gods) into the God or Goddess of X (and only X) when they usually were known to be associated with more than just X. Sure, Osiris might be the Lord of the Dead, but he also strong fertility associations, for example. Set is often considered to be the Big Bad of Egyptian mythology, but he was also the defender of Ra's barque as it travelled the underworld. These are complex mythologies with histories that span thousands of years.

I'm also not a fan of "matching up" gods from one pantheon to another. These gods came out of a specific place and time and the context out of which they arose should be taken into account when studying them. You could say that Thoth and Hermes (for example) have a lot in common, but equating them as *the same* is completely discounting their legitimate differences. Of course there will be similarities, but it's important to note the differences and to ask *why* there are differences.

Two good books on the Egyptian Pantheon are The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Egypt by Richard H. Wilkinson and A Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses by George Hart.

7gilroy
sep 25, 2007, 3:26pm

No offense, you could have saved your entire soap box and just given the books. :> One's likes/dislikes does not equate to another.

for instance, I know that there were more than just the Goddess of Fertility in Greek Mythology, as well as the fact that one God or Goddess lined up with several aspects of life, depending on the location of the town you found the myth.

8Cynara
apr 18, 2008, 7:14pm

As Wosret suggests, it's also a question of time periods; Montu was a war god in New Kingdom Thebes, but Old Kingdom guys in Memphis wouldn't have known him from Adam. Still, some gods were popular for much of the span of Egyptian history - Isis, Osiris, Horus, Ra, Hathor, Thoth, Nepthys, and some others. Then you've got the household gods, mostly unknown to us except for Bes and Taweret, for example.

Still the Egyptians had a couple hundred of gods & variations on gods, so figuring out a pantheon can be tricky. One could stick to gods with temples, I guess.

9staffordcastle
apr 23, 2008, 1:44pm

Barbara Mertz in Red Land, Black Land gives a list of about 80 of the most important gods & goddesses.

Another good book is The Daily Life of the Egyptian Gods.

10iblis
okt 19, 2010, 12:40am

Hey Gilroy! You should look to Bastet, the fertility godess. Aphrodite was Isis. Just to get you started!

11quicksiva
okt 31, 2010, 12:18pm

"Behold, LUCIUS, moved by your prayers I have come, I am Nature, the universal Mother, mistress of all the elements, primordial child of time, sovereign of all things spiritual, queen of the dead, queen also of the immortals, the single manifestation of all gods and goddesses that are, with my nod I rule the starry heights of heaven,the health-giving breezes of the sea, and the plaintive silences of the underworld, I am worshiped in many aspects, known by countless names, and propitiated with all manner of different rites, yet the whole round earth venerates me, the Phrygians, first born of men, call me Mother of the Gods, the aboriginal races of Attica call me Cecropian Minerva, the sea-washed Cyprians call me Paphian Venus, the arrow-bearing Cretans call me Dictynna Diana, the trilingual Sicilians call me Ortygian Proserpine, the Eleusinians call me the ancient goddess Ceres, some call me Juno, some call me Bellona, some call me Hecate, and still others Rhamnusia, but those who are enlightened by the earliest rays of that divinity the sun each day, the Ethiopians, the Nubians and the Egyptians, who excel in ancient learning and worship me with ceremonies proper to my godhead, call me by my true name, namely Queen Isis."

Apuleius The Golden Ass, Book XI 155 C.E.